Tashkent Declaration

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The Tashkent Declaration of 10 January 1966 was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.

Peace had been achieved on 23 September by the intervention of the great powers who pushed the two nations to a cease fire for fears the conflict could escalate and draw in other powers.


A meeting was held in Tashkent in the Uzbek SSR (now Uzbekistan), USSR beginning on 4 January 1966 to try to create a more permanent settlement.

The Soviets, represented by Premier Alexei Kosygin moderated between Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan.

The Tashkent conference, under United Nations, American and Soviet pressure, compelled India to give away the conquered region in Pakistan occupied national boundary of India and the 1949 ceasefire line in Kashmir.


The conference was viewed as a great success and the declaration that was released was hoped to be a framework for lasting peace. The declaration stated that[1]

  • Indian and Pakistani forces would pull back to their pre-conflict positions, pre-August lines, no later than February 25, 1966.
  • The nations would not interfere in each other's internal affairs.
  • Economic and diplomatic relations would be restored.
  • Orderly transfer of Prisoners of War.
  • The two leaders would work towards building good relations between the two countries.

Aftermath events[edit]

The agreement was criticized in India because it did not contain a no-war pact or any renunciation of guerrilla warfare in Kashmir. After signing the agreement, Lal Bahadur Shashtri the then Indian Prime Minister died mysteriously at Tashkent.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "1965 war BBC". BBC News. 

External links[edit]