Taylor Cub

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Cub
Taylor E-2 Cub NC13146 DLB.jpg
Taylor E-2 Cub at the Golden Age Air Museum in Bethel, Pennsylvania.
Role utility
Manufacturer Taylor Aircraft Company
Designer C. Gilbert Taylor
First flight 12 September 1930
Produced 1930 - 1936
Number built 353
Unit cost
$1325 in 1931[1]

The Taylor Cub was originally designed by C. Gilbert Taylor as a small, light and simple utility aircraft, evolved from the Arrowing Chummy. It is the forefather of the popular Piper J-3 Cub, over 20,000 of which were built.[citation needed]

Design and development[edit]

In 1930, C. G. Taylor and the Taylor Aircraft Company embarked on the production of a two-seat tandem low-powered aircraft, designated the Taylor Cub. The Cub featured a design with wings mounted high on the fuselage, an open cockpit, fabric-covered tubular steel fuselage and wooden wings which used the USA-35B airfoil. It was originally powered by a 20 horsepower (14.9 kilowatt) Brownback "Tiger Kitten" engine. Since the young offspring of the tiger is called a cub, Taylor's accountant, Gilbert Hadrel, was inspired to name the little airplane "The Cub".[citation needed]

The "Tiger Kitten" engine roared but was not strong enough to power the Cub. On September 12, 1930, a test flight of the Taylor Cub ended abruptly when the aircraft ran out of runway; the underpowered engine was unable to lift the monoplane higher than five feet (1.5 meters) above the ground. In October, a Salmson AD-9 radial engine produced in France was fitted to the Cub giving good performance, but it was expensive to maintain.[citation needed]

Finally in February 1931, Taylor introduced an improved Cub airframe, powered by the newly developed Continental Motors 37 horsepower (27.6 kilowatt) A-40 engine. The new Taylor E-2 Cub was awarded Category 2 or "Memo" certificate 2-358 on June 15, 1931 and licensed by the U.S. Department of Commerce for manufacture (it was later awarded full Approved Type Certificate A-455 on November 7). Twenty-two E-2 Cubs were sold during 1931, retailing for $1,325; by 1935, cost had increased to $1475 and by the end of production in February 1936, 353 Cubs had been built at Emery Airport, Bradford.[citation needed]

Variants[edit]

Approved Type Certificate A-525 for the Taylor F-2.
Taylor E-2
Prototype first flown in September 1930 with a 20 hp (15 kW) Brownbach Tiger Kitten engine, engine changed to a 40 hp (30 kW) Salmson D-9 radial in October 1930. although the D-9 had enough power for the E-2 it was expensive and was built to metric sizes which would have caused maintenance problems.
Taylor E-2 Cub
Production variant of the E-2 with the Continental A-40-2 or in later production the improved A-40-3 engine, produced from 1931 to 1936.
Taylor F-2
Persistent troubles with the early A-40 engines on the E-2 led to a search for other suitable powerplants. First choice was the Aeromarine AR-3-40, a three-cylinder air-cooled radial engine which produced 40 horsepower at 2050 RPM. The Aeromarine-powered Cub was designated the F-2.[citation needed] One float-equipped aircraft was designated F-2S.
Approved Type Certificate A-525 was awarded on February 16, 1934, and the F-2 had an initial price of $1495. Approximately 33 were made.[citation needed]
Taylor G-2
In another search for a replacement for the A-40, Taylor went to the extreme of designing and building his own 35-40 horsepower engine. This was fitted to serial number 149, registration X14756. The Taylor-powered Cub was designated the G-2.[citation needed]
No information was published about the one-off engine, and no details are known today. With a new engine, this aircraft would become the Taylor H-2.[citation needed]
a Szekely radial engine on display
Taylor H-2
The G-2 Cub was re-engined with a 35 horsepower Szekely (pronounced Say-Kai) SR-3-35, another three-cylinder air-cooled radial engine which produced 35 hp at 1750 RPM. The Szekely-powered Cub was designated the H-2.[citation needed]
Approved Type Certificate A-572 was awarded on May 28, 1935. Three F-2's were converted to this engine (serial numbers 40, 66 and 74), for a total of four H-2's.[citation needed]
In 1937, Beverly Dodge and a passenger set the women's altitude record (16,800 feet) in a Szekely powered Taylor H-2.[citation needed]
Taylor J-2
The Taylor J-2 was the final iteration of the Cub series under the Taylor name, before the company renamed itself to Piper Aircraft in November 1937, production had moved from Bradford to Lock Haven, Pennsylvania earlier in 1937 following the destruction of the Bradford factory by fire.[citation needed]
Taylorcraft A
When C. G. Taylor broke with Taylor Aircraft and founded the new company Taylor-Young, its first aircraft, originally known as the Taylor-Young Model A, was little more than a refined Cub with side-by-side seating. Taylor-Young soon changed its name to Taylorcraft and the Model A became the Taylorcraft A, first in the Taylorcraft series.[citation needed]

Operators[edit]

Military operators[edit]

 Nicaragua

Specifications (Taylor E-2 Cub)[edit]

Taylor E-2 Cub on display at the Canada Aviation and Space Museum in Ottawa, Ontario

Reference:[citation needed] General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ Popular Aviation: 73. December 1931. 
  • Bowers, Peter M. (1993). Piper Cubs. McGraw Hill. ISBN 0-8306-2170-9. 
  • "The Piper Cub" by Roger Guillemette, US Centennial of Flight Commission, retrieved December 6, 2005
  • "Szekely SR-3 L" Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome, retrieved December 6, 2005

External links[edit]