Tarf Water, Wigtownshire
- Not to be confused with the Tarff Water which is a tributary of the River Dee further east in Galloway.
The Tarf Water is a river in the former county of Wigtownshire in south-west Scotland. It rises on the Ayrshire border ( and flows in a generally southeastward direction to meet the )River Bladnoch near the village of Kirkcowan ( It has no major tributaries but is fed by numerous burns which drain an area characterised by ).drumlins and much of which has been afforested.
The name Tarf derives from the Proto-Indo-European root *tauro- 'bull, aurochs'. Bulls occur frequently in Celtic river names, and these names may have had a mythological rather than literal referent. Like other examples of this name in southern Scotland, 'Tarf' is Gaelic in form but is likely to derive in turn from an earlier Cumbric cognate.
- Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 scale Landranger map sheets 76 Girvan and 82 Stranraer & Glenluce
- James, Alan G. (2014). The Brittonic Language in the Old North: A Guide to the Place-name Evidence (PDF). Volume 2: Guide to the Elements. pp. 352–353.
- Watson, William J. (1926). The History of the Celtic Place-Names of Scotland. Edinburgh and London. p. 453.