IMI Tavor TAR-21

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"Tavor" redirects here. For other uses, see Tavor (disambiguation).
TAR-21
IWI-Tavor-TAR-21w1.jpg
Type Assault Rifle
Place of origin  Israel
Service history
In service 2001–present
Used by See Users
Wars Operation Defensive Shield, Operation Summer Rains, Second Lebanon War, Operation Hot Winter, Gaza War, Operation Protective Edge, Colombian armed conflict, South Ossetia War, Cambodian-Thai stand-off, Pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine
Production history
Designer Israel Military Industries (IMI)
Designed 1991–2001
Manufacturer

Israel Weapon Industries (IWI)

Also produced under IWI license by:

Variants See Variants
Specifications
Weight 3.27 kg (7.21 lb) (TAR-21)[1]
3.18 kg (7.0 lb) (CTAR-21)[1]
3.67 kg (8.1 lb) (STAR-21)
2.95 kg (6.5 lb) (MTAR-21)[1]
3.19 kg (7.0 lb) (TC-21)
Length 720 mm (28.3 in) (TAR-21, STAR-21)[1]
640 mm (25.2 in) (CTAR-21)[1]
590 mm (23.2 in) (X-95/MTAR-21)[1]
670 mm (26.4 in) (TC-21)
Barrel length 460 mm (18.1 in) (TAR-21, STAR-21)[1]
380 mm (15.0 in) (CTAR-21)[1]
330 mm (13.0 in) (X-95/MTAR-21)[1]
419 mm (16.5 in) (X-95-L)
410 mm (16.1 in) (TC-21)

Cartridge
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt[1]
Rate of fire 750–900 rounds/min[1]
Muzzle velocity 910 m/s (2,986 ft/s) (TAR-21, STAR-21)
890 m/s (2,919.9 ft/s) (CTAR-21)
870 m/s (2,854.3 ft/s) (MTAR-21)
885 m/s (2,903.5 ft/s) (TC-21)
Effective firing range 500 m[clarification needed]
Feed system

Standard 30 round Magazine

Various STANAG magazines
Sights Meprolight MP 21, ITL MARS with integrated laser and IR pointer, Trijicon ACOG (STAR-21), EOTech holographic sight, others available

The TAR-21 (or simply Tavor) is an Israeli bullpup assault rifle chambered for 5.56×45mm NATO ammunition with a selective fire system, selecting between semi-automatic mode and full automatic fire mode.

Built around a long-stroke piston system, the Tavor was designed to maximise reliability, durability, and ease-of-maintenance, particularly under adverse or battlefield conditions.[3]

In 2009, the MTAR-21 (X-95) was selected to become the standard issued weapon of the Israeli infantry by 2018.

History and design objectives[edit]

Israel Military Industries (now Israel Weapon Industries) initiated the Tavor development team in 1995, under the direction of gun designer Zalmen Shebs.[4]

The objective of the project was to create an assault rifle that was more reliable, durable and easier to maintain than the M4A1 Carbine, while also being better suited to close-quarters combat and mechanized infantry roles. As a result, they hoped that the weapon would be officially adopted by the Israel Defense Forces.

Due to the military's close-quarters and mechanized infantry requirements, the project team selected a bullpup design, that would allow the weapon to be compact while keeping a long barrel able to achieve ballistically favorable high muzzle velocities.[4]

Trials in Israel[edit]

Between 2001 and 2002, the Tavor was given extensive military trials for functionality and reliability against the M4A1 Carbine. It was trialled in tests including Mean Rounds Between Failures (MRBF); reliability; ergonomics during long marches; and ease-of-maintenance. In these military tests, it prevailed over the M4A1 Carbine.[3]

As a result of these trials, the IDF adopted the Tavor as the future standard arm for all branches of the infantry, beginning from 2003 onwards, with the first weapons delivered to the infantry from 2006 onwards.[4][5]

Design features and engineering[edit]

Long-stroke piston system[edit]

The rifle uses a non-lubricated long-stroke piston system, as found in the M1 Garand, IMI Galil and the AK 47.[6] The long-stroke piston mechanism contributes to the forcefulness of the Tavor's extraction and chambering.[5]

