Taytay, Rizal

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Taytay
Municipality
Old Taytay Municipal Plaza
Old Taytay Municipal Plaza
Official seal of Taytay
Seal
Motto: Fly High Taytay
Map of Rizal showing the location of Taytay
Map of Rizal showing the location of Taytay
Taytay is located in Philippines
Taytay
Taytay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°34′N 121°08′E / 14.567°N 121.133°E / 14.567; 121.133Coordinates: 14°34′N 121°08′E / 14.567°N 121.133°E / 14.567; 121.133
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Rizal
District 1st District of Rizal
Founded 1906
Government[1]
 • Mayor Janet De Leon - Mercado (NPC)
Area[2]
 • Total 38.80 km2 (14.98 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 288,956
 • Density 7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 1920
Dialing code 2
Income class 1st class, ;partially urban

The Municipality of Taytay is a first class, densely populated municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines.[4] It is currently the third most populous municipality in the country. Conurbated with Metro Manila, it is bounded by Cainta on the north, Pasig City and Taguig City on the west, Antipolo City in the East and Angono on the South. It is the "Woodworks and Garments Capital Of the Philippines", although there are efforts underway to convert it into a city.

History[edit]

Taytay began as a settlement situated near the Laguna de Bay that formed part of the Kingdom of Namayan whose seat of power was situated in what is now Sta. Ana, Manila.

Upon the arrival of the Spaniards, the Augustinians proceeded to evangelize the inhabitants there and established a parish named Visita de Sta. Ana de Sapa in 1579. The Jesuits took over the administration of the parish in 1591. As the old settlement was prone to flooding due to its proximity to the lake, Fr. Pedro Chirino, the Jesuit parish priest at that time, moved the parish further inland atop a hill, where the present St. John the Baptist Church stands to this day.[5] Along with the parish, many of the inhabitants relocated inland as well near the church.

Around the same time, the Encomienda of Taitay was created in 1582, placed under the jurisdiction of the old province of Tondo.

In 1853, Taytay was placed under the jurisdiction of a political subdivision later known as the Distrito Politico-Militar de Morong, along with most of the towns that now comprise present-day Rizal province. 

Taytay suffered heavy casualties during the Philippine–American War in 1899, with the church almost burned down and most of the town razed to the ground.[5]

 On June 11, 1901, Taytay became part of the newly created Province of Rizal by virtue of an Act No. 137 enacted by the First Philippine Commission.

In 1903, Taytay was merged with the neighboring towns of Cainta and Angono by virtue of Act No. 942. That did not last long as Angono was separated to be merged with Binangonan later that year and Cainta became an independent town again in 1914.[6]

During the Second World War, Taytay was occupied by Japanese forces in 1942. Local Filipino soldiers of the pre-war 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary liberated and entered Taytay in 1945 to help the recognized guerrilla fighter units to defeat and attack the Japanese Imperial Army forces during the Southern Luzon Campaign or Southern Tagalog Campaign and ended in World War II under the Japanese Occupation.

On November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, which created the Metro Manila Area, Taytay was among the towns that remained with the Province of Rizal.

Campaign for cityhood[edit]

In 2007, then Taytay Mayor Joric Gacula announced the town's bid to become a city, citing that it has met the requirements in terms of population, area, and income.[7]

Its bid was supported by the League of Cities of the Philippines[8] and then governor of Rizal, Casimiro Ynares III.[9]

However, upon the assumption of Janet de Leon-Mercado to the mayoralty post in 2013, the cityhood campaign was set aside for the meantime, citing that there are priorities that needed to be attended to before cityhood.[10]

Geography[edit]

It is situated in the province’s western portion, bounded by the grids 14° 34’ 24” north latitude and 121° 07’ 48” east longitude. It shares boundaries with Cainta in the Northwest, Antipolo in the North-northeast, Angono in the East-southeast and Taguig in the Southwest. The municipality is sited to East of Pasig City and to the North of Laguna Lake. It has an area of 38.80 km² representing 3.3% of Rizal Province’s land area.

The shape of Taytay is rectangular – trapezoidal with gently hilly rolling terrain on its eastern side while relatively flat on its southwestern side, including the poblacion. The municipality’s highest elevation ranges from 200 to 255 meters which is situated along the inner north-eastern hills of Barangay Dolores, alongside the Antipolo Boundary. Its lowest points are from 5 to 20 meters along the southern portion of Barangay San Juan and Muzon towards Laguna Lake.

From Laguna de Bay, Pasig River runs between Taguig City, and Taytay, Rizal, before entering Pasig City.

The Manggahan Floodway lessens flood conditions in Metro Manila by carrying flood waters to Laguna de Bay, but contributes to flooding of the coastal areas of Taguig, Taytay, and other towns in Laguna and Rizal along the lake.

