Tashir

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Tashir
Տաշիր
The centre of Tashir
The centre of Tashir
Coordinates: 41°07′28″N 44°16′55″E / 41.12444°N 44.28194°E / 41.12444; 44.28194
Country  Armenia
Marz Lori
Established 1844
Area
 • Total 5.6 km2 (2.2 sq mi)
Elevation 1,500 m (4,900 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 8,700
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,000/sq mi)

Coordinates: 41°07′28″N 44°16′55″E / 41.12444°N 44.28194°E / 41.12444; 44.28194 Tashir (Armenian: Տաշիր), formerly known as Vorontsovka and Kalinino, is a town located in Lori Province of Armenia. It is 42 km north of the provincial centre Vanadzor, in a valley on the road Stepanavan-Tbilisi highway, at a height of 1500 metres above sea level. The population of the town is 8,700. It was previously called Kalinino under the Soviet rule.

History and geography[edit]

Tashir

The town was established in 1844 by Russians who had arrived to the region from the Russian Empire, mainly from the region of Saratov. The newly established settlement was called Vorontsovka after the Viceroy of the Caucasus Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov.

In 1935, during the Soviet rule, the settlement was renamed Kalinino after the Russian Bolshevik revolutionary leader Mikhail Kalinin and was called. In 1961, Kalino was granted the statues of a town-settlement. In 1983, it became a town.

With the independence of Armenia in 1991, the town was renamed Tashir after the historic Tashir canton of Gugark; the 13th province of Greater Armenia.

In 1886, the population of Tashir was 2,284. In 1897 it became 3,076. Between 1920 and 1960 the population was around 4,500 with a majority Russians. Until 1989 there were also Azerbaijins in the town who migrated to Azerbaijan as a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh war.

At a height of 1500 metres, Tashir has a mild temperature, with an average temperature of -5 in January, and 19 in July. The annual precipitation level is 420 mm. The town is surrounded with black prairies, Alpine meadows and many marshes.

Education and industry[edit]

There are 3 high schools (Armenian and Russian), a house of culture, libraries, kindergartens, a sports ground, a sports school, a music school, a dispensary, a hospital, a maternity house, and a knot of communication. The main specialization of the city is industry, and the specific weight occupies food production. Here is built a factory of Swiss cheese, which produces chesses Lori and Chanakh. There is a factory of bread, production of milk and dairy produce. The inhabitants work on cultivation. 32% of the lands are privatized, 71% of which are arable lands, 29% - pastures. Half of the state importance lands is 1660 hectare. The lands are also used as arable lands and meadows, accordingly 951 and 581 hectare. They also work on growing of grain, melons and gourds, potatoes and fruits, cattle-breeding, pig-breeding, poultry farming and bee-keeping. Among the problems of the community are renewing of school furniture, reconstruction of intercommunity roads, reconstruction of sewage system of drinking water, street lighting and reconstruction of monuments.

References[edit]