Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County

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Tashkurgan County
Autonomous county
塔什库尔干塔吉克自治县
تاشقۇرغان تاجیك ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى
Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County
ناحیه خودگردان تاجیک تاش قرغان
Tashkurgan Xinjiang.JPG
Tashkurgan County (red) in Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Tashkurgan County (red) in Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Tashkurgan County is located in Xinjiang
Tashkurgan County
Tashkurgan County
Location of the seat in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 37°46′N 75°13′E / 37.767°N 75.217°E / 37.767; 75.217Coordinates: 37°46′N 75°13′E / 37.767°N 75.217°E / 37.767; 75.217
Country China
Region Xinjiang
Prefecture Kashgar
County seat Tashkurgan
Area
 • Total 52,400 km2 (20,200 sq mi)
Elevation 3,094 m (10,151 ft)
Population
 • Total 30,000
 • Density 0.57/km2 (1.5/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 845250
Area code(s) 998

Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County (sometimes spelled Tashkorgan, Taxkorgan, Taj Qurghan, etc.) is one of the counties of Kashgar Prefecture in western Xinjiang, China.

Geography[edit]

Tashkurgan County is located in the eastern part of the Pamir Plateau, where the Kunlun, Karakoram, Hindukush and Tian Shan mountains come together, at the borders with Afghanistan (Wakhan Corridor), Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan Province) and Pakistan (Gilgit-Baltistan). The county seat is Tashkurgan Town.

The territorial expansion of the county is 178 kilometres (111 mi) from north to south, and 140 kilometres (87 mi) from east to west, the total area is about 52,400 square kilometres (20,200 sq mi), at an average altitude above 4,000 metres (13,000 ft).

The Muztagh Ata, at 7,546 metres (24,757 ft), and the Kongur Tagh, at 7,719 metres (25,325 ft), are the main peaks in the county, while the two main rivers are the Taxkorgan River and the Tiznap (or Tiznef) River (Chinese: 提孜那甫河; pinyin: Tízīnàfǔ Hé). There are several hot springs and resources of gold, iron, and copper.

Climate[edit]

Tashkurgan has a cold desert climate (Köppen BWk), influenced by the high elevation, with long, very cold winters, and warm summers. Monthly daily average temperatures range from −11.9 °C (10.6 °F) in January to 16.4 °C (61.5 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 3.58 °C (38.4 °F). An average of only 68 millimetres (2.68 in) of precipitation falls per year

Climate data for Tashkurgan (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−1
(30)
6.0
(42.8)
12.8
(55)
16.7
(62.1)
20.5
(68.9)
23.7
(74.7)
23.3
(73.9)
18.6
(65.5)
11.6
(52.9)
4.8
(40.6)
−1.9
(28.6)
10.9
(51.6)
Average low °C (°F) −18.6
(−1.5)
−15.3
(4.5)
−7.3
(18.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.1
(37.6)
6.4
(43.5)
9.4
(48.9)
8.8
(47.8)
3.5
(38.3)
−3.8
(25.2)
−10.8
(12.6)
−16.6
(2.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3.2
(0.126)
2.6
(0.102)
2.4
(0.094)
4.8
(0.189)
8.0
(0.315)
15.5
(0.61)
11.3
(0.445)
9.6
(0.378)
6.0
(0.236)
2.1
(0.083)
.7
(0.028)
2.0
(0.079)
68.2
(2.685)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.1 2.4 2.2 2.5 5.1 6.8 6.2 4.6 2.9 1.7 .5 1.6 38.6
Source: Weather.com.cn

Population[edit]

Tashkurgan
Welcome to Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County.jpg
"Welcome to Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County"
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 塔什庫爾干塔吉克自治縣
Simplified Chinese 塔什库尔干塔吉克自治县
Uyghur name
Uyghur
تاشقۇرغان تاجىك ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى
Sarikoli name
Sarikoli [tɔʃqyrʁɔn tudʒik ɔftunum nɔja]
Tajik name
Tajik ناجیه خودمختار تاجیک تاشکورگان

The total population of Tashkurgan is 27,800, among them 84% Tajiks, 4% Han and 12% other nationalities. (Figures of 1995)

History[edit]

During the Han dynasty, Tashkurgan was known as Puli (Chinese: 蒲犁; pinyin: Púlí);[1] during the Tang dynasty, it was a protectorate of the Parthians, during the Yuan dynasty it was part of the Chaghatai empire. Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County was created in 1954 and is part of the district of Kashgar.

