Tatarbunary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Tatarbunary (Ukrainian: Татарбунари; Romanian: Tatarbunar; Russian: Татарбунары, Turkish: Tatarpınarı) is a small town in the Odessa Oblast (province) of south-western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Tatarbunarskyi Raion (district), and is located north of the Danube Delta, in Budjak area, approximately 100 kilometers (62 mi) south-west of the oblast center, Odessa.

The word "Tatarbunary" means "Tatar Wells" in South Slavic languages, with "bunar" borrowed from Turkic "pınar", "well". The name Tatarbunar is mentioned by Dimitrie Cantemir in his work Descriptio Moldaviae (1714-1716).

The current estimated population is around 10,800 (as of 2001).

History[edit]

The settlement appears to have been founded in the 16th century[citation needed], when the Principality of Moldavia, became dependent of the Ottoman Empire. Later it was annexed by the Russian Empire in 1812 along with Bessarabia (eastern half of the Principality of Moldavia). In the wake of the Russian Revolution, the region was claimed by the Moldavian Democratic Republic, the Ukrainian People's Republic and the Odessa Soviet Republic. Ultimately occupied by Romanian troops in mid February 1918, it formally became part of the Kingdom of Romania in March, after a regional council in Chişinău proclaimed the whole of Bessarabia united with the latter. During 1924, the settlement was the site of a peasants' revolt known as the Tatarbunary Uprising.

In 1940, following Soviet Ultimatum the city and the Budzhak region was transferred to the USSR and incorporated into Ukrainian SSR as Akkerman Oblast. In 1941-44 it was occupied by Romania following Axis attack on the Soviet Union.

In 1978, Tatarbunary obtained town status.

Coordinates: 45°51′N 29°37′E / 45.850°N 29.617°E / 45.850; 29.617