Tatyana Shikolenko (Russian: Татьяна Шиколенко; born May 10, 1968 in Krasnodar) is a retired Russianjavelin thrower whose greatest success was World Championship two silver medals. Her personal best throw of 67.20 metres was achieved in 2000. She battled primarily with Mirela Manjani, who captured the gold medal on both the "silvery" occasions.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union Tatyana Shikolenko represented Belarus for a while until switching nationality to her birth country Russia in 1996. Her sister Natalya also achieved distinction in javelin throwing; she however remained a Belarusian citizen.