Tarrant County, Texas

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Tarrant County, Texas
0011Tarrant County Courthouse Full E Fort Worth Texas.jpg
The Tarrant County Courthouse in Fort Worth
Map of Texas highlighting Tarrant County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1849
Named for Edward H. Tarrant
Seat Fort Worth
Largest city Fort Worth
Area
 • Total 902 sq mi (2,336 km2)
 • Land 864 sq mi (2,238 km2)
 • Water 39 sq mi (101 km2), 4.3%
Population
 • (2010) 1,809,034
 • Density 2,096/sq mi (809/km²)
Congressional districts 6th, 12th, 24th, 26th, 33rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.tarrantcounty.com

Tarrant County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 1,809,034.[1] It is the third-most populous county in Texas and the sixteenth-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Worth.[2] Tarrant County, one of 26 counties created out of the Peters Colony, was established in 1849. The county is named in honor of General Edward H. Tarrant of the Republic of Texas Militia.[3]

Tarrant County is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 864 square miles (2,240 km2) is land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (4.3%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 664
1860 6,020 806.6%
1870 5,788 −3.9%
1880 24,671 326.2%
1890 41,142 66.8%
1900 52,376 27.3%
1910 108,572 107.3%
1920 152,800 40.7%
1930 197,553 29.3%
1940 225,521 14.2%
1950 361,253 60.2%
1960 538,495 49.1%
1970 716,317 33.0%
1980 860,880 20.2%
1990 1,170,103 35.9%
2000 1,446,219 23.6%
2010 1,809,034 25.1%
Est. 2013 1,911,541 5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850-2010[6]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,446,219 people, 533,864 households, and 369,433 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,675 people per square mile (647/km²). There were 565,830 housing units at an average density of 655 per square mile (253/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.23% White, 12.80% Black or African American, 0.57% Native American, 3.64% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 9.09% from other races, and 2.51% from two or more races. 19.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 533,864 households out of which 36.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,179, and the median income for a family was $54,068. Males had a median income of $38,486 versus $28,672 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,548. About 8.00% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Tarrant County has consistently supported Republican Party presidential candidates in recent decades. Since 1960 it has supported the Republican presidential candidate in every election except 1964, when it went to Democrat Lyndon Johnson, a Texas native. Among similar-sized counties nationwide, only Orange County, California has voted more consistently Republican in presidential elections.

In Arlington all three of the Texas House of Representatives districts are Republican following the 2010 elections. In District 94, Diane Patrick was unseated in the Republican primary held on March 4, 2014 by Tony Tinderholt.[8]In District 96, Bill Zedler was renominated on March 4; he has served from 2003 to 2009 and since 2011. Since 2001, Republican Charlie Geren has represented Fort Worth in the state House, first in District 89 and since 2003 in District 99.

Major Political Parties

Presidential Election Results 1960-2004
Year Democratic Republican
2012 41.4% 252,789 57.1% 348,686
2008 43.8% 274,101 55.6% 347,843
2004 37.01% 207,286 62.39% 349,462
2000 36.78% 173,758 60.74% 286,921
1996 41.60% 170,431 50.85% 208,312
1992 33.14% 156,230 38.90% 183,387
1988 38.19% 151,310 61.24% 242,660
1984 32.57% 120,147 67.25% 248,050
1980 39.69% 121,068 56.86% 173,466
1976 49.18% 122,287 50.05% 124,433
1972 31.29% 69,187 68.55% 151,596
1968 41.79% 79,705 42.88% 81,786
1964 62.98% 97,092 36.71% 56,593
1960 44.66% 59,385 54.75% 72,813

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The JPS Health Network (Tarrant County Hospital District) operates the John Peter Smith Hospital and health centers.

Countywide law enforcement is provided by the Tarrant County Sheriff's Office and Tarrant County Constable's Office. All cities in the county provide their own police services, with only two exceptions: Westlake contracts service from the Keller Police Department, and Haslet contracts service from the sheriff's office. DFW Airport, the Tarrant County Hospital District, and the Tarrant Regional Water District also provide their own police forces.