A long-stroke piston system may increase a weapon's reliability in extreme conditions (in comparison to the less reliable short-stroke piston systems), as has been found to be the case in both the M1 Garand and the AK 47.[7]

The Tavor's attachment of the piston to a heavy bolt carrier, and the extension of the mainspring into the hollow stem of the bolt carrier, bears a family resemblance to the internal mechanism of the AK 47.[6]

Ambidexterity and modularity[edit]

The TAR-21 has ejection ports on both sides of the rifle so it can easily be reconfigured for right or left-handed shooters. However, this process requires partial disassembly, so it cannot be quickly reconfigured while the rifle is in use.[8]

Its ambidextrous fire mode selector above the pistol grip has a semi-automatic mode and a fully automatic mode.[9]

The Tavor features a self-contained, drop-in trigger group, so that the trigger group can be changed or replaced without the use of additional tools.

Barrel[edit]

The Tavor barrels are made from CrMoV steel and cold hammer-forged (CHF) on the premises of the IWI factory in Ramat HaSharon. The barrel is chrome-lined for durability and corrosion resistance. The barrel features 6 grooves in a 178 mm (1 in 7 inch) twist, or 32 calibers right hand twist rate.

The barrel is fitted with a 'birdcage' style flash suppressor, which can be fully disassembled without the need of additional tools.[5]

Chambering, ammunition and magazines[edit]

The Tavor is primarily chambered for 5.56×45mm NATO, although 9×19mm Parabellum models are also available.

The IDF uses both 55-grain M193 and 62-grain M855 5.56×45mm rounds. M193 rounds will be used by regular infantrymen for better terminal effects at shorter distances, while the heavier M855 will be used by sharpshooters.

The TAR-21 accepts standard STANAG magazines. It can also be mounted with the M203 grenade launcher.

Bullpup configuration[edit]

The Tavor uses a bullpup configuration, in which the bolt carrier group is placed behind the pistol grip; this shortens the overall length but does not sacrifice barrel length. As a result, the TAR-21 provides carbine length, yet achieves rifle muzzle velocities.

Last round bolt-open catch[edit]

The Tavor features a last round bolt catch, whereby the bolt holds open after the last round empties.[10] This is a request of modern armies, as it helps to allow soldiers to know when their magazine empties and to reduce reloading times during combat.[11]

Reliability, ease-of-maintenance and waterproofing[edit]

The design objectives of the Tavor aimed for reliability and ease-of-maintenance, particularly under adverse or battlefield conditions.[3] According to Russell C. Tilstra, the Tavor is "easily considered more reliable" than the M16 and M4 series rifles.[12]

The Tavor is designed to be easily field-stripped, without the need for any additional tools.[13]

The rifle is waterproof and its internal mechanism is fully sealed from outside elements.[14]

Tavor Variants[edit]

The Tavor assault rifle comes in different variations:[9]

  • TAR-21 – standard version intended for multirole infantry.
    • GTAR-21 – standard version with notched barrel, to accept an M203 40 mm under-barrel grenade launcher.
  • CTAR-21 – compact short barrel version intended for commandos and special forces.
  • STAR-21designated marksman version with folding under-barrel bipod and Trijicon ACOG 4× magnification sight.
  • MTAR-21 (X95) – the Micro Tavor, see below.
  • Fort-221, Fort-222, Fort-223, Fort-224 - Ukrainian made Tavors, manufactured by RPC Fort (of Ukraine)
  • TC-21 - the semi-automatic Tavor Carbine, see below.

Micro Tavor (X95)[edit]

The IDF with the Micro-Tavor (X-95) on Mount Hermon
An Israel Defense Forces soldier of the unisex Caracal Battalion armed with CTAR-21 with Meprolight 21 reflex sight.
Female IDF soldier with Tavor GTAR-21 with grenade launcher
IDF soldiers with Micro-Tavor (X-95)

The Micro Tavor (MTAR-21), also designated X95 and sometimes called Tavor-2, is a stand-alone extremely compact weapon specifically designed for special forces units, as well as military personnel who are normally not issued long assault rifles.

