Task Force 76
|This article is missing information about extensive history, and use of cited references as if only current nomenclature & formation is important. (August 2013)|
||This article contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate. (August 2009)|
||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (August 2009)|
|Task Force 76 / Amphibious Force U.S. Seventh Fleet / Expeditionary Strike Group SEVEN|
|Active||1943 to present|
|Country||United States of America|
|Branch||United States Navy|
|Type||Expeditionary Strike Group|
|Part of||United States Seventh Fleet|
|Garrison/HQ||White Beach Naval Facility|
|Motto||Forward From the Sea|
|Rear Admiral Jeffrey A. Harley|
Expeditionary Strike Group SEVEN/Task Force 76 (Amphibious Force U.S. SEVENTH Fleet) is a United States Navy task force. It is at one and the same time operationally a Task Force of the United States Seventh Fleet and administratively, the USN's only permanently forward-deployed Expeditionary Strike Group. It is based at the White Beach Naval Facility at the end of the Katsuren Peninsula in Uruma City, Okinawa, Japan.
- 1 History
- 2 Forward-deployed CTF 76 ships and commands
- 3 Task Force / Amphibious Group Commanders
- 4 References
- 5 External links
10 January 1943 – Southwest Pacific Amphibious Forces - later called the Seventh Amphibious Force is formed in Brisbane, Australia. Participated in Operation Chronicle, the landing at Lae, the landing at Scarlet Beach at Finschhafen, Battle of Arawe and Battle of Cape Gloucester on the island of New Britain,
1954 – CTF 76 participated in Passage to Freedom, the largest operation of its kind in history. Operation evacuated 310,000 people from communist-controlled North Vietnam to South Vietnam and carried 58,000 tons of cargo and humanitarian aid.
1965 – Participated in amphibious landings, assaults and demonstrations off the eastern coast of the Republic of Vietnam. Also cleared mines off the Vietnamese coast toward the end of the Vietnam War. Amphibious Ready Group Alpha, and its U.S. Marine contingent "Special Landing Force Alpha" or SLF-A often referred to as the "Sluff", during the Vietnam era) formed Task Group 76.4. TG 76.4 consisted of various support vessels, such as Landing Platform, Helicopter (LPHs) such as the USS Princeton (LPH-5), USS Okinawa (LPH-3) or USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2). Other vessels included LSTs (Landing Ship Tank) or LSD (Landing Ship Dock) supported a reinforced Marine Corps battalion referred to as a Battalion Landing Team (BLT). The Marine elements of the Group were referred to as Special Landing Force Alpha which itself consisted of the BLT and a Marine Helicopter Squadron. The ARG also included an Amphibious Group Command Ship (AGC) or the Amphibious Communication and Command Ship (LCC) which carried the Commander Amphibious Forces, Pacific Fleet and command and communications support facilities. Three AGCs and one LCC rotated to the Western Pacific and all four were involved in the amphibious landings by the LCC/AGC/SLF in Vietnam. The one LCC was USS Blue Ridge (LCC-19) and the three AGCs were USS Eldorado (AGC-11), USS Estes (AGC-12) and USS Mount McKinley (AGC-7).
1971 - Homeported to Okinawa, Japan
1975 – Rescued more than 100,000 people from Phnom Penh and Saigon (including in Operation Eagle Pull). Also assisted in recovery of the American-flagged SS Mayaguez after it was hijacked by the Cambodian Khmer Rouge in the Gulf of Thailand.
2005 – Forward Deployed Amphibious Ready Group returns to Sasebo, Japan following unscheduled eight-month surge deployment to North Persian Gulf in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and the Global War on Terrorism.
2005 – Forward Deployed ARG deploys for Fall Patrol. Conduct Amphibious Landing Exercise/Talon Vision (PHIBLEX/TV) 06 in the Republic of Philippines and then make a port visit to Hong Kong.
