Taymyr Autonomous Okrug

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Coordinates: 69°24′N 86°11′E / 69.400°N 86.183°E / 69.400; 86.183

Taymyr Dolgano-Nenets Autonomous Okrug on the 2005 of Russia
Map of Taymyria

Taymyr Dolgano-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Russian: Таймы́рский Долга́но-Не́нецкий автоно́мный о́круг, Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky avtonomny okrug), or Taymyria, was a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Krasnoyarsk Krai), the northernmost in mainland Russia (and thus Asia). It is named after the Taymyr Peninsula. It is also called Dolgan-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Долгано-Ненецкий автономный округ), by the name of the indigenous people, Dolgans and Nenetses.

With an area of 862,100 km² (ranked 4th) and a population of 39,786 (2002 Census), the autonomous okrug was one of the least densely populated areas of Russia as of 2006. Dudinka, with more than half of Taymyria's inhabitants, is the administrative center.

Following a referendum on the issue held on April 17, 2005, Taymyr Dolgano-Nenets and Evenk Autonomous Okrugs were merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai effective January 1, 2007. Taymyria was given a special status within Krasnoyarsk Krai and incorporated as Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Landscape of Taymyr
Indigenous people of Taymyr

The city of Norilsk, even though it is geographically located within Taymyr Autonomous Okrug, was administratively subordinated directly to Krasnoyarsk Krai prior to the merger. This also applied to the urban-type settlement of Snezhnogorsk, which was administratively subrodinated to Norilsk. Therefore, the okrug's population reported by the Census authorities does not include the populations of Norilsk and Snezhnogorsk.

In Popular Culture[edit]

Although not actually having been filmed in Taymyr, it is depicted in the 1985 film White Nights, starring Mikhail Baryshnikov and Gregory Hines. During the opening moments of the film, Baryshnikov's character Nikolai Rodchenko - a Soviet defector - is on a passenger plane that crash lands at "Norilsk Air Base." He inevitably is taken into the home of Hines' character - a US defector - and his wife (played by Isabella Rossellini), where they advise him that he is in Taymyr upon regaining consciousness.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

(2002): 39,786.

Vital statistics[edit]

Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000)
1970 38 761 299 462 20.0 7.9 12.2
1975 42 857 317 540 20.4 7.5 12.9
1980 46 996 333 663 21.7 7.2 14.4
1985 51 1 104 370 734 21.6 7.3 14.4
1990 51 842 360 482 16.4 7.0 9.4
1991 50 789 335 454 15.8 6.7 9.1
1992 48 692 401 291 14.4 8.3 6.0
1993 46 617 448 169 13.4 9.7 3.7
1994 44 585 518 67 13.3 11.8 1.5
1995 43 537 501 36 12.6 11.8 0.8
1996 42 486 441 45 11.7 10.6 1.1
1997 41 483 374 109 11.9 9.2 2.7
1998 40 498 368 130 12.6 9.3 3.3
1999 39 448 376 72 11.6 9.7 1.9
2000 38 460 438 22 12.0 11.4 0.6
2001 39 562 438 124 14.5 11.3 3.2
2002 39 608 397 211 15.5 10.1 5.4
2003 39 625 386 239 15.9 9.8 6.1
2004 39 637 345 292 16.5 8.9 7.6
2005 38 548 369 179 14.5 9.7 4.7
2006 37 540 347 193 14.5 9.3 5.2

Ethnic groups[edit]

Of the 39,786 residents (as of the 2002 census) 1,018 (2.6%) chose not to specify their ethnic background. A quarter of the population identified themselves as indigenous Siberians (Dolgans, Nenets, Nganasans, Evenks, or Enets). 58.6% of the population were ethnic Russians. Other nationalities included 2,423 Ukrainians (6.1%), 587 Volga Germans (1.5%), 425 Tatars (1.1%), 294 Belarusians (0.7%) and 239 Azeris (0.6%)

Ethnic
group
1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Dolgans1 3,971 13.8% 3,934 11.8% 4,344 11.4% 4,338 9.7% 4,939 8.9% 5,517 13.9%
Nenets 2,523 8.8% 1,878 5.6% 2,247 5.9% 2,345 5.2% 2,446 4.4% 3,054 7.7%
Enets2 103 0.2% 197 0.5%
Nganasans3 682 2.0% 765 2.0% 746 1.7% 849 1.5% 766 1.9%
Evenks 563 2.0% 412 1.2% 413 1.1% 338 0.8% 311 0.6% 305 0.8%
Russians 16,931 59.0% 21,799 65.3% 25,465 66.9% 30,640 68.2% 37,438 67.1% 23,348 58.6%
Others 4,723 16.5% 4,677 14.0% 4,826 12.7% 6,546 14.6% 9,717 17.4% 6,629 16.7%
Notes:
  1. In the 1939 and 1959 census Dolgans were counted as Yakuts.
  2. In the 1939, 1959, 1970 and 1979 census Enets were counted as Nenets.
  3. In the 1939 census Nganasans were counted as Nenets.