Tavistock (UK Parliament constituency)

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Tavistock
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1330–1885
Number of members two (1330-1868), one (1868-1885)
Tavistock division of Devon
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1885–February 1974
Number of members one

Tavistock was the name of a parliamentary constituency in Devon between 1330 and 1974. Until 1885 it was a parliamentary borough, consisting solely of the town of Tavistock; it returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1868, when its representation was reduced to one member. From 1885, the name was transferred to a single-member county constituency covering a much larger area. (Between 1885 and 1918, the constituency had the alternative name of West Devon.)

The constituency was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when it was largely replaced by the new West Devon constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1295–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
Oct. 1377 Thomas Raymond[1]
1381 Peter Hadley[2]
1384 Thomas Raymond[1]
1386 John Wyndout John Tryll [3]
1388 (Feb) Ranulph Hunt John atte Pole [3]
1388 (Sep) John Ford William Walreddon [3]
1390 (Jan) Walter Milemead John Bithewater [3]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Ranulph Hunt John Whitham [3]
1393 Ranulph Hunt Matthew Row [3]
1394 Ranulph Hunt John Crocker [3]
1395 Ranulph Hunt Walter Dimmock [3]
1397 (Jan) William Whitham John Plenty [3]
1397 (Sep)
1399
1401
1402 Ranulph Hunt John Kene [3]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 John Plenty Roger Baker [3]
1407 John Godfrey William Brit [3]
1410
1411 John Lopynford Richard Secheville [3]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) William May John Julkin [3]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) William May John Julkin [3]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417
1419 Richard Secheville  ? [3]
1420 Richard Secheville William Bentley [3]
1421 (May) John Fortescue William May [3]
1421 (Dec) John Fortescue Nicholas Fitzherbert [3]
1467–1468 Richard Edgcumbe
1472 John Say
1485 Richard Edgcumbe
1510-1512 No names known [4]
1515 Richard Lybbe John Amadas [4]
1523  ?
1529 William Honychurch John Dynham [4]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542  ?
1545 Sir Peter Carew Richard Fortescue [4]
1547 Sir Edward Rogers John Gale [4]
1553 (Mar) Edward Underhill Anthony Lyte [4]
1553 (Nov) Richard Wilbraham Thomas Smyth
Parliament of 1554 Richard Mayo John Fitz, junior
Parliament of 1554-1555 John Onebyche
Parliament of 1555 Richard Mayo Thomas Southcote
Parliament of 1558 Thomas Browne George Southcote
Parliament of 1559 Unknown: the return has been lost
Parliament of 1563-1567 Sir Nicholas Throckmorton Richard Cooke
Parliament of 1571 Nathaniel Bacon Robert Ferrers died after 1572
In his place Charles Morison
Parliament of 1572-1581
Parliament of 1584-1585 Edward Bacon Valentine Knightley
Parliament of 1586-1587 John Glanville
Parliament of 1588-1589 Michael Heneage Anthony Ashley
Parliament of 1593 Hugh Vaughan Richard Codrington
Parliament of 1597-1598 Edward Montagu Valentine Knightley
Parliament of 1601 Henry Grey Walter Wentworth
Parliament of 1604-1611 Sir George Fleetwood Edward Duncombe
Addled Parliament (1614) (Sir) Francis Glanville
Parliament of 1621-1622 Sir Baptist Hicks, Bt
Happy Parliament (1624-1625) Sampson Hele John Pym
Useless Parliament (1625) Sir Francis Glanville
Parliament of 1625-1626 Sir John Ratcliffe
Parliament of 1628-1629 Sir Francis Glanville
No Parliament summoned 1629-1640

