Hundred of Taunton Deane

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Taunton Deane Hundred
Area
 - 1871 42,389 acres (17,154 ha)
Population
 - 1871 27,191
History
Status Hundred
 - HQ Taunton
Subdivisions
 - Type Parishes
 - Units Angersleigh, West Bagborough, Bradford, Cheddon Fitzpaine, Combe Florey, Corfe, Cothelstone, Heathfield, Hillfarrance, Hull-Bishop's, Kingston, Lydeard St. Lawrence, Norton Fitzwarren, Nynehead, Oake, Orchard Portman, Otterford, Pitminster, Rimpton, Ruishton, Staplegrove, Stoke St. Mary, Tolland, Trull, Wilton, and Withiel Florey

The Hundred of Taunton Deane was one of the 40 historical Hundreds in the ancient county of Somerset, England, dating from before the Norman conquest during the Anglo-Saxon era although exact dates are unknown. Each hundred had a 'fyrd', which acted as the local defence force and a court which was responsible for the maintenance of the frankpledge system.[1] They also formed a unit for the collection of taxes.[2] The role of the hundred court was described in the Dooms (laws) of King Edgar. The name of the hundred was normally that of its meeting-place.[3]

The Hundred of Taunton Deane consisted of the town of Taunton and the ancient parishes of: Angersleigh, West Bagborough, Bradford, Cheddon Fitzpaine, Combe Florey, Corfe, Cothelstone, Heathfield, Hillfarrance, Hull-Bishop's, Kingston, Lydeard St. Lawrence, Norton Fitzwarren, Nynehead, Oake, Orchard Portman, Otterford, Pitminster, Ruishton, Staplegrove, Stoke St. Mary, Tolland, Trull, Wilton, and Withiel Florey.[4] The parish of Rimpton was added to the hundred in about 1735,[5] although it wa s some distance from the rest of the hundred. In 1871 it covered an area of 42,389 acres (17,154 ha).[6]

Much of the Hundred fell into the great manor of Taunton Deane, which was the property of the Bishop of Winchester. The manor was divided into three separate organisational divisions; the borough of Taunton, the outlying rural parishes which was known as the Liberty or Outfaring and an inner ring lying between the borough and the rural parishes known as the Infaring.[7]

The name survives in Taunton Deane a local government district with borough status. The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the Municipal Borough of Taunton, Wellington Urban District, Taunton Rural District, and Wellington Rural District. Taunton Deane was granted borough status in 1975, perpetuating the mayoralty of Taunton.[8]

The importance of the hundred courts declined from the seventeenth century. By the 19th century several different single-purpose subdivisions of counties, such as poor law unions, sanitary districts, and highway districts sprang up, filling the administrative role previously played by parishes and hundreds. Although the Hundreds have never been formally abolished, their functions ended with the establishment of county courts in 1867[9] and the introduction of districts by the Local Government Act 1894.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Administrative Units Typology | Status definition: Hundred". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "The Shire and the Hundred". Somerset County Council. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  3. ^ "Summary". Institute of Archaeology. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 670. ISBN 0-901050-67-9. 
  5. ^ "Horethorne Hundred". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 7: Bruton, Horethorne and Norton Ferris Hundreds (1999), pp. 72-74. British History Online. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  6. ^ "County of Somerset. Table 4: Area, Houses and Population of the Hundreds". Census 1871. University of Essex. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  7. ^ Shorrocks, Derek. "A Guide to Tracing the History of Your House in the Somerset Record Office". Somerset County Council. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "About the Mayor". Taunton Deane Borough Council. Retrieved 23 January 2010. 
  9. ^ County Courts Act 1867 (30 & 31 Vict. c. 142) s.28
  10. ^ "Mapping the Hundreds of England and Wales in GIS". University of Cambridge Department of Geography. 6 June 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2011.