Taylor County, West Virginia

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Taylor County, West Virginia
Map of West Virginia highlighting Taylor County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded January 19, 1844
Named for John Taylor of Caroline
Seat Grafton
Largest city Grafton
Area
 • Total 176 sq mi (456 km2)
 • Land 173 sq mi (448 km2)
 • Water 2.9 sq mi (8 km2), 1.7%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 16,991
 • Density 93/sq mi (36/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.taylorcounty.wv.gov

Taylor County is a county located in the State of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,895.[1] Its county seat is Grafton.[2] Named for Sen. John Taylor of Caroline, it was formed in 1844.[3]

Taylor County is part of the Clarksburg, WV Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

This area was populated by the Adena culture in the Pre-Columbian Woodland period of the Native Americans in the United States.

Some of the first Europeans to visit the area are thought to have been British Army deserters from Fort Pitt, who reportedly fled their post in 1761 during the French and Indian War and roamed northwestern Virginia for several years thereafter. A European trader with the Hudson's Bay Company reportedly set foot in these lands as early as 1764.[4]

Pruntytown is the oldest remaining town in present-day Taylor County. Initially known as Cross Roads, Pruntytown was renamed Williamsport in honor of Abraham Williams, a longtime resident, on January 1, 1801. The name was changed to honor pioneer resident John Prunty on January 23, 1845. The town served as the county seat of government from the county's founding in 1844 until a county election in 1878 moved that honor to Grafton, West Virginia.[5]

The county was established by the Virginia General Assembly on January 19, 1844. It was formed out of parts of Barbour, Harrison, and Marion counties in Virginia. Most historians think the county was named after John Taylor of Caroline, while a minority believe it was named after Zachary Taylor.[6]

The county became part of West Virginia in 1863. The county is home of Anna Jarvis, founder of the Mother's Day holiday, as well as the International Mother's Day Shrine.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 176 square miles (460 km2), of which 173 square miles (450 km2) is land and 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) (1.7%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 5,367
1860 7,463 39.1%
1870 9,367 25.5%
1880 11,455 22.3%
1890 12,147 6.0%
1900 14,978 23.3%
1910 16,554 10.5%
1920 18,742 13.2%
1930 19,114 2.0%
1940 19,919 4.2%
1950 18,422 −7.5%
1960 15,010 −18.5%
1970 13,878 −7.5%
1980 16,584 19.5%
1990 15,144 −8.7%
2000 16,089 6.2%
2010 16,895 5.0%
Est. 2012 16,991 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2012[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 16,089 people, 6,320 households, and 4,487 families residing in the county. The population density was 93 people per square mile (36/km²). There were 7,125 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.07% White, 0.83% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.06% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 0.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,320 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,124, and the median income for a family was $32,222. Males had a median income of $29,349 versus $20,116 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,681. About 15.30% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.00% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/counties/taylor.html
  4. ^ ["Early History of Taylor County," West Virginia University http://www.polsci.wvu.edu/wv/Taylor/tayhistory.html]
  5. ^ ["Early History of Taylor County," West Virginia University http://www.polsci.wvu.edu/wv/Taylor/tayhistory.html]
  6. ^ ["Early History of Taylor County," West Virginia University http://www.polsci.wvu.edu/wv/Taylor/tayhistory.html]
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°20′N 80°03′W / 39.34°N 80.05°W / 39.34; -80.05