|— Metropolitan Area —|
|Region||Bay of Plenty|
|Territorial authority||Tauranga City|
|Gazetted as a Borough||1882|
|City constituted||17 April 1963|
Bay of Plenty
|• MP (Tauranga)||Simon Bridges (National)|
|• MP (Bay of Plenty)||Tony Ryall (National)|
|• Mayor||Stuart Crosby|
|• Deputy Mayor||David Stewart|
|• Territorial||168 km2 (65 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||232 m (761 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Population (June 2012 estimate)|
|• Density||690/km2 ( 1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NZST (UTC+12)|
|• Summer (DST)||NZDT (UTC+13)|
|Postcode(s)||3110 - 3112 - 3113 - 3118|
It was settled by Europeans in the early 19th century and was constituted as a city in 1963. Tauranga City is the centre of the sixth largest urban area in New Zealand, with an urban population of 122,200 (June 2012 estimate).
The city lies in the north-western corner of the Bay of Plenty, on the south-eastern edge of Tauranga Harbour. The city expands over an area of 168 square kilometres (65 sq mi), and encompasses the communities of Bethlehem, on the south-western outskirts of the city; Greerton, on the southern outskirts of the city; Matua, west of the central city overlooking Tauranga Harbour; Maungatapu; Mount Maunganui, located north of the central city across the harbour facing the Bay of Plenty; Otumoetai; Papamoa, Tauranga's largest suburb, located on the Bay of Plenty; Tauranga City; Tauranga South; and Welcome Bay.
Tauranga is one of New Zealand's main centres for business, international trade, culture, fashion and horticultural science. The Port of Tauranga is New Zealand's largest port in terms of gross export tonnage.
Tauranga is one of New Zealand's fastest growing cities, with a 14 percent increase in population between the 2001 census and the 2006 census.
European traders in flax were active in the Bay of Plenty during the 1830s; some were transient, others married local women and settled permanently. The first permanent trader was James Farrow, who travelled to Tauranga in 1829, obtaining flax fibre for Australian merchants in exchange for muskets and gunpowder. Farrow acquired a land area of 0.5 acres (2,000 m2) on 10 January 1838 at Otumoetai Pā from the chiefs Tupaea, Tangimoana and Te Omanu, the earliest authenticated land purchase in the Bay of Plenty.
During the 1820s, Henry Williams travelled to Tauranga from the Bay of Islands to obtain supplies of potatoes, pigs and flax. In 1835 a Church Missionary Society mission station was established at Tauranga by William Wade; Rev. Alfred N. Brown arrived at the CMS mission station in 1838.
In 1840, a Catholic mission station was established. Bishop Pompallier was given land within the palisades of Otumoetai Pā for a church and a presbytery. The mission station closed in 1863 due to land wars in the Waikato district.
New Zealand Wars 
Modern era 
|This section requires expansion. (October 2011)|
Situated along a faultline, Tauranga and the Bay of Plenty experience infrequent seismic activity, and there are a few volcanoes around the area (mainly dormant). The most notable of these are White Island and Mauao, nicknamed "The Mount" by locals.
Tauranga has an oceanic or maritime temperate climate. Although it may be typical for tourism agencies to describe the climate as "subtropical", nowhere in the main islands of New Zealand actually meets the requirements for this.
During the summer months the population swells as the holidaymakers descend on the city, especially along the popular white coastal surf beaches from Mount Maunganui to Papamoa.
|Climate data for Tauranga|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.9
|Average low °C (°F)||14.5
|Precipitation mm (inches)||74
|Source: NIWA Climate Data|
In 1976, Tauranga was a medium-sized urban area, with a population of around 48,000, smaller than Napier or Invercargill. The completion of a harbour bridge in 1988 brought Tauranga and The Mount closer (they amalgamated in 1989) and promoted growth in both parts of the enlarged city. In 1996 Tauranga’s population was 82,092 and by 2006 it had reached 103,635.
In 2006, 17.4% of the population was aged 65 or over, compared to 12.3% nationally. The city hosts five major head offices – Port of Tauranga, Zespri International, Ballance Agri-Nutrients Ltd, Trustpower and Craigs Investment Partners (formerly, ABN AMRO Craigs). Tauranga is home to a large number of migrants, especially from the UK, attracted to the area by its climate and quality of life.
Much of the countryside surrounding Tauranga is horticultural land, used to grow a wide range of fresh produce for both domestic consumption and export. There are many kiwifruit and avocados orchards as well as other crops. Recent years have seen the establishment of boutique vineyards and wineries.
The Port of Tauranga is New Zealand's largest export port, with brisk but seasonal shipping traffic. It is a regular stop for both container ships and luxury cruise liners.
Tauranga's main shopping mall is Bayfair, in Mount Maunganui. Most of the city's shopping centres are located in the suburbs. They include Fraser Cove, Bethlehem Town Centre, Palm Beach Plaza, Fashion Island, Bayfair Shopping Centre, Bay Central and Greerton Village. In 2008 Tauranga's CBD underwent renovations to attract more shoppers to the inner city.[specify]
Arts and culture 
Because of Tauranga's multi-ethnic population, a wide variety of faiths are practiced, including Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, various Eastern Orthodox churches, Sufism and others. Immigrants from Asia have formed a number of significant Buddhist congregations.
