||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (February 2009)|
Centre of the town with the tower and castle
|• Mayor||Wolfgang Vockel|
|• Total||69.31 km2 (26.76 sq mi)|
|Elevation||183 m (600 ft)|
|• Density||180/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||TBB (Main-Tauber-Kreis)|
The town was first mentioned in a biography of Saint Lioba in 836. It bears its name ("bishop's place") due to its close relation to bishop Saint Boniface. Boniface brought his relative Lioba to the town around 735, where she became abbess of a monastery. To distinguish the town from other towns named Bischofsheim, the name of the river Tauber was added to the name later.
Tauberbischofsheim is located in the Tauberfranken region of Franconia.
Tauberbischofsheim consists of the town of Tauberbischofsheim, as well as Dienstadt, Distelhausen, Dittigheim, Dittwar, Hochhausen and Impfingen. The boundaries of these districts are the same as that of the former municipalities of the same name.
The six districts were incorporated to Tauberbischofsheim during the local government reform in Baden-Württemberg in the 1970s:
- July 1, 1971: Hochhausen and Impfingen
- January 1, 1972: Dienstadt
- January 1, 1975: Distelhausen, Dittigheim and Dittwar
Dienstadt has 335 residents and is located west of Tauberbischofsheim.
Dienstadt was first mentioned in 1314 as Diestadt, in 1341 it was renamed Dienstadt.
Distelhausen has 983 residents and is located south of Tauberbischofsheim.
Dittigheim has 1042 residents and is located south of Tauberbischofsheim. Prehistoric grave finds from the Neolithic period show that the area has been inhabited for 4000 years. Dittigheim was first mentioned in 772. Dittigheim is home to the baroque church of St. Vitus, which was built in 1748 by Balthasar Neumann, and several ornate shrines.
Dittwar has 788 residents and is located south-west of Tauberbischofsheim. Dittwar was first mentioned in 1169 as Ditebure (dit (mhd) = people / common / usually; bure (mhd) = farmer / neighbour) . The name evolved to Dydebuor in 1343, Dytbuer in 1368, Dietbur in 1371, Dytewure in 1383, Dietwar in 1407, and finally Dittwar in 1615. The first mention Dittwar is related to the donation of the Castrum Dietebure by Count Henricus de Luden to the Prince-Bishop of Würzburg.
Hochhausen has 788 residents and is located north of Tauberbischofsheim. Hochhausen was first mentioned in 780 in the Codex Eberhardi and the first written record of high Hausen dates back to 1149.
Impfingen has 788 residents and is located north of Tauberbischofsheim.
In the old town, which was formerly surrounded by a wall, there are many historical buildings. The Tauberbischofsheim Castle dates back to second half of the 13th century. The marketplace is encircled by Half-Timbered houses and the Neo-Gothic town hall. The parish church of St. Martin (German: Stadtpfarrkirche St. Martin) was completed in 1914 after it's predecessor burnt down. The Neo-Gothic church contains works of art from many past churches including an altar from the Ulmer workshop of Niklaus Weckmann the Elder with panel paintings by Hans Schäufelein, a Madonna by Hans Multscher and a copy of the Tauberbischofsheim altarpiece by Matthias Grünewald. The oldest church in the city is the Peterskapelle, built in the 12th century.
People from Tauberbischofsheim
- Emil Beck, (1935 – 2006), national fencing team head coach of Germany during many Olympic games and world championships.
- Thomas Bach, the ninth and current president of the IOC
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