|Città di Tarvisio|
Main square with Sts. Peter and Paul Church
|Frazioni||Tarvisio Centrale, Camporosso in Valcanale, Cave del Predil, Coccau, Fusine in Valromana, Monte Lussari, Muda, Plezzut, Poscolle, Rutte, Sant'Antonio|
|• Mayor||Renato Carlantoni (FI)|
|• Total||205 km2 (79 sq mi)|
|Elevation||754 m (2,474 ft)|
|• Density||24/km2 (63/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Saint Peter and Saint Paul|
|Saint day||June 29|
The town is situated in the Canal Valley (Val Canale), between the Carnic Alps and Karawanks ranges in the north and the Julian Alps in the south. Located at the border with both Austria and Slovenia, Tarvisio and its neighbouring municipalities of Arnoldstein and Kranjska Gora form the tripoint of Romance, Germanic and Slavic Europe. The height west of the town centre marks the watershed between the Slizza creek, a tributary of the Gail River which is part of the Danube basin, and the Fella River, tributary of the Tagliamento discharging into the Adriatic Sea.
Tarvisio has access to the A23 Alpe-Adria autostrada, part of the European route E55, running from the Austrian A2 Süd Autobahn to Udine, and the A4 autostrada at Palmanova. The Tarvisio railway station is located at the new Pontebbana line from Villach to Udine opened in 2000, that replaced the tracks of the former Austro-Hungarian k.k. Staatsbahn built in 1879.
Despite the modest elevation, the city has a continental climate with cold winters (lowest recorded temperature is −23 °C (−9 °F) in January 1985). Summers can be very hot (highest recorded temperature of 37 °C (99 °F) in July 1983).
Until 1918, the town, as was the rest of the Canal Valley, was overwhelmingly German- and Slovenian-speaking. Today the municipality speaks mostly Italian; Germans and Slovenes make up a substantial minority. In 2012, the mayor put up multilingual signs in four languages, Italian, German, Slovene and Friulian, saying "the inhabitants deserve to use their mother tongues freely."
The comune of Tarvisio includes the following frazioni (fractional parishes):
- Names in: Italian (German, Slovene, Friulian):
- Camporosso (Saifnitz, Žabnice, Cjamparos)
- Cave del Predil (Raibl, Rabelj, Rabil/Predil)
- Coccau (Goggau, Kokova, Cocau)
- Fusine in Valromana (Weißenfels/Weissenfels, Fužine/Bela Peč, Fusinis)
- Monte Lussari (Luschariberg, Sv.Višárje, Mont Sante di Lussàri)
- Muda (Mauth, Múta, Mude)
- Plezzut (Flitschl, Flíčl, Pleçùt)
- Poscolle (Hinterschloss, Zágradec, Puscuèl)
- Rutte (Greuth, Trbiške rute, Rute)
- Sant'Antonio (Sankt Anton, Sant Antòni)
- Riofreddo (Kaltwasser, Mrzla Voda)
As a place upon ancient trade routes across the Alps to Venice, Tarvisio's roots date back to Roman times. In 1007 Emperor Henry II vested the newly created Diocese of Bamberg with the Carinthian Canal Valley down to Pontebba, a region which had considerable importance because of nearby ore mines and ironworks, especially around the village of Fusine in Valromana (Weißenfels/Bela Peč/"Fusinis"). Tarvisio remained a southern exclave of the Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg, until in 1758 the bishop finally sold Tarvisio to the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. Until 1918 it was part of the Duchy of Carinthia, it received town privileges in 1909.
Tarvisio features include the parish church Saints Peter and Paul, built in the 15th century, as well as sceneries like the Fusine laghi mountain lakes. At the summit of the 1,789-metre (5,869 ft) Mount Lussari (Italian: Monte Lussari, German: Luschariberg, Slovene: Svete Višarje) is a pilgrimage church, where according to legend in 1360 a shepherd discovered a statue of Virgin Mary. The church and the nearby ski centre can be reached by cable car from Malborghetto Valbruna. The area around the Sella Nevea mountain pass between Tarvisio and Chiusaforte is also a popular ski resort.
For decades, Tarvisio benefited economically from people coming from Austria and Yugoslavia for shopping trips. However, trade at the notorious "Rag Market" diminished after the implementation of Schengen Agreement and the establishment of the Eurozone. Today, tourism and winter sports in the Karawanks, the Carnic Alps, and the Julian Alps have become important industries. Tarvisio is known for its heavy alpine snow, which attracts many tourists for skiing and snowboarding, especially school groups. It was host to the 2003 Winter Universiade and the Women's 2007 Alpine Skiing World Cup.
Notable people that were born or lived in Tarvisio include:
- Lambert Ehrlich (1878–1942), Slovene Roman Catholic priest, political figure, and ethnologist
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