The municipality is principally drained by southwest trending rivers such as Taytay River, Panghulo River, and Napindan Channel, all of which empties into Laguna Lake. Taytay River flows across Barangays Dolores and San Isidro and joins Antipolo River (present course of Manggahan Floodway) as it passes through the southern end of Barangays Sta. Ana and San Juan. Panghulo River snakes its way from upper Taytay across Barangay San Juan towards the southern portion of Barangay Muzon. Napindan Channel crosses the southern boundaries of Barangay Sta. Ana and San Juan as it empties into Laguna Lake. Bangiad Creek, found at the southeastern limits of the municipality, flows southwest ward across Barangay Muzon, extending toward Laguna Lake.

Location[edit]

Taytay is 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) away from Pasig City, the former provincial seat of government of Rizal. It is accessible from various points from Metro Manila through the Ortigas Extension Avenue, Manila East Road, Felix Avenue (formerly Imelda Avenue), A. Bonifacio Avenue, Manggahan Floodway, and Sumulong Highway.

Barangays[edit]

Taytay is politically subdivided into five barangays. Its capital is Brgy. San Juan, is the largest area in Taytay and the center of industry in the municipality.

Barangay Population Barangay Captain Land Area (ha.)
Dolores (Poblacion) 59,914 Allan De Leon 1,237
Muzon 23,837 Aniel "Bugloy" Cruz 341
San Isidro 36,450 Dante Cruz "DCF" Francisco 442
San Juan 88,321 Joseph Valera 1,490
Santa Ana 53,963 Joselito "Joey" Calderon 630

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Taytay
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 112,403 —    
1995 144,748 +5.19%
2000 198,183 +6.49%
2007 262,485 +4.10%
2010 288,956 +3.25%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Local government[edit]

New Taytay Municipal Hall

Elected officials:

  • Mayor: Janet De Leon - Mercado (NPC)
  • Vice Mayor: Carlito Gonzaga (NPC)
  • Councilors:
  1. Jan Victor Cabitac (NPC)
  2. Sharon De Leon - Macabebe (NPC)
  3. Archie Calderon
  4. Michell Bermundo
  5. Sophia Cabral
  6. Gene Resurreccion
  7. Kristopher Charles Esguerra
  8. George Ricardo R. Gacula II
  • ABC President: Joseph C. Valera

List of former mayors[edit]

Name Title Served (From) Until
Adaucto Ocampo Mayor 1901 1907
Antonio Esguerra Mayor 1935 1945
Manuel I. Santos OIC 1946 1946
Felix Sanvictores Mayor 1947 1951
Manuel I. Santos Mayor 1952 1963
Benjamin Esguerra Mayor 1963 1980
Ricardo J.Rufino Mayor 1980 1986
Romeo De leon Mayor 1986 1988
Godefredo C. Valera Mayor 1988 1998
June Valera Zapanta Mayor 1998 2004
George Ricardo Gacula Mayor 2004 2013
Janet De leon Mercado Mayor 2013 Present

Seal[edit]

The Municipal seal is composed of a single circular arc then resembles the word "BAYAN NG TAYTAY" at the upper part and "LALAWIGAN NG RIZAL" at the lower part. The emblem at the center represents the town, color blue at the left side and red color at the right side, both came from the Philippine Flag. The left side resembles two-crossed hammers and grills, represents the Taytay's industrious workers. The right side resembles a sewing machine and a scissor, then represents the People of Taytay which are marked in the field of Dress-making. The Five stars at the most upper part, represents the five barangays that compose the municipality.

Economy[edit]

English: (From left to right). The photo on the left side shows the new Municipal building situated in Barangay San Juan. The next one depicts the oldest church in the town, St. John the Baptist Parish. The proposed Taytay Sports Complex is located on the lower right altogether with SM Taytay which is placed on the lower left side.

This town is known for its quality ready-made dresses and woodworks, earning the title "Garments and Woodworks Capital of the Philippines." Today, various shops cluster in Kalayaan park every Friday or in Club Manila East Open Space every Saturday to take the advantage of low-cost ready-made clothings.[11] Several multinational companies have also made their presence here, which include SM Prime Holdings, Puregold Price Club Inc., Wilcon Builders, Megaworld Constructions and several more. Woodworks continue to be a valuable source of income among the residents of this town. Several carving shops continue to survive despite the threats of cheaper imported products.

Taytay's local income surged to Php 501,779,646.00 in 2011, making it the second richest municipality in the province after Cainta.[12] The economy is in transitory period from agricultural to a more pronounced commercial and industrial activities.

Products:

  • Ready to wear clothes
  • Doors, furniture, and other wood works
  • Curtains
  • Garments

Commerce and industry[edit]

Commerce and industry is a very active economic sector in the municipality. This sector contributes a substantial income to the municipal coffers.

