Tarzana, Los Angeles
|— Neighborhood of Los Angeles —|
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Tarzana // is a predominantly white, highly educated, affluent district in the San Fernando Valley region of the city of Los Angeles, California. The neighborhood is a mostly residential community on the site of a former ranch owned by author Edgar Rice Burroughs. It is named Tarzana after his storybook jungle character hero, Tarzan.
The area now known as Tarzana was occupied in 1797 by Spanish settlers and missionaries who established the San Fernando Mission. Later absorbed by Mexico, the land was ceded to the United States in 1848 by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the Mexican-American War. Under US rule it evolved into a series of large cattle ranches owned by local elites. Investors took over in the 1870s, turning grazing into large-scale wheat farm operation.
The area was purchased in 1909 by the Los Angeles Suburban Homes Company. LA Times founder and publisher General Harrison Gray Otis invested in the company and also personally acquired 550 acres (2.2 km2) in the center of modern-day Tarzana.
In 1915 or 1919, author of the popular Tarzan novels Edgar Rice Burroughs purchased Otis’s tract and established Tarzana Ranch. Burroughs subdivided and sold the land for residential development with neighboring small farms following suit. The subdivision was one of many all white planned communities started in the Los Angeles area around this time, with racial segregation enforced by a restrictive covenant inserted in property deeds. It stated in part that "said premises or any part thereof shall not be leased, sold, or conveyed to, or occupied by any person not of the Caucasian race." Burroughs marketed his new community using themes that evoked British imperialism and white supremacy.
In 1927 or 1928, local residents renamed the town Tarzana in honor of Burroughs and his famous storybook character.
The U.S. census counted 35,502 people living in Tarzana in 2000, and the city estimated its population at 37,778 in 2008. There were 4,038 people per square mile, among the lowest population densities in the city.
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the racial composition was predominantly white (70,7%), followed by Asian (5%), and black or African American (3.6%). The Los Angeles Times considered the area as "moderately diverse." Thirty-five percent of the population was foreign-born. Iran (24.2%) and Mexico (12.1%) were the most common foreign places of birth.
The percentage of divorced men and women was among the county's highest. Some 9% of the residents were military veterans, considered high for the city of Los Angeles. The percentages of residents aged 50 and older were among the county's highest. The median age, 38, was old when compared to the rest of the city and the county. The median household income in 2008 dollars was considered high, at $73,195.
- Robert Peernock, convicted murderer
- Paul Rodriguez - skateboarder
- Jim Rome - sports radio host and host of Jim Rome is Burning, born in Tarzana
- Hailee Steinfeld - actress
- Herbert Klynn - animator
A total of 40.3% of Tarzana residents aged 25 and older have earned a four-year degree, which is considered a high figure for both the city and the county. Percentages of those residents with a bachelor's degree or with a master's degree are also high for the county.
Elementary and middle schools
- Gaspar de Portola Middle School, LAUSD, 18720 Linnet Street
- Sherman Oaks Center for Enriched Studies, LAUSD alternative, 18605 Erwin Street
- Vanalden Avenue Elementary School, LAUSD, 19019 Delano Street
- Tarzana Elementary School, LAUSD, 5726 Topeka Drive
- CHIME Institute's Schwarzenegger Community School, LAUSD charter, 19722 Collier Street
- Woodland Avenue Elementary School, LAUSD, 5213 Crebs Avenue
- Nestle Avenue Elementary School, 5060 Nestle Avenue
- Columbia College Hollywood, a private nonprofit film school on Oxnard Street.
Parks and recreation
The Tarzana Recreation Center is in Tarzana. The center has a gymnasium that also is used as an auditorium; the building's capacity is 600. The park also has barbecue pits, a lighted baseball diamond, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children's play area, a community room, an indoor gymnasium without weights, picnic tables, and lighted volleyball courts.
Rocko's Modern Life was animated in Tarzana.
Tarzana Armenian Deli in Tarzana was used as a location for the HBO TV show Six Feet Under. David and Keith have coffee, sandwiches and frank conversation at the eatery.
Tarzana was the home of John Denver's character (Jerry Landers) in the 1977 film Oh, God!
Season 2 of The Bad Girls Club was filmed in Tarzana.
Some episodes of A&Es Intervention TV series featured Tarzana Treatment Centers.
-  "San Fernando Valley," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times website
-  "Tarzana" Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times website
- The Thomas Guide, 2006, pages 530 and 560]
- Laura Pulido; Laura Barraclough; Wendy Cheng (24 March 2012). A People's Guide to Los Angeles. University of California Press. p. 324. ISBN 978-0-520-95334-5. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
- James W. Loewen (29 September 2005). Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension Of American Racism. The New Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-59558-674-2. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
- Laura R. Barraclough (1 January 2011). Making the San Fernando Valley: Rural Landscapes, Urban Development, and White Privilege. University of Georgia Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-8203-3562-9. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
- FUENTES, GABE (August 23, 1987). "Missing Man Is Accused of Murdering Wife". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- NetworkA (15). "Paul Rodriguez Life: The Other Half Ep. 5, Part 2" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
- McAlevey, Peter (1997-11-23), King of 'The Jungle'; Jim Rome Turned Sports Talk Radio Into a Howard Stern-ish Free-for-All. Not Everyone Is Glad He Did., Los Angeles Times, retrieved 2010-10-20
- Strauss, Bob (December 18, 2010). "Thousand Oaks teen Hailee Steinfeld earns nods for big role in 'True Grit'". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
-  Internet Movie Data Base
-  "Tarzana Schools," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- "Encino - Tarzana Branch Library." Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Tarzana Recreation Center." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 19, 2010.
- Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzana, California
- Tarzana, California Community Profile
- Los Angeles Times, Real Estate section, Neighborly Advice column: "[Tarzana:] A hilly haven in the jungles of the Valley" (29 Feb 2004)
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