Tatiana Day

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Tatiana Day
RIAN archive 113828 Students' holiday, St. Tatyana's Day and the 250th anniversary of Moscow State University named after M. Lomonosov..jpg
Students of Lomonosov Moscow State University celebrating Tatyana's Day.
Official name Day of Russian students
Also called Students day
Observed by in Russia
Significance Russian Students Day
Date January 25
Next time 25 January 2015 (2015-01)
Frequency annual
Related to Eastern Orthodox liturgical days

Tatiana Day (Russian: Татьянин день, Tatyanin den' ) is a Russian religious holiday observed on January 25 according to the Gregorian calendar, January 12 according to the Julian. It is named after Saint Tatiana, a Christian martyr in 3rd century Rome during the reign of Emperor Alexander Severus. [1]

In 1755 on the name day of Ivan Shuvalov's mother Tatiana Rodionovna, his mistress Empress Elizabeth of Russia endorsed his petition to establish a university in Moscow. Shuvalov was Minister of Education.[2] The church of Saint Tatiana was later built in the university campus.[3] A traditional service is conducted at the University’s church on the 25th of January, [4] followed by speeches and the awarding of prizes.

The Russian Orthodox Church declared Saint Tatiana the patron saint of students,[5] and Tatiana Day has become celebrated as Russian Students Day. The observance has a long tradition of festive activities. In 1885, Chekhov wrote, "This year everything was drunk, except the water from the Moscow river, and only because it was frozen".[2] Parties begin with a traditional honey-based mead.[6] Although originating in Moscow, St. Tatiana's Day celebrations have spread to most university towns.

Coincidentally 25 January is also end of the first term of traditional academic year for Russian students[5] - the end of winter exams session, followed by a two-week winter holiday.

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