Taurus "Raging Judge" Magnum revolver with a six inch barrel, chambered in .454 Casull, .45 Colt and .410 bore
|Place of origin||Brazil|
|Variants||4410, 4510, 513|
|Weight||29 oz (820 g)|
|Length||7.5 in (190 mm)|
|Barrel length||3 in (76 mm)|
|Width||1.531 in (38.9 mm)|
|Height||5.394 in (137.0 mm)|
|Feed system||5,6,7 round cylinder|
The Taurus Judge is a five shot revolver designed and produced by Taurus International, chambered for .410 bore shot shells and the .45 Colt cartridge. Taurus promotes the Judge as a self-defense tool against carjacking and for home protection.
There have been two model number designations for this firearm, the 4410 (no longer produced) and the 4510 (current). Both model numbers are essentially the same revolver, and any 4410 or 4510 will yield basically the same performance. It got its name "The Judge" in 2006 when Bob Morrison, Executive Vice President, learned that judges in high-crime areas of Miami, Florida were purchasing the revolver for personal defense in their courtrooms, and after Morrison investigated further, the model designation was changed from 4410 to 4510 to more accurately reflect the revolver's versatility (.45 Colt + 410 shot → "4510"). Taurus International reports that the Judge is their top-selling firearm.
Though Taurus deliberately designed the Judge to fire shotshells, the Judge does not qualify as a "short-barreled shotgun" under the National Firearms Act of 1934 as its rifled barrel makes it a regular handgun. However, the Judge is considered a short-barreled shotgun under California state law, which has a broader definition of "short-barreled shotgun," and the Judge is thus illegal to possess in that state. The rifling is shallower than normal, giving single-projectile loads less stabilization than they would receive in other handguns while reducing the rapid dispersion of the shot from shotshells. Taurus developed the shallow rifling after numerous experiments to find rifling that worked well with both types of ammunition.
The Judge, a derivative of the Taurus Tracker, comes in three barrel lengths (3", 4" and 6.5" - Tracker), two cylinder lengths (2.5" and 3"), and two finishes (blued and stainless steel). The 3" barrel model also comes in two weight classes, the standard steel construction (29 oz currently, 36 oz previously) and alloy-based "Ultra-Lite" (22 oz currently, 24 oz previously). Felt recoil can be significant with the Ultra-Lite series, due to its light weight, especially with .45 Colt rounds. As of December 2008, spur-less hammers remain available with all short-barrel lengths of The Judge. Crimson Trace laser grips are available for standard models of this firearm.
At the Shooting, Hunting, Outdoor Trade Show in January 2009, Taurus introduced several new models of the Judge. These have been labeled the Public Defender series and are based on the Taurus Model 85 frame. As with the original Judge, these shoot five rounds of either .45 Colt or .410 shot. Taurus is positioning the Public Defender series as a concealed carry piece. Taurus also introduced the tactical R Ported. The Taurus 4510TKR-3SSR (stainless steel) and 4510TKR-3BR (blued) offer a 3″ ported barrel with a Picatinny rail.
In 2011 at SHOT Show in Las Vegas, Nevada Taurus introduced the Raging Judge XXVIII chambered for 28 gauge shot shells. After much confusion of whether or not the Raging Judge 28 would be considered an ATF regulated firearm, Taurus International President and CEO Bob Morrison stated that the Taurus Raging Judge XXVIII would be available in the U.S. sometime in late 2012. 
It comes in the original combination chambering of .410 bore and .45 Long Colt, as well as the .44 Remington Magnum chambering. The Taurus/Rossi Circuit Judge has small blast shields attached to the cylinder to protect the shooter from hot gases escaping between the cylinder and barrel.
The carbine has a butt stock and forend made of either Brazilian hardwood or plastic and uses a fiber optic front sight. An optional Picatinny scope mount base allows the user to mount a sight on the top of the frame and a choke is inclded for turkey hunting.
Shot shells in .410 bore are not considered especially effective in personal defense; for instance, there are only three (21⁄2" shell) or five (3" shell) pellets in 000 buckshot, a common defense round; this compared to nine in the more common 12 gauge shell. However as of 2008 Taurus has addressed this concern with the release of the Judge Magnum which can fire 3" shot shells. The 3" shot shell 000 buckshot version contains 5 pellets, which makes it more effective as a self-defense round.
Federal offers ammo specifically designed for the Judge. The 21⁄2" 000 Buckshot contains 4 pellets. While the Judge's cylinder bore is adequate for higher-powered single-projectile loadings such as the .44 Magnum or .454 Casull, the gun is not designed for the high chamber pressures that these cartridges generate and thus could explode if they are used with it. To prevent this, the cylinder bores are choked to prevent successful chambering of rounds larger in diameter than the .410 shotshell and longer than the .45 Colt.
Original version of the Taurus Judge (blued finish)
- "Taurus Big-Bore Double Feature". Shooting Times.
- "The Judge Rules". American Rifleman. January 2009.
- Michel, C.D. (June 13, 2011). "Judging the Judges: Illegal Firearms in California?" (pdf). Los Angeles: Michel & Associates. pp. 1–11.
- Radielovic, Marko; Prasac, Max (31 August 2012). Big-Bore Revolvers. Iola,Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 55. ISBN 1-4402-2856-6.
- Shideler, Dan (2010). Guns Illustrated 2011: The Latest Guns, Specs & Prices. Iola, Wisconsin: F+W Media, Inc. p. 192. ISBN 1-4402-1624-X.
- Lee, Jerry (2013). Gun Digest 2014. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. p. 441. ISBN 978-1-4402-3542-9.
- "American Rifleman". americanrifleman.org.
- Muramatsu, Kevin (2013). The Gun Digest Book of Centerfire Rifles Assembly/Disassembly. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. p. 310. ISBN 978-1-4402-3544-3.
- Cassell, Jay (2013). Shooter's Bible: The World's Bestselling Firearms Reference. Skyhorse Publishing Company, Incorporated. p. 260. ISBN 978-1-62087-516-2.
- Lee, Jerry (11 April 2012). The Official Gun Digest Book of Guns & Prices 2012. Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 878. ISBN 1-4402-2927-9.
- "The .410 Bore". ChuckHawks.com.
- Pearsall, Jennifer (2012). Gun Digest Illustrated Guide to Modern Firearms. Iola, wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 117. ISBN 1-4402-3253-9.