|District||Dera Ghazi Khan District|
|• City||000 km2 (0 sq mi)|
|• Metro||000 km2 (0 sq mi)|
|Elevation₳||157 m (000 ft)|
|• Density||000/km2 (0/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||000/km2 (0/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC+6)|
Taunsa (Punjabi,Urdu: تونٚسہ), also called (Taunsa Sharif تونسه شريف), is a city and capital of Taunsa Tehsil (subdivision) of Dera Ghazi Khan District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The town has important Sufi shrines, the most notable is that of Hazrat Muhammad Suleman Taunsvi.
It is customary in Pakistan to use the postfix Sharif with the name of any place with a saint is buried, hence, the city is also called Taunsa Sharif.
Taunsa Sharif is located on the Karachi-Peshawar Highway, which is also known as Indus Highway, it is approximately 975 kilometres (606 mi) from Karachi and 450 kilometres (280 mi) from Lahore. Taunsa is also the location of one of the headworks on the Indus River called Taunsa Barrage, located several kilometres south of Taunsa city.taunsa is linked by 4 provance
Taunsa Sharif, a tehsil (subdivision) of D.G.KHAN district in Pakistan has a 40% literacy rate. Nowadays the local populace mainly speak the Saraiki language and part of the population also speaks Balochi. The city itself contains a range of ethnic groups, including the Chhachi and Bhutta tribes. The old mohalla's are mohalah Shirani Wala, Chachan wala, Bhutan wala, sakhani, khwajgan, city is the adjacent towns and rural areas in the Tehsil are primarily occupied by Baloch & GAUDI BALOUCH & Pakhtun tribes including Shirani,Gaudi baloch, Buzdar,Muchrani Baloch, Qaisrani, Chandio, Lashari, Nutkani, Lalwani, Khosa Baloch, Sakhani, Kalati, Nasuha, Malghani, Bughlani, Dasti Baloch, Khetran, Makhdoom and Kulachi. Most of the above mentioned tribes including Nasuha and Malghani are part of the Nutkani tribe. The Buzdar,Muchrani, Nutkani (including all subtribes) and Shirani are the dominant tribes of Taunsa Sharif. The Shirani, a collection of Pashtun tribes, migrated from Barkhan Balochistan to Taunsa, Khawaja Shah Suleman came from Darug Balochistan and belong to Jaffar tribe. The Kulachi tribe came from Kulachi Tehsil (NWFP) in 1867.
Taunsa is also the location of one of the notable structures on the Indus River called Taunsa Barrage, located several kilometres south of Taunsa city. It was designated a Ramsar site on March 22, 1996. The Taunsa Barrage was completed in 1958, and it has been identified as the barrage with the highest priority for rehabilitation. It requires urgent measures to avoid severe economic and social impacts on the lives of millions of poor farmers through interruption of irrigation on two million acres (8,000 km²) and drinking water in the rural areas of southern Punjab, benefiting several million farmers. In 2003, the World Bank approved a $123 million loan to Pakistan to rehabilitate the Taunsa Barrage on the River Indus whose structure had been damaged owing to soil erosions and old-age. The project was designed to ensure irrigation of the cultivated lands in the area of the Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan Tehsil canals, and through the Taunsa-Panjnad Link Canal that supplements the water supply to Panjnad headworks canals.
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