As of late 2009s, commercial activity dominated the economic landscape with 75% of the total number of economic establishments registered with the Business Permits and Licensing Division of the municipal government. There are more than 7000 commercial and industrial firms operating in the municipality.

SM City Taytay is a shopping mall owned and constructed by SM Prime Holdings. It is the first SM Supermall in the province in Rizal. The mall is located in Manila East Road Taytay, Rizal. The mall consists of two buildings interconnected with a bridge featuring anchors like the SM Hypermarket, SM Department Store, SM Cinemas, SM Foodcourt, Watsons, SM Appliance Center, Ace Hardware and various shops and restaurants. Wilcon Builders' Depot also invested in Taytay and opened their one-stop-shop in December 2009. Now Taytay is the second richest municipality in Rizal after Cainta.

Educational institutions[edit]

Public Secondary Schools[edit]

  • Benjamin Esguerra Memorial National High School
  • Casimiro A. Ynares Sr. Memorial National High School
  • Manuel I. Santos Memorial National High School
  • Taytay National High School
  • Benjamin Esguerra Memorial National High School
  • Antonio Esguerra Memorial National High School
  • Simona National High School

Public Elementary Schools[edit]

  • Dolores Elementary School (state)
  • Rosario Ocampo Elementary School (state)
  • San Francisco Elementary School
  • San Isidro Elementary School (state)
  • Taytay Elementary School Unit-1 (state)
  • Taytay Elementary School Central (state)
  • Sta. Ana Elementary School (state)
  • Felix M. Sanvictores Elementary School (state)
  • Sitio Simona Elementary School (state)
  • Muzon Elementary School (state)
  • Cresdaville Elementary School
  • Sitio Tapayan Elementary School
  • Hapay na Mangga Elementary School
  • San Juan Elementary School
  • Bagong Pag-asa Elementary School
  • Floodway A Elementary school
  • San Juan Elementary School ANNEX
  • Satumbaga Elementary School
  • Kapalaran Elementary School
  • Master's Vineyard Academy

State Colleges[edit]

  • University of Rizal System (URS) - Taytay Campus
  • Polytechnic Colleges of the Philippines - Muzon, Taytay

Private primary and secondary schools[edit]

  • Juan Sumulong Memorial Junior College (private, non-sectarian, semi-exclusive institution)
  • Taytay United Methodist Christian School (Christian, private)
  • Siena College of Taytay (Catholic school, private)
  • Harris Memorial College (Christian, private)
  • Asia Pacific Nazarene Theological Seminary (seminary)
  • Angel of Wisdom Academy (private)
  • Asian Institute of Computer Studies (private)
  • Baptist Bible Seminary and Institute (seminary, private)
  • Bethel Charis Learning Center(pambata)
  • Divine Child Jesus School (Private, Catholic, Educational)
  • Faith Academy Manila (Christian, private)
  • GB Knowledge Center (private)
  • Golden Faith Academy (Christian, private)
  • Golden Faith Academy with Special Education Centre
  • Jewels of Heaven Learning Center (Christian, private preschool)
  • KIDS Montessori (private)
  • Little Jewels Christian School (Christian, private)
  • Master's Vineyard Academy (Christian,private; Pre-school, Elementary & High School)
  • National College of Business and Arts (private)
  • National University (Philippines)
  • Raises Montessori Academe (Private)
  • Saint Michael the Archangel School of Rizal (private,science school)
  • San Beda College (Rizal Campus) (Semi-exclusive institution)
  • Shekinah Christian School (Christian, private)
  • Silver Gold Integrated School (Christian, private)
  • St. John The Baptist Parochial School (Catholic School,private)
  • Star of Hope Christian School
  • Virgo Mariae Regina Learning Center (private pre-school and elementary)
  • Web tech International Academy (private)
  • Servus Dei International College (Private, Preschool and Elementary)
  • Asian Alpha Omega Academy ( Private, Preschool )

Private colleges[edit]

  • Siena College, Taytay (Rizal Campus) (Parish, private)
  • National College of Business and Arts (private)
  • College of Arts & Sciences of Asia & the Pacific (CASAP) - Taytay Campus
  • Harris Memorial College
  • A.C.L.C. Computer College - Taytay
  • T.I.F. - Taytay
  • Asian Institute Of Computer Studies
  • I.C.C.T. Colleges - Taytay
  • Juan Sumulong Memorial Junior College (Partner with National University)
  • San Beda College Rizal Campus

Infrastructure[edit]

Waste management[edit]

Taytay has a current total fleet of only ten dump trucks that regularly collect the garbage generated by its five barangays. Their capabilities can haul the average generated solid waste of 50–60 tons per day based on population. These are dumped three kilometers away in a valley area near the boundary with Antipolo northeast of the town center and adjacent to Rosario Memorial Park.

