Taylor County, Georgia

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Taylor County, Georgia
Taylor County, GA Courthouse.JPG
Map of Georgia highlighting Taylor County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded January 15, 1852
Named for Zachary Taylor
Seat Butler
Largest city Butler
Area
 • Total 380 sq mi (984 km2)
 • Land 377 sq mi (976 km2)
 • Water 3.0 sq mi (8 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 8,906
 • Density 24/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Taylor County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,906.[1] The county seat is Butler.[2]

History[edit]

Taylor County was created on January 15, 1852, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly from portions of Macon, Marion and Talbot counties.

The County is named for Zachary Taylor, twelfth President of the United States.

The land for building the courthouse was purchased from Andrew McCants, John T. Gray, John Sturdivant, John L. Parker, and a Mr. Covington. (from a meeting minutes March 8, 1852)

Militia districts in the county included Prattsburg 737, Hall 743, Reynolds 741, Butler 757, Cedar Creek 1071, and Whitewater 853.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 380 square miles (980 km2), of which 377 square miles (980 km2) is land and 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.8%) is water.[3]

Taylor County is dissected by the Fall Line geological formation. The upper half of the county is located in the Piedmont region and consists of gently rolling hills and clay-based soils. The lower half of the county is located in the Upper Atlantic Coastal Plain and is markedly flatter and the soil more sandy. The Flint River marks the entirety of the county's northeastern border.

The county is driven by a largely agricultural economy. Peaches, strawberries, pecans, peanuts, watermelons, and cotton are the most commonly raised crops. Lumbering is also important to the local economy. The county is heavily forested in most areas due in part to the many large plantation pine farms. There are also many desirable hardwood forests, especially along the Flint River basin and tributary streams. The southwestern portion of the county is covered with large sandhills that have given rise to several stable sand mining operations.

The county supports a very healthy population of animals, including White-tailed deer, Wild turkey, Eastern cottontail, Raccoon, Coyote, Bobcat, Nine-banded armadillo, Virginia opossum, Red-tailed hawk, and the federally endangered Florida gopher tortoise. Taylor County is home to five of North America's venomous snakes (Eastern diamondback rattlesnake, Timber rattlesnake, Carolina pigmy rattlesnake, Eastern coral snake, Water moccasin, and Copperhead), representing every North American family of venomous snake.

The dominant tree species are Southern Red Oak, Post Oak, Longleaf Pine, Loblolly Pine, Sweetgum, and Red Maple. Taylor County contains the largest stands of Atlantic White Cedar in the state of Georgia. These stands can be found along much of Whitewater and Little Whitewater Creeks and are at the heart of a growing movement to conserve these unique plant communities for posterity.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 5,998
1870 7,143 19.1%
1880 8,597 20.4%
1890 8,666 0.8%
1900 9,846 13.6%
1910 10,839 10.1%
1920 11,473 5.8%
1930 10,617 −7.5%
1940 10,768 1.4%
1950 9,113 −15.4%
1960 8,311 −8.8%
1970 7,865 −5.4%
1980 7,902 0.5%
1990 7,642 −3.3%
2000 8,815 15.3%
2010 8,906 1.0%
Est. 2013 8,464 −5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 8,815 people, 3,281 households, and 2,283 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 3,978 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.39% White, 42.56% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.93% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 1.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,281 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.50% were married couples living together, 20.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,148, and the median income for a family was $30,000. Males had a median income of $30,278 versus $20,241 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,432. About 20.20% of families and 26.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.90% of those under age 18 and 24.70% of those age 65 or over.

In the mid-2000s, Taylor County was noted in national news media as being one of the last areas in the South to hold racially segregated proms. Taylor County High School's first integrated prom was held 2002, but was not repeated the following year.[9][10] The event was the basis for the 2006 movie For One Night.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ CNN
  10. ^ Films.com

Coordinates: 32°33′N 84°15′W / 32.55°N 84.25°W / 32.55; -84.25