With the use of a relatively simple conversion kit, the MTAR-21 can be converted from a 5.56 mm assault rifle to a 9 mm submachine gun loaded with 20, 25, and 32-round magazines. A suppressor can also be added to the weapon, as part of the 9 mm conversion kit. An integrated grenade launcher is currently being developed for the Micro Tavor. In November 2009, the Micro Tavor was selected as the future standard infantry weapon of the IDF.[15]

When configured to fire 9 mm rounds, the gun uses a blowback operation to eject and reload rounds, but in the same body as the gas-operated rifle reloading system. It is fed from Uzi magazines. A suppressor can be mounted that allows for the use of standard velocity 9 mm ammunition, not specialized subsonic ammo. The barrel is the same length as the rifle version, but has a 1:10 in rifling twist to stabilize heavy 9 mm bullets.[5]

Compared to the 880 mm (35 in) long M4 with its stock extended with a 14.5 in (370 mm) barrel, the X95 is 590 mm (23 in) long with a 13 in (330 mm) barrel.[5]

It comes in a number of variants (including):[16]

  • X95 (5.56mm, compact assault rifle/carbine with 330mm/13" barrel)
  • X95L (5.56mm, compact assault rifle/carbine with 419mm/16.5" barrel)
  • X95 SMG (9mm, SMG with 330mm/13" barrel)
  • X95R (5.45x39mm,compact assault rifle/carbine with 330mm/13" barrel)[17]
  • X95S (9mm, integrated suppressor with 275mm/10.8" barrel, and a rate of fire of ~1200 rds/min)
7.62 NATO X95

In March 2013, it was reported that IWI would be making an X95 Tavor chambered in 7.62 NATO. The American experience in Iraq and Afghanistan and Israeli experience in Lebanon prompted the need for moving to a caliber with greater lethality and range.[18]

5.45 Russian X95

In April 2013, IWI introduced a conversion kit for the X95, chambered for the 5.45×39mm Russian. The kit was designed for export customers to allow for the rifle to fire 5.45 mm ammunition already used in their inventories[19][20]

Semi-automatic TC-21[edit]

The semi-automatic Tavor Carbine (TC-21) was first made available for civilian customers to purchase in Canada from 2008.[21] The Canadian civilian version initially shipped with the Mepro reflex sight and a slightly longer barrel to meet the Canadian requirement for non-restricted semi-automatic centerfire rifles to have a barrel length of at least 470 mm. Current version are shipped with a full length Picatinny rail, without optics.

IWI started a new US subsidiary, which is manufacturing the semi-automatic Tavor for US sales, with a market date of April 2013. Versions are for sale, with two barrel lengths (16.5" and 18"). The longer barrel is likely to meet NFA requirements for overall length with the muzzle device removed.[22]

As of 2013, the Tavor is available to civilian customers in the United States through IWI's US subsidiary,[22] The weapon is manufactured with a combination of Israeli and US parts. It is available in black, OD green, or flat dark earth colors and with either a 16.5" or 18" barrel. Also available on the 16.5" variant is an integrated Mepro reflex sight. The standard versions come with a full length picatinny rail along the top in addition to the 45-degree offset rail on the ejection side of the foregrip. These variants have an integrated backup sight system that collapses into the rail, with a tritium equipped front post. All variants are compliant with the National Firearms Act. Also available from IWI-US are 9mm luger conversion kits and left-to-right, or vice versa, conversion bolts.

The designations for the US rifles are the Tavor SAR-B16, -B18, -B16L, and -B18L.

Aftermarket parts[edit]

A significant aftermarket of spare and replacement parts has developed around the Tavor, including the development of match grade accurizing triggers for the rifle. Shlomi Sabag, Deputy CEO of IWI, says that one of the indicators of the success of the rifle in the shooting sports or civilian market, is the fact that "an aftermarket of products associated with the Tavor rifle, like triggers, has evolved very quickly." [23]

Awards[edit]

The National Rifle Association's American Rifleman awarded the Tavor the 2014 Golden Bullseye Award as its rifle of the year. The NRA's prestigious award, now in its twelfth year, aims to award the best products available to civilian shooters.[24]

