Tatra Electric Railway
|Tatra Electric Railway|
|Infrastructure company||Železnice Slovenskej republiky (ŽSR)|
|Major operators||Železničná spoločnosť Slovensko (ZSSK)|
|Total||35 km (22 mi)|
|Electrified||35 km (22 mi)|
|1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge||Whole network|
|1,500 V DC||Whole network|
|Highest elevation||1,350 m (4,430 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||670 m (2,200 ft)|
The Tatra Electric Railway (Slovak: Tatranská elektrická železnica), colloquially Tatra Railway, is an electrified (1500 V DC) single track narrow gauge railway 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) in the Slovak part of the Tatra mountains. It consists of two parts:
After the completion of the Košice-Bohumín Railway in 1871 and of Poprad - Kežmarok in 1892, the High Tatras were easier to access, and tourism expanded, which required accessibility. In 1896, a rack railway from Štrbské Pleso to Štrba was built.
Finally, it was decided to build an electrified, narrow gauge railway from Poprad to Starý Smokovec. Construction started in 1906 and the track was opened in 1908. The branch line from Starý Smokovec to Tatranská Lomnica was opened in 1911 and the final extension from Starý Smokovec to Štrbské Pleso was opened in 1912. At that time, the railway was used for passenger, as well as for cargo transport.
In the second half of the 1960s, the railway underwent major reconstruction during preparations for the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in 1970. Since 1970, the railway provides only passenger service.
Train stop in Tatranské Zruby
- Catchpole, Paul (1998). Steam and Rail in Slovakia. Kings Norton, Birmingham, England: Locomotives International. ISBN 1-900340-08-9.
- "Reportáže - História: Po stopách Tatranských elektrických železníc - I. časť" [Reports - History: In the Footsteps of the Tatra electric railways - part I]. Railpage.net. Retrieved 30 September 2010. (Slovak)
- "Slovensko: Po stopách Tatranských elektrických železníc - II. časť" [Slovakia: In the Footsteps of the Tatra electric railways - part II]. Railpage.net. Retrieved 30 September 2010. (Slovak)
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