Taurus (Chinese astronomy)

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According to traditional Chinese uranography, the modern constellation Taurus is located within the western quadrant of the sky, which is symbolized as the White Tiger of the West (西方白虎) (北方玄武, Xī Fāng Bái Hǔ).

The name of the western constellation in modern Chinese is 金牛座 (jīn niú zuò), meaning "the golden bull constellation".

Stars[edit]

The map of Chinese constellation in constellation Taurus area consists of:

Four Symbols Mansion (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Asterisms (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Western star name Chinese star name Romanization Translation
White Tiger of the West (西方白虎) Wèi Stomach 天廩 Tiānling Celestial Foodstuff
5 Tau 天廩一 Tiānlingyī 1st star
4 Tau 天廩二 Tiānlingèr 2nd star
ξ Tau[1] 天廩三 Tiānlingsān 3rd star
ο Tau[1] 天廩四 Tiānlingsì 4th star
6 Tau 天廩增一 Tiānlingzēngyī 1st additional star
29 Tau 天廩增二 Tiānlingzēngèr 2nd additional star
天囷[2] Tiānjūn Circular Celestial Granary
12 Tau 天囷增十二 Tiānqūnzēngshíèr 12th additional star
10 Tau 天囷增十五 Tiānqūnzēngshíwǔ 15th additional star
V711 Tau 天囷增二十一 Tiānqūnzēngèrshíyī 21st additional star
Mǎo Hairy Head Mǎo Hairy Head
17 Tau 昴宿一 Mǎosùyī 1st star
19 Tau 昴宿二 Mǎosùèr 2nd star
21 Tau 昴宿三 Mǎosùsān 3rd star
20 Tau 昴宿四 Mǎosùsì 4th star
23 Tau 昴宿五 Mǎosùwǔ 5th star
η Tau[1]
昴宿六 Mǎosùliù 6th star
昴宿西第五星 Mǎosùxīdìwǔxīng 5th big star in the west
27 Tau 昴宿七 Mǎosùqī 7th star
11 Tau 昴宿增一 Mǎosùzēngyī 1st additional star
7 Tau 昴宿增二 Mǎosùzēngèr 2nd additional star
9 Tau 昴宿增三 Mǎosùzēngsān 3rd additional star
32 Tau 昴宿增五 Mǎosùzēngwǔ 5th additional star
18 Tau 昴宿增八 Mǎosùzēngbā 8th additional star
16 Tau 昴宿增九 Mǎosùzēngjiǔ 9th additional star
24 Tau 昴宿增十 Mǎosùzēngshí 10th additional star
26 Tau 昴宿增十一 Mǎosùzēngshíyī 11th additional star
28 Tau 昴宿增十二 Mǎosùzēngshíèr 12th additional star
HD 23923 昴宿增十三 Mǎosùzēngshísān 13th additional star
Yuè Moon
37 Tau Yuè (One star of)
39 Tau 月增一 Yuèzēngyī 1st additional star
礪石[3] Tiānyīn Yin Force
13 Tau 天陰增三 Tiānyīnzēngsān 3rd additional star
14 Tau 天陰增四 Tiānyīnzēngsì 4th additional star
天陰 Lìdàn Whetstone
ψ Tau[1] 礪石一 Lìdànyī 1st star
44 Tau 礪石二 Lìdànèr 2nd star
χ Tau[1] 礪石三 Lìdànsān 3rd star
φ Tau[1] 礪石四 Lìdànsì 4th star
Net Net
ε Tau[4]
畢宿一 Bìsùyī 1st star
畢宿距星 Bìsùjùxīng Separated star
畢宿右股第一星 Bìsùyòugǔdìyīxīng 1st star in the right
δ3 Tau[4] 畢宿二 Bìsùèr 2nd star
δ1 Tau[4]
畢宿三 Bìsùsān 3rd star
畢宿右股第三星 Bìsùjùxīng Separated star
畢宿右股第一星 Bìsùyòugǔdìsānxīng 3rd star in the right
γ Tau[4]
畢宿四 Bìsùsì 4th star
畢宿中央星 Bìsùzhōngyāngxīng Center star
α Tau[4]
畢宿五 Bìsùwǔ 5th star
边将 Bianjiàng General in the edge
畢宿左股第一星 Bìsùzuǒgǔdìyīxīng 1st star in the left
畢宿大星 Bìsùdàxīng Great star
θ2 Tau[4]
畢宿六 Bìsùliù 6th star
畢宿左股第二星 Bìsùzuǒgǔdìèrxīng 2nd star in the left
71 Tau 畢宿七 Bìsùqī 7th star
λ Tau 畢宿八 Bìsùbā 8th star
30 Tau 畢宿增一 Bìsùzēngyī 1st additional star
31 Tau 畢宿增二 Bìsùzēngèr 2nd additional star
ν Tau 畢宿增三 Bìsùzēngsān 3rd additional star
40 Tau 畢宿增四 Bìsùzēngsì 4th additional star
45 Tau 畢宿增五 Bìsùzēngwǔ 5th additional star
46 Tau 畢宿增六 Bìsùzēngliù 6th additional star
μ Tau 畢宿增七 Bìsùzēngqī 7th additional star