Users[edit]

Local users[edit]

  •  Israel: As part of initial testing by Israel Defense Forces' infantry units, the TAR-21 was distributed to members of the training company of the Tzabar Battalion from the Givati Brigade who were drafted in August 2001. They received their rifles in November 2001 during basic training. Initial testing results were favorable – the TAR-21 was found to be significantly more accurate and reliable (as well as more comfortable) than the M4 carbine during extensive field testing.[25]
Issues with fine sand entering the Tavor's chamber, which were identified over the two years of testing, were rectified by numerous small adjustments. A number of other improvements and changes to the design were also made between 2001–2009. Tavor CTAR-21 rifles saw combat service in Operation Cast Lead, used by Givati Brigade and Golani Brigade, and the soldiers reported the Tavor rifles functioned flawlessly.[26]
In November 2009, the IDF announced that the Micro Tavor (X-95) would become the standard infantry weapon of the IDF, with the addition of an integrated grenade-launcher.[15]
In December 2012, the IDF announced that they would begin equipping and training their new reserve forces with the TAR-21, starting in 2013, with the switch-over by 2018.[27]
In 2014 the IDF announced that in the future (from as early as the end of 2014) some infantry units could start to be issued some numbers of an improved Micro-Tavor, which will have a longer 38 cm barrel (instead of the original 33 cm barrel of the X95), a lighter trigger pull, and a number of other upgrades.[28]

Foreign users[edit]