The main faith present throughout Tauranga and most of the country is Christianity. There are many types of Christians, including: the largest, Pentecostal, Methodist and Presbyterian. There are also congregations of Mormons in the area, and Jews.
Greater Tauranga is a very popular lifestyle and tourism destination. It features many natural attractions and scenery. Cultural attractions include the Tauranga Art Gallery, which opened in October 2007 and showcases local, national and international exhibitions in a range of media.
The National Jazz Festival takes place in Tauranga every Easter, with dozens of live acts, great food and excellent wine.
New Year celebrations at the Mount in Mount Maunganui are one of Tauranga's main events, bringing people from all around the country.
The coastal suburb Papamoa and neighbouring town Mount Maunganui are some of the more affluent areas around Tauranga. The region’s beaches attract swimmers, surfers, kayakers and kitesurfers throughout the year.
Tauranga has many outlying islands and reefs that make it a notable tourist destination point for traveling scuba divers and marine enthusiasts. Extensive marine life diversity is available to scuba divers all year round. Water temperatures range from 12 degrees Celsius in winter to 22-24 degrees Celsius in summer. Tauranga houses two professional dive instructor training centers, training NAUI, PADI and SSI dive leader systems.
Tauranga has a large stadium complex in the Bayfair suburb, Baypark Stadium, rebuilt in 2001 after a similar complex closed in 1995. It hosts Speedway events during summer and rugby matches in winter.
Parks and recreation 
Tauranga has many parks. One of the largest is Memorial Park, and others include, Yatton Park, Kulim Park, Fergusson Park and the large Tauranga Domain.
Due to the temperate climate, outdoor activities are very popular, including golf, tramping (hiking), mountain biking and white water rafting. The Bay of Plenty coastline has miles of golden sandy beaches, and watersports are very popular, including swimming, surfing, fishing, diving, kayaking and kitesurfing. Tourists also enjoy dolphin-watching on specially run boat trips.
The main state secondary schools include:
- Papamoa College, co-educational secondary school opened in 2011 for years 7 - 13.
- Aquinas College a co-educational state-integrated Catholic school founded in 2003 for years 7 - 13, with around 800 pupils.
- Tauranga Boys' College, with over 1800 boys.
- Tauranga Girls' College, with over 1500 girls.
- Otumoetai College, with around 1900 pupils.
- Bethlehem Campus, a Christian educational institution for kindergarten, primary and secondary level students, with around 1500 students.
- Mount Maunganui College, a co-educational secondary school, with over 1500 students.
Christian educational institutions in Tauranga include Bethlehem Campus, a college for both children and adults established in 1988; Tauranga Adventist School, a state integrated Christian community school catering for Year 1 to 8 students and established in 1974; and Aquinas College, a Catholic college established in 2003.
There is also a Rudolf Steiner School in Welcome Bay, catering for birth to 12 year olds.
Main transportation in the city is provided by the Bay Hopper Bus. Tauranga Airport provides daily domestic flights to Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch Airports on Air New Zealand turbo-prop aircraft. Tauranga is located on the East Coast Main Trunk Railway.
Notable residents 
- Hilda Hewlett - pioneer aviator
- Phil Rudd - drummer for AC/DC
- Richard O'Brien - author of The Rocky Horror Show (spent his formative years here)
- Les Munro - Dambusters veteran.
- Bob Clarkson - former Member of Parliament and successful property developer and landlord
- Mahé Drysdale - Olympic rower
- Andrew Stevenson - Olympic rower, Double World Champion Rower, NZ 1982 Sportsman of the Year
- Tim Balme - actor, director
- Moss Burmester - Olympic swimmer
- Simon Bridges - politician
- John Bracewell - International Cricketer
- Dame Susan Devoy - former World Squash Champion
- Tony Lochhead - footballer
- Kane Williamson - International Cricketer
- Trent Boult - International Cricketer
- Corey Anderson - International Cricketer
- Daniel Flynn - International Cricketer
- Sam Cane - International Rugby Player
- Tanerau Latimer - International Former Rugby Player
- Tony Christiansen - Former Paralympics, FESPIC Games & World Games multi-medalist, Professional Speaker & Tauranga City Councillor
Past residents 
- Kathleen Hawkins - known as the "Pioneer Poet"
- Winston Peters - former MP for Tauranga, leader of NZ First, politician
- Stan Walker - R&B singer, Former Australian Idol contestant and winner 
Sister cities 
- "Subnational population estimates at 30 June 2012". Statistics New Zealand. 23 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012. Also "Infoshare; Group: Population Estimates - DPE; Table: Estimated Resident Population for Urban Areas, at 30 June (1996+) (Annual-Jun)". Statistics New Zealand. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- "Local Government 1860 - present". Tauranga City Council. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
- Quickstats about Tauranga City
- VTours - Downtown Tauranga
- Rogers, Lawrence M. (1973). Te Wiremu: A Biography of Henry Williams. Pegasus Press.
- "Climate Data". NIWA. Retrieved 2 November 2007.
- Geonames Database "Region information page", travelsradiate, 2010, accessed 2 January 2011.
- "Kiwi leads Idol show by a neck". The Dominion Post. 10 September 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-03.
- Sister cities
|Wikivoyage has travel information related to: Tauranga|
- Tauranga City Council
- Tauranga City Library
- Tauranga Portal Website
- Tauranga Local Information website
- Tauranga Info