Taunggyi

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Taunggyi
တောင်ကြီးမြို့
A view of Taunggyi
A view of Taunggyi
Taunggyi is located in Burma
Taunggyi
Taunggyi
Location of Taunggyi, Myanmar
Coordinates: 20°47′N 97°02′E / 20.783°N 97.033°E / 20.783; 97.033
Country  Myanmar
Division Shan State
District Taunggyi District
Township Taunggyi Township
Founded 1894
Elevation 4,590 ft (1,400 m)
Population
 • Total 345,593
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Burmese Chinese, Shan, Burmese Indians, Gurkha
 • Religions Buddhism, Christianity, Islam
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Taunggyi (Burmese: တောင်ကြီးမြို့; MLCTS: taung kri: mrui. [tàʊɴdʑí mjo̰]; Shan: ဝဵင်းတွင်ႇၵျီး [weŋ tɔŋ kji]), is the capital of Shan State, Myanmar. Taunggyi has an estimated population of 345,593 as of 2013,[1] making it the fifth largest city in Myanmar (with Pathein, Mawlamyine),[1] and is at an elevation of 4,712 feet (1,436 m) above sea level. The name Taunggyi means "huge mountain" in the Burmese language, and is named after the ridge on the east of the city, part of the Shan Hills system, whose prominent high point is called Taung-chun or "The Spur." Locally this spur is popularly known as Phaya Taung. The ridge has a more prominent and more popular feature known as Chauk Talone, meaning the Craigs.

Although within the Shan State, the Shans are not the predominant population of this city. The Inthas and the Pa-Ohs, who are also the original inhabitants of the Shan Plateau, form the most visible population. They however are culturally and linguistically different from the Shan. Recently there has been a flood of Chinese immigrants. Taunggyi lies within the Myelat region of Shan State.

History[edit]

Prior to British colonisation, Taunggyi was a small village of a few huts. The area lay on a wide shoulder of the Sittaung Hills of the Shan Hills and was populated by the Shan ethnicity at the time. The signs of the original village of Taunggyi are long gone, but nearby villages can still be discerned quite easily.

During British occupation, the town became the chief city and capital of the Southern Shan States. Taunggyi's modern development began in 1894, when the British moved their administrative offices from Maing Thauk (Fort Stedman) on the eastern shores of Inle Lake to the higher elevation of Taunggyi, for health and geographical reasons. Although geographically within the state of Yawnghwe, the town was denoted as a "notified area" by the British, exempt from the Sawbwa's administration. By 1906, there existed a thousand houses. Because of civil unrest throughout the Shan States during the early 1900s, Taunggyi served as the chief garrison for military police. Taunggyi also served as a supply centre for the Shan States, and catered to persons of many nationalities.

Climate[edit]

Taunggyi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, although the winter months (December–February) are milder and nights can be quite cool. There is a winter dry season (December–March) and a summer wet season (April–November). It is commonly believed that the local weather is one of the nicest in the whole country.

Climate data for Taunggyi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.9
(71.4)
24.1
(75.4)
27.2
(81)
28.8
(83.8)
26.7
(80.1)
24.4
(75.9)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
24.2
(75.6)
24.0
(75.2)
22.8
(73)
20.8
(69.4)
24.3
(76.8)
Average low °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
9.1
(48.4)
12.6
(54.7)
15.8
(60.4)
17.1
(62.8)
17.3
(63.1)
17.0
(62.6)
17.1
(62.8)
16.7
(62.1)
15.9
(60.6)
12.2
(54)
8.2
(46.8)
13.9
(57.0)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
7
(0.28)
51
(2.01)
166
(6.54)
217
(8.54)
230
(9.06)
303
(11.93)
281
(11.06)
200
(7.87)
76
(2.99)
11
(0.43)
1,552
(61.11)
Source: HKO (1961–1990)[2]

Transportation[edit]

The main access to Taunggyi is by the mountainous road. A railway line that passes through Taunggyi was recently built in 1995, but at the moment it offers no passenger service to Taunggyi. Regular railway passenger service to the rest of the country is through the town of Shwenyaung, 12 miles (19 km) to the west. The nearest airport is in the town of Heho, 24 mi (39 km) about an hour driving distance, by road to the west of Taunggyi.

Culture[edit]

The Guan Yin Buddhist Monastery (Kwan Yin Si Hpaya Kyaung) in Taunggyi serves the local Chinese community.
St. Joseph's Cathedral in Taunggyi serves as the headquarters of the Archdiocese of Taunggyi.

Taunggyi is the melting pot for the Myelat area of the Shan State. In addition to the indigenous Pa-O and Intha, there is a significant population of Shans, Bamars, other native ethnic minorities, as well as Gurkha, Chinese and Burmese Muslims. Like in most of Myanmar, influence of Buddhism is most evidenced by the monasteries scattered throughout the city. However, being a relatively new city, the monasteries are not of historical significance and architecturally not unique. There is also a significant Christian population, as the center of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Taunggyi the St. Joseph's Cathedral and its associated seminary are the main facilities, as well as a Baptist church, both established by early missionaries. There is also a smaller Anglican church, which originally served the British administrators, but recently it has fallen into a state of disrepair. Four mosques serve the Muslim population of the city, Myo Oo Pali, A Lae Pali and Taung Pali are for large population of Burmese Muslims, and Panthay Pali for the Chinese Panthay Muslims. There are also a few temples serving the Chinese Buddhist community.

The Taunggyi area is a popular tourist destination. The city itself has an interesting five-day market, where farmers from around the area would come to the Taunggyi on market day and sell fresh produce in the open market, but with more development of the city, the significance of market day has been lessened. However, the market-day tradition continues strong in the outlying small towns. Nearby, Inle Lake is the home of the unique Intha culture. Inlay is famous for its traditional crafts industry and floating markets that are accessible via traditional longboats. The drive to the Pindaya Caves provides a good view of the Myelat country. Near Taunggyi, in Kakku, one can see the local pagoda, whose hundreds of stupas date back to 16th century.

There is no significant industry in Taunggyi. It used to be the trans-shipment point for many of the agricultural products of southern Shan State. However, due to recently imposed zoning regulations, most of these operations have been moved to the surrounding new town of Ayetharyar.

Being the capital of the Shan State, Taunggyi hosts many government offices. There is a museum in town which has displays on the Shan culture, as well as items of historical interest, such as belongings of the Sawbwas. The city is also the headquarters of Eastern Command of the Tatmadaw (Burmese Army), and the army occupies a significant portion of the northeast area of the city.

The city is home to the Taunggyi Education College and Taunggyi University.

Shan State Cultural Museum -the state museum lies in Taunggyi.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°47′01.08″N 97°02′07.30″E / 20.7836333°N 97.0353611°E / 20.7836333; 97.0353611