Since the disbandment of the North Tarrant County Fire Department, no countywide firefighting services exist; all municipalities provide their own fire departments. Most cities also operate their own ambulances, with Fort Worth being a notable exception - the city contracts paramedic apparatus from private entity Medstar. CareFlite air ambulance services operate from Harris Methodist Hospital in Fort Worth.

Civil and Family Courts

Eleven civil courts serve Tarrant County: the 17th, 48th, 67th, 96th, 141st, 153rd, 236th, 342nd, 348th, and 352nd District Courts, as well as three County Courts at Law. Seven family courts also serve the county: the 231st, 233rd, 322nd, 323rd, 324th, 325th, and 360th District Courts. These courts, along with related services, are based at the Tarrant County Civil Courts Building, located in downtown Fort Worth.

Criminal Courts

There are twenty criminal courts in Tarrant County, including six state-level criminal courts: the 213th, 297th, 371st, 372nd, 396th, and 432nd District Courts, all of which are located at the Tim Curry Criminal Justice Center in Fort Worth. The county also operates ten County Criminal Courts and four Criminal District Courts.

Lower Courts

Tarrant County is divided into eight precincts, each served by a Justice of the Peace (JP). JP Courts in Tarrant County are located in: Fort Worth (Pcts. 1, 5, 6, 8), Arlington (Pct. 2), Southlake (Pct. 3), Lake Worth (Pct. 4), and Mansfield (Pct. 7).

Two Magistrate Courts operate from the Tim Curry Criminal Justice Center in Fort Worth. The courts are located in the building's basement so that inmates from the nearby Tarrant County Corrections Center may be transported between the two buildings more securely.

Two Probate Courts operate in the Old Tarrant County Courthouse - the only courts to remain active within that building.

The county commissioners court consists of county judge B. Glen Whitely, and commissioners Roy Brooks, Andy Nguyen, Gary Fickes, and J.D. Johnson.

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Public schools in Texas are organized into Independent School Districts and charter schools. Tarrant County is also home to dozens of private high schools and nearly 100 lower-level private schools.[9]

Independent school districts[edit]

Charter schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Notable private schools include:

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is partially in the cities of Grapevine and Euless in Tarrant County and Irving in Dallas County.

Fort Worth Alliance Airport is a city-owned public-use airport located 14 miles (23 km) north of the central business district of Fort Worth on Interstate-35W. Billed as the world's first purely industrial airport, it was developed in a joint venture between the City of Fort Worth, the Federal Aviation Administration and Hillwood Development Company, a real estate development company owned by H. Ross Perot, Jr. Alliance Airport has 9600 ' and 8200 ' runways.

Fort Worth Meacham International Airport is located at the intersection of Interstate 820 and U.S. Business Highway 287 in northwest Fort Worth, 5 miles from the downtown business district. Meacham International Airport has two parallel runways and a crosswind runway.

Fort Worth Spinks Airport is located 14 miles south of the downtown business district. The airport is located at the intersection of Interstate-35W and HWY 1187 and serves as a reliever airport for Fort Worth Meacham International Airport and Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.

Communities[edit]

* Mostly in Dallas County
** Mostly in Denton County
*** Mostly in Johnson County
**** Mostly in Wise County
***** Partly in Johnson and Ellis Counties
† Partly in Parker County
†† Partly in Wise County
††† Small portion in Dallas County
†††† Small portion in Denton County
††††† Partly in Parker and Wise Counties

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ W. Kellon Hightower. "Handbook of Texas Online - TARRANT COUNTY". Tshaonline.org. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ "Republican primary election returns (House District 94), March 4, 2014". enr.sos.state.tx.us. Retrieved March 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Texas Private Schools, accessed 2008-08-23
  10. ^ http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/heg02

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°46′N 97°17′W / 32.77°N 97.29°W / 32.77; -97.29