Tartronic acid

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Tartronic acid
Tartronic acid.svg
Identifiers
CAS number 80-69-3 N
PubChem 45
ChemSpider 44 YesY
EC number 201-301-1
KEGG C02287 N
ChEBI CHEBI:16513 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C3H4O5
Molar mass 120.06 g/mol
Appearance beige powder
Melting point 159 °C (318 °F; 432 K) (decomposes)
Hazards
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., water Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Related compounds
Related carboxylic acids Tartaric acid
Malic acid
mesoxalic acid
Lactic acid
3-Hydroxypropionic acid
Malonic acid
Propionic acid
Oxalic acid
Related compounds Glyceric acid
Glyceraldehyde
Tartonaldehyde
Glycerol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Tartronic acid or 2-hydroxymalonic acid is a dicarboxylic acid with the structural formula of HOOCCH(OH)COOH.

Its derivative, 2-methyltartronic acid, is isomalic acid.

Uses[edit]

Tartronic acids are best known as a reactant in the catalytic oxidation with air to form mesoxalic acid, another type of hydroxydicarboxylic acid.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fordham P., Besson M., Gallezot P. (1997). "Catalytic oxidation with air of tartronic acid to mesoxalic acid on bismuth-promoted platinum". Catal. Lett. 46 (3–4): 195–199(5). doi:10.1023/A:1019082905366. Retrieved 2007-07-06. 

External links[edit]