Tasmanian giant crab
|Tasmanian giant crab|
H. Milne-Edwards, 1834
Cancer gigas Lamarck, 1818
The Tasmanian giant crab, Pseudocarcinus gigas (sometimes known as the giant deepwater crab, giant southern crab or queen crab) is a very large species of crab that resides in the southern waters of Australia on the edge of the continental shelf at depths of 20–820 metres (66–2,690 ft), but mostly 140–270 metres (460–890 ft).
The Tasmanian giant crab is one of the largest crabs in the world, reaching a mass of 13 kilograms (29 lb) and a carapace width of up to 46 centimetres (18 in). It is the only species in the genus Pseudocarcinus. Males reach more than twice the size of females. It has a white shell with claws that are splashed in red. The females' shells change colour when they are producing eggs.
The Tasmanian giant crab feeds on slow-moving species such as gastropods, crustaceans and starfish. They breed in June and July, and the female carries the 0.5–2 million eggs for about four months.
The Tasmanian giant crab has been commercially fished in Tasmanian waters since 1992. Following concerns surrounding the sustainability of catch numbers, the total allowable catch was adjusted in 2004 to 62.1 tonnes (137,000 lb). Twenty-five operators competed for the catch in 2005, delivering a total catch valued at about A$2 million. The Tasmanian giant crab is very long-lived and slow-growing, making it vulnerable to overfishing.
- Peter Davie (2010). "Pseudocarcinus gigas (Lamarck, 1818)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
- Palomares, M. L. D. and Pauly, D., eds. (2013). "Pseudocarcinus gigas" in SeaLifeBase. December 2013 version.
- P. K. L. Ng, D. Guinot & P. J. F. Davie (2008). "Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant Brachyuran crabs of the world". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 17: 1–286.
- Currie, D.R., and Ward, T.M. (April 2009) South Australian Giant Crab (Pseudocarcinus gigas) Fishery. Fishery Assessment Report for PIRSA. Retrieved 9 December 2013
- "Giant crab fishery". Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment. December 15, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
- Media related to Pseudocarcinus gigas at Wikimedia Commons