Tashfin ibn Ali

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Tashfin ibn Ali
Sultan of Morocco
Reign 1143-1145
Titles Emir
Predecessor Ali ibn Yusuf
Successor Ibrahim ibn Tashfin
Dynasty Almoravid
Father Ali ibn Yusuf
Religious beliefs Islam
Not to be confused with the Marinid king Tashfin ibn Ali.

Tashfin ibn Ali (died 23 March 1145,[1] or 25 March 1145 C.E[2]) was the 6th Almoravid king, he reigned in 1143–1145.

Biography[edit]

Tashfin ibn Ali was appointed Governor of Granada and Almería in 1129, as well as of Córdoba in 1131, during the reign of his father Ali ibn Yusuf.[3] He succeeded his father in 1143. In 1145, he went to fight the Almohads, under the leadership of Abd al-Mu'min, in the Oran area. He was besieged for several days by the Almohad forces and finally opted for escaping by sea. He subsequently called on a fleet from Almeria, burned his military encampment and while trying to join the port by night on horseback, he fell off a cliff and died in March 1145.[1] He was succeeded first by his son Ibrahim ibn Tashfin, who was still an infant, and soon after by his brother Ishaq ibn Ali.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ibn Khaldun, Abderahman (1377). تاريخ ابن خلدون: ديوان المبتدأ و الخبر في تاريخ العرب و البربر و من عاصرهم من ذوي الشأن الأكبر. Volume 6. دار الفكر. p. 308. 
  2. ^ Unknown author (1312). كتاب مفاخر البربر. Hassan II university of Casablanca. p. 151. 
  3. ^ Extrait de la Chronique intitulée Kamel-Altevarykh par Ibn-Alatyr, RHC Historiens orientaux I, p. 413.


Preceded by
Ali ibn Yusuf
Almoravids
1143–1145
Succeeded by
Ibrahim ibn Tashfin