2006 – Forward Deployed ARG deploys for 5-month Spring Patrol, participating in TRUEX/MUEX in Guam, Balikatan 06 in the Republic of Philippines, Foal Eagle 06 in the Republic of Korea (ROK) and Cobra Gold in the Kingdom of Thailand.
2006 – USS Patriot and embarked Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit 5 Detachment (Det) 51 complete Summer Patrol throughout Southeast Asia, participating in Cobra Gold and WP-MCMEX in Malaysia, while making port visits to Brunei, Vietnam, Singapore and Hong Kong.
2007 - Forward Deployed ARG participates in joint exercises with the Republic of Korea, Kingdom of Thailand, Australia, Japan, Kingdom of Cambodia, Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Republic of the Philippines. Task Force 76 units also participated in Operation Sea Angel II, a disaster response mission in the People's Republic of Bangladesh.
2009 - Between 7 August and 18 October, Task Force 76 assigned forces supported Foreign Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief operations in Taiwan, Indonesia and the Republic of the Philippines.
2011 - Operation TOMODACHI: USS Essex (LHD-2), USS Tortuga (LSD-46), USS Harpers Ferry (LSD-49) and USS Germantown (LSD-42) were positioned off of north eastern Honshu to assist the disaster recovery efforts in conjunction with the Japan Self Defense Force.
2011 - USS Tortuga (LSD-46) assisted in flood relief efforts in Thailand along with elements of the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit.
2012 - Task Force 76 and assigned units directly participated in 12 bi-lateral exercises including Balikatan, Amphibious Landing Exercise, and Explosive Ordnance Disposal Exercise in the Republic of the Philippines, Cobra Gold in Thailand, Foal Eagle, Clear Horizon and Korean Interoperability Training Program in the Republic of Korea, Valiant Shied, Terminal Fury and Keen Sword in Japan.
Forward-deployed CTF 76 ships and commands
U.S. Fleet Activities Yokosuka, Japan
U.S. Fleet Activities Sasebo, Japan
- Amphibious Squadron ELEVEN
- USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD-6)
- USS Denver (LPD-9)
- USS Germantown (LSD-42)
- USS Ashland (LSD-48)
- Mine Countermeasure Squadron SEVEN
- USS Avenger (MCM-1)
- USS Defender (MCM-2)
- USS Patriot (MCM-7)
- Naval Beach Unit SEVEN
- Assault Craft Unit ONE, Detachment Western Pacific
- Assault Craft Unit FIVE, Detachment Western Pacific
- Beach Master Unit ONE, Detachment Western Pacific
- Fleet Surgical Team SEVEN
- Tactical Air Squadron TWELVE, Detachment Western Pacific
Pohang, Republic of Korea
- Helicopter Mine Countermeasures Squadron 14, Detachment ONE
Guam, United States
- Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit FIVE
- Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron TWO FIVE
Transiting Amphibious Ready Groups
- USS Boxer ARG (Transit February 2009)
Task Force / Amphibious Group Commanders
|• Rear Adm. Jeffrey A. Harley||(24 May 2012 - Present)|
|• Rear Adm. J. Scott Jones||(8 April 2011 – 24 May 12)|
|• Rear Adm. Richard B. Landolt||(23 June 2008 – 8 April 2011)|
|• Rear Adm. Carol M. Pottenger||(7 November 2006 – 23 June 2008)|
|• Rear Adm. Victor G. Guillory||(October 2004 - 7 November 2006)|
|• Rear Adm. Gary R. Jones||(July 2003 - October 2004)|
|• Rear Adm. Frederic R. Ruehe||(March 2002 - July 2003)|
|• Rear Adm. Paul S. Schultz||(Jun 2000 - March 2002)|
|• Rear Adm. Harry M. Highfill||(March 1998 - June 2000)|
- Command History, Seventh Amphibious Force, 10 January 1943 – 23 December 1945
- MacArthur's Amphibious Navy ~ Seventh Amphibious Force Operations 1943-1945, Vice Admiral Danie E. Barbey, USN (Ret), 1969
- Action Report - Iwo Jima, February, 1945