MPs 1640-1868[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Lord Russell Royalist John Pym Parliamentarian
November 1640
1641 Hon. John Russell Royalist
December 1643 Pym died - seat vacant
January 1644 Russell disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1646 Elisha Crimes Edward Fowell
December 1648 Crimes and Fowell excluded in Pride's Purge - both seats vacant
1653 Tavistock was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Henry Hatsell Edmund Fowell
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 William Russell Whig George Howard
April 1661 Sir John Davie, 2nd Baronet
December 1661 Lord Russell Whig
1673 Sir Francis Drake, 3rd Baronet
1679 Edward Russell Whig
1685 Sir James Butler John Beare
1689 Lord Robert Russell Sir Francis Drake, Bt
1695 Lord James Russell
March 1696 Ambrose Manaton
November 1696 Sir Francis Drake, Bt
1701 Lord Edward Russell Whig
1702 Lord James Russell
November 1703 James Bulteel
December 1703 Henry Manaton [5]
1708 Sir John Cope, Bt [6]
1711 James Bulteel
1715 Sir Francis Henry Drake, Bt
1728 Sir Humphrey Monoux, Bt
1734 Hon. Charles Fane [7] Whig Sidney Meadows
1741 Lord Sherard Manners
1742 The Viscount of Limerick
July 1747 Richard Leveson-Gower [8] Thomas Brand
December 1747 Sir Richard Wrottesley, Bt
April 1754 Richard Rigby Whig Jeffrey French
December 1754 Richard Vernon
1761 Richard Neville Aldworth
1774 Hon. Richard FitzPatrick Whig
1788 Lord John Russell Whig
June 1790 Hon. Charles Wyndham [9] Whig
December 1790 Lord John Russell Whig
1802 Lord Robert Spencer Whig
May 1807 Lord William Russell Whig
July 1807 Viscount Howick Whig
1808 George Ponsonby Whig
1812 Richard FitzPatrick Whig
1813 Lord John Russell Whig
1817 Lord Robert Spencer Whig
1818 Lord John Russell Whig
1819 John Peter Grant Whig
March 1820 John Nicholas Fazakerly Whig
May 1820 Viscount Ebrington [10] Whig
1826 Lord William Russell Whig
August 1830 Lord Russell Whig
November 1830 Lord John Russell [11] Whig
July 1831 John Heywood Hawkins Whig
October 1831 Lieutenant Colonel Francis Russell Whig
1832 Lord Russell [12] Whig Charles Richard Fox Whig
1835 John Rundle Whig
1841 Lord Edward Russell Whig
1843 Sir John Salusbury-Trelawny, Bt Whig
1847 Hon. Edward Russell Whig
April 1852 Samuel Carter [13] Whig
July 1852 Hon. George Byng Whig
1853 Robert Phillimore Whig
March 1857 Sir John Salusbury-Trelawny, Bt Whig
September 1857 Arthur Russell Whig
1859 Liberal Liberal
1865 Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda Liberal
1868 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1868-1974[edit]

Election Member Party
1868 Arthur Russell [14] Liberal
1885 Viscount Ebrington Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Hugh Luttrell Liberal
1900 John Ward Spear Liberal Unionist
1906 Hugh Luttrell Liberal
Dec. 1910 Sir John Ward Spear Liberal Unionist
1918 Charles Williams Conservative
1922 Maxwell Ruthven Thornton Liberal
1924 Philip Percy Kenyon-Slaney Unionist
1928 by-election Wallace Duffield Wright Conservative
1931 Colin Mark Patrick Conservative
1942 by-election Sir Henry Studholme, Bt Conservative
1966 Michael Heseltine Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see West Devon

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election December 1910[15]

Electorate 15,063

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist John Ward Spear 6,409 51.6
Liberal Hugh Courtenay Fownes Luttrell 6,019 48.4
Turnout 12,428 82.5
Majority 390 3.2
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918

Electorate 25,979

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 9,157 56.7
Liberal Harry Green 7,005 43.3
Majority 2,152 13.4
Turnout 62.2
Unionist hold Swing
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government

Election in the 1920s[edit]

Maxwell Thornton
General Election 6 December 1922

Electorate 27,651

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maxwell Ruthven Thornton 11,708 54.5
Unionist Charles Williams 9,757 45.5
Majority
Turnout 77.6
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 6 December 1923:

