Tatu Vanhanen (born April 17, 1929 in Vuoksenranta, Finland, now Ozyorskoye, Russia) is a Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Tampere in Tampere, Finland. Vanhanen is a co-author (with Richard Lynn) of IQ and the Wealth of Nations (2002) and IQ and Global Inequality (2006), and author of Ethnic Conflicts Explained by Ethnic Nepotism (1999) and many other works. His son, Matti Vanhanen, is a former Prime Minister of Finland.
Vanhanen developed interest in evolutionary biology after studying Edward O. Wilson's sociobiology and later in his career wrote about intelligence and inequality. However, most of his academic works are about democratization which he has studied with international comparative methods. Vanhanen is known for his Index of Democratization.
In 2004, the Ombudsman of Minorities Mikko Puumalainen wished that the police would start an investigation on Vanhanen's interview with a Helsingin Sanomat magazine Kuukausiliite, in which he stated that "Whereas the average IQ of Finns is 97, in Africa it is between 60 and 70. Differences in intelligence are the most significant factor in explaining poverty". The Finnish National Bureau of Investigations was considering to launch a preliminary investigation on Vanhanen's speech but later decided not to, not finding a reason to see he would have incited hatred against an ethnic group or committed any other crime.
Bibliography in English
- Political and Social Structures: American Countries, 1850-1973. Tampere University Press, 1975. ISBN 9514403010
- Political and Social Structures. : Part 2 : European countries 1850-1974. Tampere University Press, 1976. ISBN 9514404130
- Multi-party democracy in action, Tampere University Press, 1978. ISBN 9514406931
- Power and the means of power : a study of 119 Asian, European, American, and African states, 1850-1975. University Microfilms International, 1979. ISBN 0835703983
- The Process of Democratization: A Comparative Study of 147 States 1980–1988. Crane Russak, 1990. ISBN 084481640X
- Politics of ethnic nepotism : India as an example. Sterling Publishing, 1991. ISBN 8120711769
- Strategies of democratization. Taylor & Francis, 1992. ISBN 0844817201
- On the evolutionary roots of politics. Sterling Publishing, 1992 ISBN 8120714210
- Democratization in Eastern Europe : domestic and international perspectives. Routledge, 1994. ISBN 0415110645. (with Geoffrey Pridham).
- Prospects of democracy : a study of 172 countries. Routledge, 1997. ISBN 0-41514406X.
- Ethnic Conflicts Explained by Ethnic Nepotism. Emerald Group Publishing, 1999. ISBN 0-762305835.
- IQ and the wealth of nations. Praeger, 2002. ISBN 0-275-97510-X (with Richard Lynn).
- Democratization: A Comparative Analysis of 170 Countries. Routledge, 2003. ISBN 0-415318602.
- IQ and Global Inequality. Washington Summit Publishers, 2006. ISBN 1-593680252 (with Richard Lynn).
- The limits of democratization : climate, intelligence, and resource distribution. Washington Summit Publishers, 2009. ISBN 978-1-593680317.
- Intelligence: A Unifying Construct for the Social Sciences. Ulster Institute for Social Research, 2012. ISBN 978-0-956881175 (with Richard Lynn).
- Global Inequality as a Consequence of Human Diversity: A New Theory Tested by Empirical Evidence. Ulster Institute for Social Research, 2014. ISBN 978-0-957391374.
- Tatu Vanhanens 'Index of Democratization' ALS Beispiel Einer Demokratiemessung (in German). GRIN Verlag. 2013. ISBN 3640530942.
- "Comments in interview could bring charges of inciting racism against PM Vanhanen's father". Helsingin Sanomat. August 12, 2004. Retrieved July 19, 2014.
- "KRP ei aloita esitutkintaa Vanhasen lausunnoista". National Bureau of Investigation (in Finnish). August 18, 2004. Retrieved July 19, 2014.
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