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For TARKI Social Research Institute, see TARKI Social Research Institute.

Coordinates: 42°56′50″N 47°29′55″E / 42.94722°N 47.49861°E / 42.94722; 47.49861

Tarki in 1925.

Tarki (Russian: Тарки́; Kumyk: Таргъу, Targhu) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) under the administrative jurisdiction of Sovetsky City District of the city of Makhachkala in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, situated on the Tarkitau Mountain. Population: 15,356 (2010 Census);[1] 9,858 (2002 Census);[2] 3,743 (1989 Census).[3]

According to oral tradition, Tarki sits on the site of Samandar, the capital of Khazaria until the early 8th century. In 1396, Timur passed through Tarki on a military campaign. In the late 15th century, Tarki became the capital of the Shamkhals who held sway in Dagestan until the early 18th century, when their territory contracted to a tiny strip of the Caspian shore.

The Shamkhals submitted to Russian authority more than once, first in the early 17th century, then during the Persian Expedition of Peter the Great and Persian Expedition of 1796. As early as 1559, Ivan the Terrible had a Russian fort constructed there. In 1668, the town was sacked by the Cossacks of Stenka Razin.

The town finally passed to Russia under the terms of the Treaty of Gulistan (1813). Eight years later, the Russians built Burnaya Fortress there, which was succeeded by Fort-Petrovsk, now known as Makhachkala.


  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.