Task Force 80

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Task Force 80 (TF-80)
Active 1 October 2012 – present
Country  United States of America
Branch United States Navy Seal United States Navy
Type Task Force
Role Maritime Headquarters (MHQ)
Part of United States Fleet Forces Command
Garrison/HQ Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia
Commanders
Director Rear Admiral Bradley R. Gehrke, USN[1]

Task Force 80, abbreviated as TF-80, is the designation of several U.S. Navy task forces, with its current use associated with a major task force within the United States Fleet Forces Command headquartered at Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia.

Historical antecedents[edit]

Map of the Allied landings in Sicily code-named Operation Husky on 10 July 1943

During World War Two, Task Force 80 was the designation for the Western Naval Task Force, under the command of Vice Admiral Henry K. Hewitt, USN, during the Allied invasion of Sicily and Salerno landings, the first sustained land assault and invasion of the European continent undertaken by the Allied powers.[2] The Western Naval Task Force landed the U.S. Seventh Army under Lieutenant General George S. Patton, USA, on the southern coast of the island of Sicily on 10 July 1943.[3] This task force subsequently landed the U.S. Fifth Army under Lieutenant General Mark W. Clark, USA, in southern Italy near the seaport of Salerno on 9 September 1943.[4]

After World War Two, Task Force 80 was the designation for a 1948 joint Navy-Coast Guard task force consisting of the Wind-class icebreakers USCGC Edisto and USCGC Eastwind, as well as the Andromeda-class attack cargo ship USS Wyandot. This Task Force 80 resupplied weather stations at Thule, Greenland, and on Ellesmere Island while establishing a new weather station on the northern point of that island. Additionally, the ships performed reconnaissance for the establishment of additional weather stations, carried out cold-weather operations, tested equipment, and collected a variety of scientific data.[5][6][7][8]

Finally, Task Force 80 was the designation for the Naval Patrol and Protection of Shipping Force of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet during the Cold War and thereafter. This TF-80's mission was the coordination of the U.S. naval forces in order to protect merchant marine shipping from hostile action in the event of a theoretical third Battle of the Atlantic.[9][10][11]

Current usage[edit]

According to the executive summary of the commander's vision and guidance of October 2012, U.S. Fleet Forces Command is based upon the three tenets of war-fighting, forward operations, and readiness as set forth in the Navigation Plan 2013–2017 guidance from the Chief of Naval Operation.[12][13] To achieve these objectives, Fleet Forces Command was realigned to a command structure centered around a Maritime Operations Center and Maritime Headquarters.[12]

The Maritime Operations Center (MOC) is the lead agency for all phases of the pre-deployment fleet response training plan (FRTP) cycle involving those naval units assigned to the Fleet Forces Command. In essence, the MOC is responsible for the transition of all naval units from their operational phase to their tactical phase prior to their overseas deployment.[12][14]

The Maritime Headquarters (MHQ) is the lead agency for all phases prior to the pre-deployment training cycle, including resourcing, policy development, assessment, procurement, and pre-introduction of naval units assigned to the Fleet Forces Command. In essence, the MHQ is responsible for the transition of all naval units from their strategical phase to their operational phase prior to their pre-deployment training cycle.[12][14]

Consequently, effective 1 October 2012, Task Force 20 was re-designated as Task Force 80, a major task force within the U.S. Fleet Forces Command. TF-80 serves as the designation for the Maritime Headquarters (MHQ) component for Fleet Forces Command, and it is organized into the following task groups.[14] They are:

Ships of Carrier Strike Group Eight underway in the Atlantic Ocean during its pre-deployment composite training unit exercise (May 16, 2012)

Task Force 80 organizes its units in order to execute at-sea and other operational objectives conducted under command authority of the U.S. Navy. The commander of Task Force 80 is the director of the Maritime Headquarters staff, an active-duty two-star rear admiral.[14] When constituted as a joint task force for multi-service operations with the U.S. Northern Command, Task Force 80 will be re-designated as Task Force 180. TF-180's objective is to execute the Maritime Command Element (MCE) functions based on the U.S. eastern seaboard as directed by Joint Forces Maritime Component Commander North (JFMCC-N) who is also the Fleet Forces commander. Task Force 180 is supported in this task by applicable capabilities and assets provided from Fleet Operations Task Forces of the U.S. Fleet Forces Command when these fleet formations are acting as joint task forces.[14]

Other usage[edit]

See also: Thahan Phran

Naval Task Force 80 is the rapid deployment force for the Philippine Navy, with the capability to meet any contingencies throughout the Philippine archipelago.[16]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Rear Admiral Bradley R. Gehrke". Official Biography. United States Navy. 6 September 2013. Retrieved 2012-09-09. 
  2. ^ Morison 2011, pp. 385–394
  3. ^ Morison 2011, pp. 52–147
  4. ^ Morison 2011, pp. 225–314
  5. ^ "Edisto". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 2013-03-16. 
  6. ^ "Wyandot". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 2013-03-16. 
  7. ^ Kikkert, Peter; Lackenbauer, P. Whitney (2 October 2011). "Setting an Arctic Course: Task Force 80 and Canadian Control in the Arctic, 1948". Northern Mariner / Le Marin du Nord 21 (4). Retrieved 2013-03-16. 
  8. ^ Metcalf 1949
  9. ^ "Commander, Task Force 80 (CTF-80), Protection of Shipping Force, Naval Control and Protection of Shipping (NCAPS)". GlobalSecurity.org. May 7, 2011. Retrieved 2013-03-16. 
  10. ^ Polmar 1993, p. 34 (Table 6-3)
  11. ^ Department of Defense Handbook 2004, p. 298
  12. ^ a b c d Admiral William E. Gortney, USN (October 2012). "Commander's Vision and Guidance: Executive Summary". Retrieved 2012-03-17. "Pages 1—4." 
  13. ^ Admiral Jonathan Greenert, USN (2012). "CNO’s Navigation Plan 2013–2017". Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "USFF Commanders Guidance Brief to Senior Staff 17 Sep_FINAL". Scribd.com. September 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-15. "Slides 22, 43—49." 
  15. ^ "Rename and Modify Mission of Commander, Patrol and Reconnaissance Group Atlantic and Change Immediate Superior in Command of Patrol Squadron Three Zero". Documents. United States Navy. July 9, 2012. Retrieved 2013-10-08. "DNS-33/12U102106. Formerly known as Patrol and Reconnaissance Group Atlantic." 
  16. ^ "Philippine Navy". The Official Navy Field Philippine Forums. 2009. Retrieved 2013-03-16. 
Bibliography

Suggested reading[edit]

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