Tauberbischofsheim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tauberbischofsheim
Centre of the town with the tower and castle
Centre of the town with the tower and castle
Coat of arms of Tauberbischofsheim
Coat of arms
Tauberbischofsheim   is located in Germany
Tauberbischofsheim
Tauberbischofsheim
Coordinates: 49°37′21″N 09°39′46″E / 49.62250°N 9.66278°E / 49.62250; 9.66278Coordinates: 49°37′21″N 09°39′46″E / 49.62250°N 9.66278°E / 49.62250; 9.66278
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Main-Tauber-Kreis
Subdivisions 7 Stadtteile
Government
 • Mayor Wolfgang Vockel
Area
 • Total 69.31 km2 (26.76 sq mi)
Elevation 183 m (600 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 12,666
 • Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 97941
Dialling codes 09341
Vehicle registration TBB (Main-Tauber-Kreis)
Website www.tauberbischofsheim.de

Tauberbischofsheim is a German town in the north-east of Baden-Württemberg on the river Tauber with a population of about 13,000. It is the capital of the Main-Tauber district.

The town was first mentioned in a biography of Saint Lioba in 836. It bears its name ("bishop's place") due to its close relation to bishop Saint Boniface. Boniface brought his relative Lioba to the town around 735, where she became abbess of a monastery. To distinguish the town from other towns named Bischofsheim, the name of the river Tauber was added to the name later.

Some relics of the medieval city wall, particularly a tower called Türmersturm can be viewed.

For many years the town was home to the Tauberbischofsheim altarpiece, a monumental piece of German renaissance art by Master Mathis now kept in the Karlsruhe Kunsthalle.

Tauberbischofsheim is famous for its fencers, who have won several Olympic medals and world championships.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Tauberbischofsheim is located in the Tauberfranken region of Franconia.

A panorama of Tauberbischofsheim.

Constituent Communities[edit]

Tauberbischofsheim consists of the town of Tauberbischofsheim, as well as Dienstadt, Distelhausen, Dittigheim, Dittwar, Hochhausen and Impfingen. The boundaries of these districts are the same as that of the former municipalities of the same name.

Districts[edit]

The six districts were incorporated to Tauberbischofsheim during the local government reform in Baden-Württemberg in the 1970s:

  • July 1, 1971: Hochhausen and Impfingen
  • January 1, 1972: Dienstadt
  • January 1, 1975: Distelhausen, Dittigheim and Dittwar

Dienstadt[edit]

Wappen Dienstadt.png

Dienstadt has 335 residents and is located west of Tauberbischofsheim.

Dienstadt was first mentioned in 1314 as Diestadt, in 1341 it was renamed Dienstadt.


Distelhausen[edit]

Wappen Distelhausen.png

Distelhausen has 983 residents and is located south of Tauberbischofsheim.

Distelhausen is home to the Distelhäuser Brewery. [2]


Dittigheim[edit]

Wappen Dittigheim.png

Dittigheim has 1042 residents and is located south of Tauberbischofsheim. Prehistoric grave finds from the Neolithic period show that the area has been inhabited for 4000 years. Dittigheim was first mentioned in 772. Dittigheim is home to the baroque church of St. Vitus, which was built in 1748 by Balthasar Neumann, and several ornate shrines.


Dittwar[edit]

Wappen Dittwar.png

Dittwar has 788 residents and is located south-west of Tauberbischofsheim. Dittwar was first mentioned in 1169 as Ditebure (dit (mhd) = people / common / usually; bure (mhd) = farmer / neighbour) . The name evolved to Dydebuor in 1343, Dytbuer in 1368, Dietbur in 1371, Dytewure in 1383, Dietwar in 1407, and finally Dittwar in 1615. The first mention Dittwar is related to the donation of the Castrum Dietebure by Count Henricus de Luden to the Prince-Bishop of Würzburg.


Hochhausen[edit]

Wappen Hochhausen.png

Hochhausen has 788 residents and is located north of Tauberbischofsheim. Hochhausen was first mentioned in 780 in the Codex Eberhardi and the first written record of high Hausen dates back to 1149.


Impfingen[edit]

Wappen Impfingen.png

Impfingen has 788 residents and is located north of Tauberbischofsheim.

Culture[edit]

Tauberbischofsheim is part of the Romantic Road (German: Romantische Straße), a highway that connects many scenic cities and towns.

Architecture[edit]

The marketplace.

In the old town, which was formerly surrounded by a wall, there are many historical buildings. The Tauberbischofsheim Castle dates back to second half of the 13th century. The marketplace is encircled by Half-Timbered houses and the Neo-Gothic town hall. The parish church of St. Martin (German: Stadtpfarrkirche St. Martin) was completed in 1914 after it's predecessor burnt down. The Neo-Gothic church contains works of art from many past churches including an altar from the Ulmer workshop of Niklaus Weckmann the Elder with panel paintings by Hans Schäufelein, a Madonna by Hans Multscher and a copy of the Tauberbischofsheim altarpiece by Matthias Grünewald. The oldest church in the city is the Peterskapelle, built in the 12th century.

The town hall.
Stadtpfarrkirche St. Martin

People from Tauberbischofsheim[edit]

References[edit]