Tariana Turia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Honourable
Tariana Turia
MP
Tariana Turia 2.jpg
1st Minister responsible for Whānau Ora
Incumbent
Assumed office
8 April 2010
Prime Minister John Key
Minister for the Community and Voluntary Sector
In office
19 November 2008 – 12 December 2011
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded by Ruth Dyson
Succeeded by Jo Goodhew
Minister for Disability Issues
Incumbent
Assumed office
13 June 2009
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded by Paula Bennett
Co-leader of the Māori Party
Incumbent
Assumed office
7 July 2004
Co-leader with Pita Sharples
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Labour Party List
In office
12 October 1996 – 27 July 2002
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Te Tai Hauāuru
Incumbent
Assumed office
27 July 2002
Preceded by Nanaia Mahuta
Majority 5,113[1]
Personal details
Born (1944-04-08) 8 April 1944 (age 70)
Political party Labour
Māori Party
Spouse(s) George Turia
Religion Ratana[2]

Tariana Turia (born 8 April 1944) is a New Zealand politician. She gained considerable prominence during the foreshore and seabed controversy, and eventually broke with her party as a result. She resigned from parliament, and successfully contested a by-election in her former electorate as a candidate of the newly formed Māori Party.

Early work[edit]

Turia was born in 1944 to an American (probably Native American) father[3] and Māori mother. Her Māori roots are Whanganui, Ngāti Apa, Ngā Raurū, and Tūwharetoa iwi.

She is married to George Turia. They have 4 children, 2 whāngaia, and 28 grandchildren, and great grandchildren.[citation needed]

Before entering politics, she had considerable involvement with a number of Māori organisations, working with Te Puni Kōkiri (the Ministry of Māori Development) and a number of Māori health providers. She also had associations with the Te Kura Kaupapa and kohanga reo movements.

^a Child adopted though Māori customary practice of adoption within the extended family, or Whānau

Member of Parliament[edit]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate List Party
1996–1999 45th List 20 Labour
1999–2002 46th List 16 Labour
2002–2004 47th Te Tai Hauāuru None Labour
2004–2005 47th Te Tai Hauāuru Māori
2005–2008 48th Te Tai Hauāuru 1 Māori
2008–2011 49th Te Tai Hauāuru 1 Māori
2011 – present 50th Te Tai Hauāuru 7 Māori

Turia entered the New Zealand Parliament in the 1996 election as a list MP for the Labour Party, ranking 20th on the party list. In the 1999 election, she remained a list MP, but ranked sixteenth. In the 2002 election, however, she contested the Te Tai Hauauru Māori electorate, and opted not to place herself on the party list at all. Te Tai Hauauru (roughly, the Māori voters of the west of the North Island) returned her as their member of parliament.

Although never a member of Cabinet, Turia has held a number of non-Cabinet ministerial roles. From Labour's electoral victory in 1999, she served as Associate Minister of Māori Affairs, Associate Minister of Social Services and Employment, Associate Minister of Health, and Associate Minister of Housing. In 2002, she also became Associate Minister of Corrections. After the formation of the Labour-Progressive coalition in 2002, she dropped the Corrections role and gained full ministerial rank as Minister for the Community and Voluntary Sector.


Foreshore and seabed legislation[edit]

When debate about ownership of New Zealand's foreshore and seabed broke out in 2003, and the Labour Party proposed vesting ownership in the state, Turia voiced dissatisfaction. Along with many of her supporters in Te Tai Hauauru, she claimed that Labour's proposal amounted to an outright confiscation of Māori land. When it became publicly known that Turia might vote against Labour's bill in parliament, tensions between Turia and the Labour Party's leadership increased. The hierarchy strongly implied that if Turia did not support Labour policy, she could not retain her ministerial roles.

