Tasmanian state election, 1992

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Tasmanian state election, 1992
Tasmania
1989 ←
1 February 1992 → 1996

All 35 seats to the House of Assembly
  First party Second party Third party
  Bob Brown profile.png
Leader Ray Groom Michael Field Bob Brown
Party Liberal Labor Ind. Green
Leader since 17 December 1991 14 December 1988 1983
Leader's seat Denison Braddon Denison
Last election 17 seats 13 seats 5 seats
Seats won 19 seats 11 seats 5 seats
Seat change Increase2 Decrease2 Steady0
Percentage 54.11% 28.85% 13.23%
Swing Increase7.19 Decrease5.86 Decrease3.9

Premier before election

Michael Field
Labor

Elected Premier

Ray Groom
Liberal

Elections for the Tasmanian House of Assembly were held on 1 February 1992. The incumbent Australian Labor Party minority government, headed by Michael Field hoped to secure a majority and second term.

Prior to the election the Labor Party was in minority government, supported by five Green independents in a loose alliance referred to as the Labor-Green Accord. The Labor Party held 13 seats and the Greens 5 out of 35 a combined majority of 18. The Liberal Party of Australia held 17 of the 35 seats.

The Labor minority government had spent much of their term focusing on economic reform. The priority of the Field government was reducing state debt, which had the support of the Greens. Government cuts in spending, were able to help Tasmania reach its debt servicing commitments, but were a source of discontent in the community. The minority government succeeded until late 1991 when lobbying from the forestry industry caused Field to introduce legislation to protect the industry from conservation. The legislation had the support of the Liberal Party and passed both houses easily. However the Greens then refused to support Field, the alliance broke down and Labor called an election for February 1992.

The Liberal Party needed to win only one seat at this election to be returned into majority, the Labor Party needed 5, the Liberals needed a primary vote swing of about 4.5% to gain this extra seat.

The Labor Party was headed by Michael Field. The Green independents were led by Bob Brown. The Liberal Party was led by Ray Groom.

Minor parties contesting this election included Advance Tasmania; which ran candidates in each electorate. A political party called "More Jobs" fielded candidates in Denison.

Results[edit]

The result saw a swing against the Labor Party and the Greens in the direction of the Liberal Party. The 7.19% swing in favour of the Liberals; assured that Ray Groom would have a secure majority in the next state parliament.

Although the Greens suffered a 3.90% swing against them, their primary vote of 13.23% statewide was above the required quota for election, and it was only in Bass and Braddon that they depended on a large flow of preferences to hold their seats.

The Labor Party polled poorly with a net loss of two members. The party lost four members; Michael Weldon in Braddon, former Premier Harry Holgate and Jim Cox in Bass, David Crean in Denison. The party gained two members; Gill James in Bass and Julian Amos in Denison. The fall in the Labor vote could be attributed to the instability of the Labor-Green accord, but also because of government spending cuts.

Minor parties and Independents collectively had an increase in votes, but were far from reaching the required quota for election.

Tasmanian state election, 1 February 1992
House of Assembly
<< 19891996 >>

Enrolled voters 314,579
Votes cast 298,779 Turnout 94.97 +1.90
Informal votes 13,557 Informal 4.54 –0.81
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes  % Swing Seats Change
  Liberal 154,337 54.11 +7.19 19 + 2
  Labor 82,296 28.85 –5.86 11 – 2
  Ind. Green 37,742 13.23 –3.90 5 ± 0
  Advance Tasmania 7,263 2.55 +2.55 0 ± 0
  More Jobs 356 0.12 +0.12 0 ± 0
  Independent 3,228 1.13 +0.79 0 ± 0
Total 285,222     35  

Distribution of Seats[edit]

Electorate Seats won
Bass              
Braddon              
Denison              
Franklin              
Lyons              
  Labor
  Liberal
  Green

See also[edit]

References[edit]