Transportation[edit]

Taytay has an existing road network with a total length of 139.666 km. The two main roads cutting through Taytay and serving as the main access from Metro Manila are Rizal Avenue which leads to the Poblacion and the Central Business district of the town and the Manila East Road connecting from Ortigas Avenue Extension which passes north and northeast of the town center. The roads meet at a junction just off the location of the New Taytay Public Market towards the adjacent town of Angono on its eastern boundary.

Before World War II, Taytay was also served by a railway system. Known as the Antipolo Line, this railroad line passed through Santa Mesa, Mandaluyong, Pasig, and Cainta, going all the way up to Antipolo near the Hinulugang Taktak Falls.[13] Apart from a street named "Daangbakal" in Antipolo, no traces of this line presently survive especially in the Cainta and Taytay areas where the railway tracks used to be as roads have been paved over them.

Today, the town's transport needs are served by tricycles, jeepneys, taxis, buses, and AUV's, many of which serve to link the town to Metro Manila where many of the town's citizens work and study.

Power[edit]

The provision of efficient power services is the linchpin of productivity Any area that envisions itself to modernize, to be more productive, and its product competitive needs to have ample power supply to engine its growth and development.

It has been recorded that Taytay is the third largest user of power among the towns of Rizal, which all have been energized and served the MERALCO. This makes Taytay a town with sufficient power for domestic use. Added to this is the presence of a substation of the National Power Corporation in Barangay Dolores.

Communications[edit]

Communication is another major and key infrastructure component. Its ample availability in an area is one of the essential requisites for economic progress and social integration.

Currently, majority of the communication needs of the people of Taytay are being served by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) with some availing of cellular phone and paging services. The number of telephones of the town is far beyond the minimum of one telephone line per 1000 residential population and also a single telephone line per 1500 population in industrial areas.

The town operates a telegraph services unit which issues an average of 116 transmissions and 5,483 telegrams of all kinds per month.

Taytay can be reached by all radio and television stations, printed communications such as newspapers and magazines are distributed from Metro Manila.


Feasts and festivals[edit]

  • HAMAKA (Hamba Makina Kasuotan) Festival - every 3rd week of February. Taytay Hamaka Festival is a seven-day event showcasing the artistry, craftsmanship and various talents of the people of Taytay Rizal.
  • Feast of St. John The Baptist - June 24
  • Feast of St. Isidro Labrador - May 15
  • Feast of Muzon (Christ the King) - 3rd week of November
  • Flores De Mayo - last day of May
  • Feast of Virgin Mary and Brgy. Dolores - Sept. 15
  • Feast of St. Joseph The Worker - May 1
  • Feast of Mary the Queen - August 22

Notable personalities[edit]

Medical and health care[edit]

The provision of primary health care is being undertaken by the Municipal Health Office which provides medical services to the Municipals five barangays. Taytay has seven health units with a total of 40 Barangay Health Centers. These are commonly staffed of doctors, nurses, dentists, midwives, etc. Only Taytay Emergency Hospital which is based at the Office of Municipal Health Officer at the Municipal Hall has daily schedule of medical services from Monday through Sunday, 24 hrs a day. The other units are on scheduled basis.

The services offered by these hospitals and clinics to the municipal and provincial residents include out-patient treatment, child delivery, EENT treatment, surgery, internal medicine, pediatric, obstetrics and gynecological treatment and diagnosis of social diseases.

Some of the hospitals in Taytay are Taytay Emergency Hospital and Manila East Medical Center(MEMC) and the new Taytay Doctors Hospital.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: RIZAL". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  4. ^ National Statistical Coordination Board, Makati City, Philippines: Municipalities and Cities of Rizal, 2012
  5. ^ a b Fernandez, Jose (2013). Lakbay-Pananampalataya. Taytay, Rizal: St. John the Baptist Parish. 
  6. ^ Tanay Tercenary Souvenir: 1640-1940 & The Towns of Rizal Province. Catolos, Bendana & Santos. 1940. 
  7. ^ Alave, Kristine (July 18, 2007). "Taytay wants to join big league, aims for cityhood". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 
  8. ^ "Mayors endorse cityhood of 21 towns". League of Cities of the Philippines. March 16, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Cityhood eyed for Taytay, Cainta towns". Philippine Daily Inquirer. January 5, 2010. 
  10. ^ Belen, Leonardo (April 5, 2014). "Lady mayor steers Taytay (Rizal) to dynamic progress". Towns & Cities. 
  11. ^ "Taytayrizal.net". Taytayrizal.net. Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  12. ^ "L G P M S". Blgs.gov.ph. Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  13. ^ "Antipolo Extension". Laguna Railways. Railways and Industrial Heritage Society of the Phils., Inc. 

External links[edit]