|Location||Between Orcus Patera and the Elysium volcanic region|
The mountain range was named in 1885. It has been named after Greek god of the underworld, Tartarus, by the standard planetary nomenclature for Martian landforms. According to Greek myth, Tartarus is the lowest part of Hades. Zeus imprisoned the Titans in Tartarus. The second part of the name "Montes" means mountains.
Photographs taken by the Mars Global Surveyor indicate that there are cones and volcanic rings near Tartarus Montes. Narrow grabens and fractures are present around the regions of this mountain range. Both the hilly areas and the intervening plains are cut with similar marks. This implies that there is a widespread tensional fracture system associated with Cerberus Fossae. At one point, Grjota’ Vallis, an outflow channel, crosses the bedrock ridge of Tartarus Montes.
See also 
- Blue, Jennifer. "Tartarus Montes". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
- "PIA10800: Tartarus Montes". Nasa. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- "NASA Mars Odyssey THEMIS Image: The Naming of Things: Tartarus Montes". Mars Today. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- "Ring/Cone Structures in the Tartarus Montes/Phlegra Dorsa Region". hirise.lpl.arizona.edu. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Plescia, J. B. (2003). "Cerberus Fossae, Elysium, Mars: A source for lava and water". Icarus 164: 79–67. doi:10.1016/S0019-1035(03)00139-8.