47 Tau 畢宿增八 Bìsùzēngbā 8th additional star
48 Tau 畢宿增九 Bìsùzēngjiǔ 9th additional star
58 Tau 畢宿增十 Bìsùzēngshí 10th additional star
63 Tau 畢宿增十一 Bìsùzēngshíyī 11th additional star
64 Tau 畢宿增十二 Bìsùzēngshíèr 12th additional star
θ1 Tau 毕宿增十三 Bìsùzēngshísān 13th additional star
HD 28527 毕宿增十五 Bìsùzēngshíwǔ 15th additional star
HD 28568 毕宿增十六 Bìsùzēngshíliù 16th additional star
85 Tau 毕宿增十七 Bìsùzēngshíqī 17th additional star
附耳 Fùěr Whisper
σ2 Tau[4] 附耳 Fùěr (One star of)
σ1 Tau 附耳增一 Fùěrzēngyī 1st additional star
89 Tau 附耳增二 Fùěrzēngèr 2nd additional star
天街 Tiānjiē Celestial Street
κ1 Tau[4] 天街一 Tiānjiēyī 1st star
ω Tau[4] 天街二 Tiānjiēèr 2nd star
43 Tau 天街增一 Tiānjiēzēngyī 1st additional star
κ2 Tau 天街增二 Tiānjiēzēngèr 2nd additional star
υ Tau 天街增三 Tiānjiēzēngsān 3rd additional star
72 Tau 天街增四 Tiānjiēzēngsì 4th additional star
天節 Tiānjié Celestial Tally
π Tau[5] 天節一 Tiānjiéyī 1st star
ρ Tau[5] 天節二 Tiānjiéèr 2nd star
57 Tau 天節三 Tiānjiésān 3rd star
79 Tau 天節四 Tiānjiésì 4th star
90 Tau 天節五 Tiānjiéwǔ 5th star
93 Tau 天節六 Tiānjiéliù 6th star
88 Tau 天節七 Tiānjiéqī 7th star
66 Tau 天節八 Tiānjiébā 8th star
諸王 Zhūwáng Feudal Kings
136 Tau 諸王一 Zhūwángyī 1st star
125 Tau 諸王二 Zhūwángèr 2nd star
118 Tau 諸王三 Zhūwángsān 3rd star
103 Tau 諸王四 Zhūwángsì 4th star
99 Tau 諸王五 Zhūwángwǔ 5th star
τ Tau[4]
諸王六 Zhūwángliù 6th star
華蓋中央大星 Huágàizhōngyāngdàxīng Big star in the center of Canopy of the Emperor
95 Tau 諸王增一 Zhūwángzēngyī 1st additional star
98 Tau 諸王增二 Zhūwángzēngèr 2nd additional star
121 Tau 諸王增三 Zhūwángzēngsān 3rd additional star
132 Tau 諸王增四 Zhūwángzēngsì 4th additional star
天高 Tiāngāo Celestial High Terrace
ι Tau[5] 天高一 Tiāngāoyī 1st star
97 Tau 天高二 Tiāngāoèr 2nd star
107 Tau[6] 天高三 Tiāngāosān 3rd star
109 Tau 天高四 Tiāngāosì 4th star
104 Tau 天高增一 Tiāngāozēngyī 1st additional star
106 Tau 天高增二 Tiāngāozēngèr 2nd additional star
105 Tau 天高增三 Tiāngāozēngsān 3rd additional star
114 Tau 天高增四 Tiāngāozēngsì 4th additional star
五車 Wuchē Five Chariots
β Tau[7]
五車五 Wǔchēwǔ 5th star
五帝车五 Wǔdìchēwǔ Fifth king chariot
五車东南星 Wǔjūchēdōngnánxīng Fifth separated star in southeast
天關 Tiānguān Celestial Gate
ζ Tau 天關 Tiānguān (One star of)
113 Tau 天關增一 Tiānguānzēngyī 1st additional star
126 Tau 天關增二 Tiānguānzēngèr 2nd additional star
128 Tau 天關增三 Tiānguānzēngsān 3rd additional star
129 Tau 天關增四 Tiānguānzēngsì 4th additional star
130 Tau 天關增五 Tiānguānzēngwǔ 5th additional star
127 Tau 天關增六 Tiānguānzēngliù 6th additional star
參旗[2] Sānqí Banner of Three Stars
96 Tau 參旗增一 Sānqízēngyī 1st additional star
HD 31539 參旗增二 Sānqízēngèr 2nd additional star
101 Tau 參旗增三 Sānqízēngsān 3rd additional star
九斿 Jiǔliú Imperial Military Flag
49 Eri[8][6] 九斿一 Jiǔliúyī 1st star
HD 28375 九斿增一 Jiǔliúzēngyī 1st additional star
Turtle Beak 司怪 Sīguài Deity in Charge of Monsters 139 Tau 司怪一 Sīguàiyī 1st star
Vermilion Bird of the South (南方朱雀) [2] Jǐng Well 水府[2] Shuǐfǔ Irrigation Official
133 Tau 水府增一 Shuǐfǔzēngyī 1st additional star
131 Tau 水府增二 Shuǐfǔzēngèr 2nd additional star
135 Tau 水府增三 Shuǐfǔzēngsān 3rd additional star
137 Tau 水府增四 Shuǐfǔzēngsì 4th additional star

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]