Taxus globosa

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Taxus globosa
Taxus globosa foliage.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Coniferophyta
Class: Taxopsida
Order: Taxales
Family: Taxaceae
Genus: Taxus
Species: T. globosa
Binomial name
Taxus globosa
Schltdl.

Taxus globosa or Mexican yew is an evergreen shrub and one of the eight species of yew. The Mexican yew is a rare species, only known to be found in a small number of locations in eastern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras,[1] and is listed as an endangered species. The Mexican yew is a shrub that grows to an average height of 4.6m. It has large, sharp light green needles growing in ranks on either side of its branches.

There are several projects in order to produce Paclitaxel (an anti-tumor agent) around the world, but Mexican yew has not been as well studied because its low production of Taxol (Bringi et al., 1995) [2] by in vitro plant cell cultures. Few researchers focus their work on this species, the team leader on Taxus globosa S. is perhaps that of Barradas.[3] at Veracruz Institute of Technology (Instituto Tecnológico de Veracruz)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Taxus globosa, Schlectendahl, 1838, found here retrieved on March 10, 2007
  2. ^ Bringi V, Prakash G. K., Prince C. L., Schubmehl B. F., Kane E. J., Roach B.. 1995. “Enhanced production of taxol and taxanes by cell cultures of taxus species”. Patent number (USA): 5407816, Assigned to: Phyton Catalytic Inc.
  3. ^ Barradas, D. D. Ma., Hayward, J. P. M., Mata, R. M., Palmeros, S. B., Platas, B. O. B. J., Velázquez, T. R. F.. (2010). Taxus globosa S. cell lines: Initiation, selection and characterization in terms of growth, and of baccatin III and paclitaxel production. Biocell, 34 (1), 1-6.