Electorate 28,242

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maxwell Ruthven Thornton 11,883 54.1
Unionist Philip Percy Kenyon-Slaney 10,072 45.9
Majority 1,811 8.2
Turnout 77.7
Liberal hold Swing
1924 General Election

Electorate 29,419[16]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Philip Percy Kenyon-Slaney 12,058 52.8
Liberal Maxwell Ruthven Thornton 10,786 47.2
Majority 1,272 5.6
Turnout 77.7
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
Tavistock by-election, 1928

Electorate [16]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Wallace Duffield Wright 10,745 45.2 -7.6
Liberal Reginald Thomas Herbert Fletcher 10,572 44.5 -2.7
Labour Richard Davies 2,449 10.3 n/a
Majority 173 0.7
Turnout 77.3
Unionist hold Swing -2.5
1929 General Election

Electorate 38,785[16]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Wallace Duffield Wright 14,102 44.7
Liberal Hilda Runciman 14,040 44.1
Labour Richard Davies 3,574 11.2
Majority 152 0.6
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Tavistock[17]

Electorate 39,637

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Colin Mark Patrick 17,310 52.4
Liberal John Adam Day 13,592 41.2
Labour Richard Davies 2,124 6.4
Majority 3,718 11.2
Turnout 83.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Tavistock[18]

Electorate 42,560

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Colin Mark Patrick 17,475 52.8
Liberal John Adam Day 13,422 40.5
Labour C H Townsend 2,236 6.7
Majority 4,053 12.3
Turnout 77.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Conservative: Colin Patrick, Liberal: Frank Milton, Labour: J Finnigan.

Tavistock by-election, 1942

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Gray Studholme unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1945

Electorate 55,455

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Maj. Henry Gray Studholme 19,730 46.9 -5.8
Liberal Rt Hon. Isaac Foot 13,764 32.8 -7.7
Labour J Finnigan 8,539 20.3 +13.6
Majority 5,966 14.2
Turnout 75.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Tavistock[19]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Gray Studholme
Labour Frank W Harcourt-Munning
Liberal Col. JD Wyatt MC
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Tavistock[20]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Gray Studholme
Labour Frank W Harcourt-Munning
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Tavistock[21]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Gray Studholme
Labour Harold Lawrance
Liberal Richard Gillachrist Moore
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Tavistock[22]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Henry Gray Studholme
Liberal Richard Gillachrist Moore
Labour Bryan R Weston
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Tavistock[23]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Henry Gray Studholme
Liberal Thomas Greville Jones
Labour John A Elswood
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Tavistock[24]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Ray Dibdin Heseltine
Liberal Christopher Trethewey
Labour Peggy Arline Middleton
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Tavistock[25]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Ray Dibdin Heseltine
Liberal Michael E B Banks
Labour Harold M Luscombe
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/raymond-thomas-1418
  2. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/hadley-peter
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  5. ^ Manaton was initially returned as re-elected in 1710, but on petition he was adjudged not to have been duly elected
  6. ^ Cope was re-elected in 1727, but had also been elected for Hampshire, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
  7. ^ Succeeded as The Viscount Fane (in the Peerage of Ireland), July 1744
  8. ^ Leveson-Gower was also elected for Lichfield, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Tavistock
  9. ^ Wyndham was also elected for Midhurst, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Tavistock
  10. ^ Ebrington was re-elected in 1830, but had also been elected for Devon, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
  11. ^ Russell was re-elected in 1831, but had also been elected for Devon, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
  12. ^ Styled Marquess of Tavistock from 1839
  13. ^ Carter's re-election in 1853 was declared void and his opponent, Phillimore, was seated in his place.
  14. ^ Styled Lord Arthur Russell from 1872
  15. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
  16. ^ a b c F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  17. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  18. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  19. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  20. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  21. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  22. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  23. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  24. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  25. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig

References[edit]