Taxus chinensis

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Taxus chinensis
Taxus chinensis.jpg
Morton Arboretum Acc. 1378-56-2
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Taxaceae
Genus: Taxus
Species: T. chinensis
Binomial name
Taxus chinensis
(Rehder & E.H.Wilson) Rehder
Subspecies

Taxus chinensis var. mairei

Taxus chinensis is a species of yew. It is commonly called the Chinese yew, though this term also refers to Taxus celebica or Taxus sumatrana.

(Taxus celebica), a large, ornamental evergreen shrub or tree of the yew family (Taxaceae), widespread in China at elevations up to 900 meters (3,000 feet). The tree is up to 14 m (46 ft) tall and wide and bushy when cultivated. The leaves are up to 4 centimeters (112 inches) long—broader than those of most other yews—and often end in a very small, sharp point. The underside of each leaf has two broad yellow stripes and is densely covered with minute projections.

Taxifolin can be found in Taxus chinensis var. mairei.[2]

This plant is used against cancer.[3][4] Paclitaxel or Taxol can be produced. The tree can also be used in many other ways and is under special protection of national and international laws.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Template:IUCN2013
  2. ^ Chemistry of Chinese yew, Taxus chinensis var. mairei. Cunfang Li, Changhong Huo , Manli Zhang, Qingwen Shi, Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, Volume 36, Issue 4, April 2008, Pages 266–282, doi:10.1016/j.bse.2007.08.002
  3. ^ "紅豆杉 Hongdoushan_School of Chinese Medicine". 
  4. ^ "红豆杉_Baidu".