Guatemalan Navy special forces with STAR-21 designated marksman variant.
Tavor used by Para commandos of the Indian Army
The National Police of Colombia, with the CTAR-21, while arresting drug lord Luis Hernando Gomez-Bustamante
CTAR-21 produced under license by RPC Fort as Fort-221
  •  Azerbaijan: Azerbaijan purchased a number of TAR-21 for the special operations forces of the Azerbaijani Army in August 2008.[29]
  •  Brazil: Taurus, the local firearms manufacturer, produces the Tavor under license for the military.[30] Small numbers are issued to soldiers in the Frontier Brigade.[31]
  •  Cameroon: Issued to the Special Forces of Cameroon Army.[32]
  •  Chad: Issued to Chadian Ground Forces since 2006.[33]
  •  Chile:[34] Investigations Police of Chile
  •  Colombia: The Colombian Army operates the TAR-21 for their special forces, in the army, marines and in the Colombian national police.[35]
  •  Ethiopia: Bodyguards of the Ethiopian Prime Minister were seen with the TAR-21.[36][37]
  •  Georgia: Since 2001, the Georgian Army has entered into a USD 65 million supply agreement for approximately 20 000 TAR-21 rifles (including different variants and grenade launchers). Uses all TAR-21 variants.[38] The rifle was first revealed to the public during a military parade in 2005 with a Special Forces Battalion named Gulua Group carrying it. Further arrangements like a TAR-21 production facility in Georgia were dropped due to pressure from Russia.
  •  Guatemala: Guatemala's police force or PNC (Policia Nacional Civil) operates the TAR-21.[39]
  •  Honduras: Honduran army special forces use the MTAR-21.[40]
  •  India: In late 2002, India signed an INR 880 million (about USD 17.7 million) deal with Israel Military Industries for 3,070 manufactured Tavor assault rifles to be issued to India's special forces personnel,[41] where its ergonomics, reliability in heat and sand might give them an edge at close-quarters and employment from inside vehicles. By 2005, IMI had supplied 350–400 Tavors to India's northern Special Frontier Force (SFF). These were subsequently declared to be "operationally unsatisfactory" due to problems with their foldable buttstocks. The required changes have since been made, and tests in Israel during 2006 went well, clearing the contracted consignment for delivery. The Tavor has now entered operational service – even as India gears up for a larger competition that could feature a 9 mm MTAR-21 version.[42] Known as the Zittara, the rifle is manufactured in India by the Ordnance Factories Board for Indian service,[43] the new Tavors have a modified single-piece stock and new sights, as well as Turkish-made MKEK T-40 40 mm under-barrel grenade launchers.[42] 5,500 have been recently inducted and more rifles are being ordered.[44] A consignment of over 500 TAR-21 Tavor assault rifles and another 30 Galil sniper rifles worth over INR 150 million (USD 3.3 million) and INR 20 million respectively was delivered to the MARCOS (Marine Commandos) in December 2010.[45]
India's paramilitary and counter-insurgency Central Reserve Police Force CRPF ordered 12000 Micro Tavor (X-95) rifles (designation X-95), with the rifles entering service in early 2011. Following the use of the weapon by Indian forces fighting the insurgency in Kashmir, CRPF commanders have stated that the X-95 is a more effective assault rifle than the AK-47, due to its small-size, power, longer-range and lighter-weight.[46]
IWI has been awarded a $100 million contract to establish a factory in Vietnam to produce an unspecified number of Galil ACE assault rifles, as well as others such as the Tavor, for the People's Army of Vietnam.[63]
  •  USA: In August 2013, IWI US announced that the Pennsylvania Capitol Police had adopted the Tavor SAR, a variant specifically designed for the U.S. market.[64] In July 2014, it was announced that the Lakewood, New Jersey Police Department would begin to adopt the Tavor SAR, after the weapon "met the demands and requirements of the Lakewood PD for reliability, ease-of-maintenance, durability and accuracy."[65]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Modern Firearms – Tavor TAR-21 assault rifle. World.guns.ru. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  2. ^ IDF Adopts New Special Forces Weapon, David Eshel, Dec 05, 2008, aviationweek.com
  3. ^ a b c Decidedly Different: The IWI Tavor By Brian Sheetz, May 28, 2013 American Rifleman
  4. ^ a b c TAVOR History
  5. ^ a b c d e IWI X95: A Bullpup For IDF Special Forces - SAdefensejournal.com, 21 March 2012
  6. ^ a b Future Weapons, by Kevin Dockery, (Penguin 2007)
  7. ^ The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II, By Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014) page 25-28
  8. ^ "Bullpup Forum SHOT Show Interview". Bullpup Forum. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  9. ^ a b "Israel Weapon Industries (I.W.I.): TAVOR TAR-21 5.56 mm". Israel-weapon.com. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  10. ^ "Tavor - IWI US". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  11. ^ The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II , By Russell C. Tilstra, Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014), page 98
  12. ^ The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II, By Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014) page 97
  13. ^ Tavor Sar page 14