Museum[edit]

Museum of Tajik Autonomous County of Taskorgan, 2011.

In Tashkurgan Town there is a museum that houses a few local artifacts, a photographic display and, in the basement, two mummies – one of a young woman about 18, and another of a baby about 3 months old which, however, was not hers. They are labelled as dating from the Bronze Age to the Warring States period (475-221 BCE). The mummies were discovered in the nearby Xiabandi Valley on the old caravan route to Yarkand. The valley has now been flooded for a hydro-electric project.

Main villages[edit]

Conventional Sarikoli
(in IPA)
Uyghur
(K̢ona Yezik̢)
Uyghur
(Yenɡi Yezik̢)
Chinese Pinyin
Tashkurgan Town tɔʃqyrʁɔn تاشقۇرغان Taxk̡urƣan 塔什库尔干 Tǎshìkù'ěrgàn
Tagarma taʁarmi تاغارما Taƣarma 塔合曼鄉 Tǎhémàn
Tiznap tiznef تىزناپ Tiznap 提孜那甫 Tízīnàfǔ
Dafdar ðavðɔr دەفتەر Defter 达佈达尔 Dábùdá'ĕr
Weqa watʃa ۋەچە Weqe 瓦恰 Wǎqià
Baldir baldir بەلدىر baldir 班迪尔 Bāndí'ĕr
Maryang marjɔŋ مارياڭ Maryang 马尔洋 Mǎ'ĕryáng
Burumsal bryŋsol بۇرۇمسال Burumsal 布倫木沙鄉 Bùlúnmùshā
Datong tyŋ داتۇڭ Datung 大同鄉 Dàtóng
Koguxluk quʁuʃluʁ قوغۇشلۇق K̡oƣuxluk̡ 库克西力克 Kùkèxīlìkè
Kokyar kɔkjar كۆكيار قىرغىز يېزىسى Kɵkyar K̡irƣiz yezisi 科克亚尔柯尔克孜族乡 Kēkèyà'ěr Kē'ěrkèzīzú xiāng
Mazar mazur mutʃaŋ مازار Mazar 麻扎 Mázhā
mulin tʃaŋ

Transportation[edit]

The county is served by Karakoram Highway, which runs through Tashkurgan Town.

External links[edit]

In August 2013 the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences announced that they have excavated a cluster of Zoroastrian tombs in Xinjiang's Tashkurgan (or Taxkorgan) Tajik Autonomous County. According to Hans van Roon of Rotterdam, Netherlands, carbon dating indicates the tombs were constructed 2,500 years ago and are arranged on a platform, with lines of black and white stones stretching like sun rays. [2] Wu Xinhua, head of the archeology team is reported to have said: "The ray-like stone strings like sunshine and the black-and-white arrangement symbolize light and dark, good and evil. They are basic elements in Zoroastrian theory. They are clearly symbolic of Zoroastrianism." A "Zoroastrian "flame pot" a wooden pot with 15 round pebbles was also found and may be the oldest such pot ever discovered.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ See the discussions in Hill (2009), Note 20.2, pp. 394-401.
  2. ^ http://mongolschinaandthesilkroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/zoroastrian-tombs-found-in-xinji...

References[edit]

  • Hill, John E. (2009) Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, 1st to 2nd Centuries CE. BookSurge, Charleston, South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1.