By-election[edit]

On 30 April 2004, after a considerable period of confusion about Turia's intentions, she announced that she would resign from parliament on 17 May. This precipitated a by-election being called in Te Tai Hauauru, which Turia contested as a member of the new Māori Party that formed around her. On the same day that Turia announced her resignation, Prime Minister Helen Clark sacked her from her ministerial posts.

Her supporters see Turia as having bravely defied her party in order to stand up for her principles. Her critics, however, portray her as dangerous and racist, notably for her support for race based policies which favour Maori over other New Zealanders. The Labour Party has criticised Turia for putting the foreshore and seabed issue before the party's wider policies for Māori development, and says that she has unreasonably focused on a single issue. Helen Clark said that Turia had shown "an astonishing lack of perspective". Turia described the Te Tai Hauauru by-election of 10 July 2004 as a chance to test her mandate, and to ensure that she had the support of her voters, but doubts remained about the significance of the by-election, since none of the major parties put forward candidates. Labour called the event "a waste of time and money".

Turia received 92.74% of the vote in the by-election, and resumed her seat in Parliament on 27 July 2004.

2005 general election[edit]

Turia and Pita Sharples in 2005

On 17 September 2005, the Māori Party contested the general election with electoral candidates in all seven of the Māori seats. Turia was re-elected in Te Tai Hauauru and that night three more Māori Party candidates won parliamentary seats, Pita Sharples (co-leader) in Tamaki Makaurau, Hone Harawira in Te Tai Tokerau and Te Ururoa Flavell in Waiariki. The winning of the four seats resulted in celebration for their supporters who anticipated seeing an independent, Māori voice in parliament. However, the Māori Party share of the party vote across the country was 2.1 percent, placing them sixth out of the eight parties in parliament by party vote. This was attributed to voters in the Māori electorates mainly giving their party vote to the incumbent Labour government.

2008 general election and Ministerial posts[edit]

Support for the Māori Party in the 2008 general election increased with the party gaining an additional seat.[4] National won most seats overall, to form a minority government with support from the Māori Party as well as Act New Zealand and United Future. In return for Māori Party support in confidence and supply, John Key agreed to not abolish the Māori seats without the consent of Māori.[5] It was also agreed to review the Foreshore and Seabed Act 2004 and to consider Māori representation in a wider constitutional review which began in 2010.[6] Turia and co-leader Sharples were both made Ministers, although like other support party members both remained outside Cabinet. Turia was given the portfolios of Minister for the Community and Voluntary Sector, Associate Minister of Health and Associate Minister for Social Development and Employment, while Sharples was made Minister of Māori Affairs.[7] When Paula Bennett stepped down as Minister for Disability Issues on 30 June 2009, Key appointed Turia the new minister.[8] In 2010, the National and Māori Parties announced Whānau Ora, a taskforce designed to streamline social service resources. Turia was announced Minister responsible for the implementing of the scheme.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elections NZ 2005: Official Count Results – Te Tai Hauauru". 
  2. ^ Claire Trevett (25 January 2008). "Key offers pledge on Treaty process". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  3. ^ "Michele Hewitson interview: Tariana Turia". New Zealand Herald. 5 March 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2011. 
  4. ^ Party vote status 2008.
  5. ^ Trevett, Claire (17 November 2008). "Maori Party takes 'sensible position'". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "Key's Government". The New Zealand Herald. 17 November 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Minister drops Disability Issues" (Press release). New Zealand Labour Party. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 8 April 2010. 
  9. ^ "Whanau Ora: Turia to head welfare shake-up". The New Zealand Herald. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 8 April 2010. 

External links[edit]


New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Nanaia Mahuta
Member of Parliament for Te Tai Hauāuru
2002 – present
Incumbent
Party political offices
New political party Co-leader of the Māori Party
2004 – present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Ruth Dyson
Minister for the Community and Voluntary Sector
2008 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Paula Bennett
Minister for Disability Issues
2009 – present
New ministerial post Minister responsible for Whānau Ora
2010 – present