|Native name: Russian: Остров Таймыр|
Location of Taymyr Island in the Kara Sea, due south of the Nordenskiöld Archipelago.
|Length||33 km (20.5 mi)|
|Width||10 km (6 mi)|
Taymyr Island, Russian: Остров Таймыр (Ostrov Taymyr), is a large island in the coast of the Kara Sea. Its length is 33 km (21 mi) and its average width about 10 km (6.2 mi). This island is located west of the Taymyr Gulf in an area of skerries right off the western coast of the Taymyr Peninsula. The narrow strait between Taymyr island and the Siberian coast is called Proliv Taymyrskiy It is about 3 km (1.9 mi) wide on average.
The shores of Taymyr Island and some of its larger neighboring islands, like Nansena, Bonevi and Pilota Makhotkina, are deeply indented, with many crooked inlets. The sounds between this island and neighboring islands are also somewhat labyrinthic. Geologically all these coastal islands are a continuation of the Nordenskiöld Archipelago which lies further north.
The sea surrounding Taymyr Island is covered with pack ice with some polynias during the long and bitter winters and there are many ice floes even in the summer.
Taymyr Island belongs to the Krasnoyarsk Krai administrative division of Russia and is part of the Great Arctic State Nature Reserve – the largest nature reserve of Russia and one of the biggest in the world.
In October 1900, during Baron Eduard von Toll’s fateful last expedition, winter quarters for ship Zarya were set at Nablyudeniy Island and a scientific station was built there. This is a small granite island southwest of Taymyr Island, located in a bay that Baron Toll named Bukhta Kolin Archera (Colin Archer Bay), after the shipyard where Zarya had been built.
- Location: 
- William Barr, Baron Eduard von Toll’s Last Expedition, 1900-1903.
- Taymyr Island and adjacent islands: 
- Nature Reserve: 
- Nansen's explorations: 
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