Hilltop view of the south of Tatsfield
Houses and place of worship by the tree-lined village pond and green
Tatsfield shown within Surrey
|Area||13.36 km2 (5.16 sq mi)|
|Population||1,863 (Civil Parish)|
|- Density||139 /km2 (360 /sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|- London||16 miles (26 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||East Surrey|
Tatsfield is a village in the Tandridge district of Surrey, England centred 1.5 miles (2.4 km) inwards (north) of the Clacket Lane services on the M25 London Orbital Motorway, which are between junctions 5 and 6. The parish reaches in a spur, outside of the M25.
The village is on the North Downs with a main nucleus, near its highest point, at altitude of around 230 metres (750 ft) centred almost 1 mile north of the North Downs's steep south slope and the North Downs Way which passes through the parish. The 'village' area is in a small salient of Surrey into Greater London which is bordered by the London Borough of Bromley (to the west, north and east). Biggin Hill is immediately to the north. The boundary with Kent is also near the village, less than 1/2 mile to the east, and the village forms part of the Westerham post town, which gave Tatsfield residents postal addresses once associated with Kent until 1992 when the old postal county names, those relevant to the post towns, became irrelevant in UK postal addresses.
The origin of the village name is uncertain. The English Place Name Society suggests it is derived from 'a field or open land belonging to one Tatol' (possibly a nickname meaning the lively one) The word 'field' denotes a clearing in The Weald, a main Anglo-Saxon forest. An alternative explanation is that the earliest community began on the hill with church, manor house and rectory. The name could therefore derive from Totehylefelde – meaning a look-out place in a clearing. The appearance of Tot-hyl in a place name is a reference to a watch hill and quite possibly to the whole system of Anglo-Saxon civil defence involving beacons, watch hill and army roads. Tatsfield appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Tatelefelle.
In Anglo-Saxon England, Tatsfield lay within Tandridge hundred. In 1086 it was held by Anschitill (Ansketel) de Ros from the Bishop of Bayeux. Its Domesday assets were: ½ hide. It had 2 ploughs. It rendered 60 shillings (£3) to its feudal overlords per year.
During the mid 14th century the manor was held by Rhodri ap Gruffudd, brother of the last native Prince of Wales, and his descendants. Thomas Retherick's heir was his son Owen, also called 'de Gales' (of Wales), who in 1366, during the war with France, left England to join the king's enemies in that country, and before going likewise released all his right in the reversion of the manor to Roger de Stanyngden and his heirs. Thus in 1392 a grant of the manor of Tatsfield, which was alleged to have been long-concealed, was made by the Crown to John Maudelyn.
In 1416–17 John de Stanyngden or Stalkynden conveyed his rights in the manor to John Uvedale. William Uvedale inherited on his father's death in 1616. He conveyed the manor to a later Sir John Gresham (see Gresham baronets), before passing under his nephew, Marmaduke Gresham's will. From his son and co-heir, Sir Isaac Shard acquired it in 1717. 1759 Isaac Pacatus Shard wanted a sale; his heir William put it up for sale with three farms containing 500 acres (200 ha) let at £190 a year and 40 acres (16 ha) of wood. It was acquired via a Mr Butler by the last in the line of Greshams (see Calcotts below). The ancient manor-house, called Tatsfield Court Lodge, stood near the church and was pulled down by this last Baronet, Sir John before his death in 1801, and a new house was built at the foot of the hill, near the Pilgrims' Way.
Calcotts was a capital mansion belonging to the collegiate church of Lingfield at the Dissolution of the monasteries worth £3 6s. 8d a year. On the surrender of its master, Edward Colepeper, LL.D., in 1544, the college and its possessions were granted by the king to Thomas Cawarden, a gentleman of the Privy Chamber. In 1560 its heir sold it to, William Lord Howard of Effingham, who sold it in 1564 to Sir Richard Sackville, kt. The latter died on 20 April 1566 and was succeeded by his son Thomas Sackville, Lord Buckhurst. On 22 June 1575 the latter sold Calcotts with associated Paynters in Westerham to Walter Henley. The Henleys kept it until 1598, when Richard Henley sold it to Thomas Gresham of Limpsfield for £690 (equivalent to £113,152 in 2013) yet reserving to himself land called Eades Croft, on Westmore Green, Tatsfield, which was then in the tenure of Joan Burstow, widow. In 1801 their senior descendant being a daughter, led to its passage to a junior branch of the Leveson-Gowers (not the Dukes of Sutherland) until parted with during the 20th century.
Lovested Down or Lusted was a large estate, with mansion in Cudham, seen in a rental of Titsey dated 19 November 1401, of Merton Priory. At the Dissolution of the monasteries the priory held wood to the value of 4s. a year here. In 1553 Sir John Gresham devised to his son William, after the death of his wife Katherine, "the farm in Surrey and Kent where Steven of Lusted dwelt", for which he paid £10 a year. Sir Marmaduke Gresham, by his will dated 14 January 1696, gave Lusted to his son Charles and daughter Alice Gresham. It was owned in 1891 by Jeremiah Dummett.
In 1929, the BBC built its understandable misnomer 'Tatsfield Monitoring (Receiving) Station' just outside the village in fields in the parish of Titsey, and its masts and shortwave aerials were a prominent local landmark. The station closed in 1974 when its work was merged with that of BBC Monitoring's receiving station at Crowsley Park in Berkshire. Some evidence of the derelict remains of the BBC station can still be seen.
A number of ancient routes cross the parish. The best studied is the London to Lewes Way west of the village centre. It was constructed about 100 AD between the mentioned towns/settlements 44 miles (71 km). (Part of this Roman road forms the county boundary here, with Greater London to its east and another part of Surrey to the west.) One other trackway appears also to be of importance: this is the Biggin Hill to Titsey route, which is straight in places, and as is pointed out in the Victoria County History (1912) provides a direct connection between the Roman road at the entrance to the village and the two villa sites in Titsey Park.
There are two shops, a bakery, a pub, and a village club. Little St. Mary's is Tatsfield's local church, which for many years has played host to a dual congregation of Roman Catholics and Anglicans. This small Norman church sits atop of the rolling hills of the North Downs. The Village Hall is the focal point for a number of clubs and societies, such as the Tatsfield Table Tennis Club and the Not So Young Club.
A school opened next to the Village Hall in 2010.
A tourist attraction is Beaver Water World, a zoo which in addition to beavers exhibits reptiles and birds. Until its death in 2006, the most famous of these cold-blooded residents was an alligator called Big Boy, which appeared in the James Bond film Live and Let Die.
Tatsfield is twinned with Vern-d'Anjou in France.
Demography and housing
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||shared between households|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).
- Donald Maclean a British diplomat who defected to Russia in May 1951
- Rev Thomas Streatfeild Antiquarian
- John Surtees, former Grand Prix motorcyclist
- Jay Aston, member of 80s pop group Bucks Fizz
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Surrey Domesday Book
- H.E. Malden (editor) (1912). "Parishes: Tatsfield". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- "The BBC Engineering Measurement and Receiving Station at Tatsfield" Recollections of BBC engineering from 1922 to 1997
- "The BBC Engineering Measurement and Receiving Station at Tatsfield" BBC Engineering Information Department pamphlet, 1961
- Information relating to the Tatsfield Monitoring Station BBC response to Freedom of Information request, January 2010
- Derelict Places Tatsfield Monitoring Station
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tatsfield.|