  14. ^ The Gun Digest Book of Assault Weapons (Gun Digest Books, 26 Sep 2007), By Jack Lewis, Robert K. Campbell, David Steele, page 246
  15. ^ a b מיקרו–תבור לכל לוחם חי"ר. Dover.idf.il. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  16. ^ [1] IWI X95 brochure
  17. ^ IWI page about X95-R. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  18. ^ IWI Developing A 7.62mm Tavor X95 Rifle - Thefirearmblog.com, March 5, 2013
  19. ^ Israel Weapon Industries Extends Capabilities Of X95 Assault Rifle For Defense Agencies, Jewish Business News, Apr 28th, 2013
  20. ^ "IWI unveils conversion kit for X95 assault rifle - News - Shephard". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "IWI Tavor civilian semi-automatic carbine". Canadaammo.com. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  22. ^ a b [2] IWI-US.
  23. ^ The success of the 'Tavor' has taken us by surprise" Amir Rapaport 10/3/2014
  24. ^ [3] - The IWI US TAVOR SAR is the 2014 American Rifleman Rifle of the Year
  25. ^ Future Weapons - Tavor assault rifle. Youtube.com.
  26. ^ לאור תפקודו במבצע: אין עוד צורך בשיפור התבור, IDF Spokesperson, in Hebrew (In English the title reads: "Due to its performance during the operation: there are no further improvements required in the Tavor")
  27. ^ Israeli Army reserve soldiers to be equipped with Tavor TAR-21 - Armyrecognition.com, December 15, 2012
  28. ^ ישראל דיפנס, הכתבה הופיעה במלואה במקור במגזין "במחנה" גיליון 47, 12 דצמבר 2013.
  29. ^ Shahin Abbasov (2009-08-16). "Azerbaijan Mum about Israeli Spy Plane, Satellite Projects". EurasiaNet.org. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  30. ^ A Taurus e o Tavor. Defesabrasil.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  31. ^ Julio Montes. "Elites of the Exercito Brasiliero, Page 1". Small Arms Defense Journal. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  32. ^ "On The Ground With Cameroon's Army Trying To Stop Boko Haram". YouTube. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  33. ^ Israeli arms transfers to sub-Saharan Africa
  34. ^ a b Equiparán más unidades con potentes fusiles israelíes 30 de Marzo de 2012, El Heraldo
  35. ^ IMI Tavor. Unffmm.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.[dead link]
  36. ^ What kind of gun Meles Zenawi bodyguards carry?, May 23, 2010, Posted by ocean, http://ethiopiaforums.com
  37. ^ Meles urges recognition of poll win, Barry Malone and David Clarke, May 25, 2010, ethiomedia.com
  38. ^ "Armament of the Georgian Army". Georgian Army. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  39. ^ "Agentes todavía no saben utilizar fusiles comprados por el Gobierno". Elperiodico.com.gt. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  40. ^ "Equiparán más unidades con MTAR 21". elheraldo.hn. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  41. ^ "One FIR, Govt blacklists 7 firms, hits artillery upgrade". The Indian Express. 2009-06-05. p. 2. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  42. ^ a b Tavor-21 Rifle Headed Into Service With Indian Special Forces. Defenseindustrydaily.com (2007-02-28). Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  43. ^ Ordnance Factory Board. Ofbindia.gov.in. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  44. ^ "To give 'irregulars' punch, forces go shopping for hi-tech weapons". The Times Of India. 2011-01-13. 
  45. ^ Israeli TAR-21 Tavor Assault Rifles for Indian Navy Commandos, 2011-01-12, IANS, bharat-rakshak.com
  46. ^ Israeli-made rifle TAVOR better than AK-47: official Published: Thursday, February 3, 2011, 0:01 [IST]
  47. ^ "Macedonian Armed Forces - photo and video thread - Page 3". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  48. ^ Compra la policía capitalina armas israelíes Excelsior, 22/08/2011 05:00 Gerardo Jiménez
  49. ^ http://www.vanguardngr.com/epaper/2011/december/13122011/index.html
  50. ^ Ben-David, Alon (September 23, 2009). "In the Line of Fire: Infantry Weapons". Jane's Defence Weekly (ISSN: 02653818).
  51. ^ Philstar Online PDEA acquires 120 new assault rifles
  52. ^ Substituição da G-3: Governo recorreu para o Supremo, Diário Digital
  53. ^ Militares vão continuar a utilizar as velhas 'G3', Diário de Notícias (Portuguese)
  54. ^ "ข่าวการจัดหาอาวุธของกองทัพบก". นายสิบไทยดอทคอม. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  55. ^ DefenseNews.com Thailand Plans $191.3M Arms Purchase
  56. ^ Cabinet nod for Israeli rifles
  57. ^ http://www.dha.com.tr/fotogaleri/orj/27057_1885_03102012_4.jpg
  58. ^ http://www.dha.com.tr/fotogaleri/orj/27057_1885_03102012_3.jpg
  59. ^ Tavory dla Ukrainy. Altair. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  60. ^ > Луценко продемонстрировал новое украинское стрелковое оружие, 02.10.2008, videonews.com.ua
  61. ^ "Ukraińskie Tavory w kalibrze 5,45 mm - Altair Agencja Lotnicza". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  62. ^ Súng trường uy lực của hải quân đánh bộ Việt Nam Thế giớiQuân sự | Cập nhật thứ ba, ngày 07/05/13
  63. ^ Israel's defense industry targets Vietnam 18/07/2012, 12:27, Yuval Azulai
  64. ^ Pennsylvania State Capitol Police Adopt IWI US TAVOR SAR Rifle - Thefirearmblog.com, 28 August 2013
  65. ^ IWI US, Inc. Receives Contract from Township of Lakewood, New Jersey Police Department SOURCE: ISRAELI WEAPON INDUSTRIES (IWI) US, INC. JUL 10, 2014]

External links[edit]