|Motto: Fly High Taytay|
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|District||1st District of Rizal|
|• Mayor||Janet De Leon - Mercado (NPC)|
|• Total||38.80 km2 (14.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
The Municipality of Taytay is a first class, densely populated municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It is currently the third most populous municipality in the country. Conurbated with Metro Manila, it is bounded by Cainta on the north, Pasig City and Taguig City on the west, Antipolo City in the East and Angono on the South. It is the "Woodworks and Garments Capital Of the Philippines"
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Local government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Educational institutions
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Feasts and festivals
- 9 Notable personalities
- 10 Medical and health care
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Under Spanish rule, the area occupied by the previous 26 towns of Rizal Province began with the organization of the Provinces of Tondo and La Laguna during the Spanish regime. Some of the towns like Pasig, Parañaque, Taytay and Cainta were already thriving. Tagalog settlements which carried on trade with the Chinese and Arab traders long before the Spanish conquest.
From the reports of the Encomiendas in 1582-83, the Encomiendas of Moron (Morong) was under the jurisdiction of La Laguna and, the Encomiendas of Passik (Pasig), Taitay (Taytay) and Tagig (Taguig) belonged to the Province of Tondo. It was recorded that in 1591, the Encomiendas of Moron and Taitay were under the jurisdiction of the Franciscan Order in the Province of La Laguna; and the Encomiendas of Nabutas (Navotas), Tambobong (Malabon), Tondo, Parañaque, Lungalo (Dongallo), Taguig and Pasig were under the jurisdiction of the Augustinians in the Province of Tondo.
In 1853, a new political subdivision was formed. This consisted of the towns of Antipolo, Cainta and Taytay from the Province of Tondo; and the towns of Morong, Baras, Tanay, Pililla, Angono, Binangonan and Jalajala from the Province of La Laguna, with the capital at Morong. This district was later changed to Distrito Politico-Militar de Morong after four years.
In 1860, by virtue of Circular No. 83, dated September 2, 1859, the Province of Tondo became the Province of Manila. All its towns were placed under the administration, fiscal supervision and control of the Governor of the new province.
The town of Mariquina (Marikina) became the capital of the Province of Manila during the tenure of the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. The Province of Morong had for its capital the town of Antipolo for the period 1898-1899, and the town of Tanay for 1899-1900.
On February 6, 1901, the Second Philippine Commission sought to establish civil government in the country through a provincial organization act after the Filipino-Spanish and Filipino-American conflicts.
Wherefore, on June 5, 1901 a historic meeting was held at the Pasig Catholic Church for the organization of a civil government in the Provinces of Manila and Morong, with 221 delegates in attendance. The first Philippine Commission, headed by President William Howard Taft and composed of Commissioners Luke E. Wright, Henry C. Ide, Bernard Moses and Dean C. Worcester, discussed with the Assembly the issue of whether or not to write the Province of Manila with Morong Province, was not self-sufficient to operate as a separate province.
Although the delegates from Morong, Don Hilarion Raymundo and Don Jose Tupas, objected to the proposal, Delegate Don Juan Sumulong of Antipolo strongly advocated the move. After much acrimonious debate and upon the suggestion of Dr.Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera who accompanied the commission the body agreed on the creation of a new province independent of the Province of Manila. The new province was aptly named after Dr. Jose P. Rizal dubbed as the greatest Malayan that ever lived.
On June 11, 1901, the province of Rizal was officially and legally created by virtue of an Act No. 137 by the First Philippine Commission which during the time was acting as the unicameral legislative body in the island of Luzon.
The new province was composed of twenty-six municipalities, fourteen from the old Province of Manila (Las Piñas, Malabon, Makati, Parañaque, Mandaluyong, San Juan, Navotas, Muntinlupa, Taguig, Pateros, Pasig, Marikina, San Mateo, and Montalban); and 12 from the Politico-Militar District of Morong, (Angono, Baras, Binangonan, Cainta, Antipolo, Cardona, Jalajala, Morong, Pililla, Tanay, Taytay and Teresa). The seat of the provincial government is Pasig.
On 1942, the occupation by the Japanese Imperial Army forces entered the town in Taytay. On 1945, local Filipino soldiers of the pre-war 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was liberated and entered the towns in Taytay to help the recognized guerrilla fighter units to defeat and attack the Japanese Imperial Army forces during the Southern Luzon Campaign or Southern Tagalog Campaign and ended in World War II under the Japanese Occupation.
On November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, the 12 towns of Las Piñas, Parañaque, Muntinlupa, Taguig, Pateros, Makati, Mandaluyong, San Juan, Malabon, Navotas, Pasig and Marikina were incorporated into the newly formed Metro Manila Area thereby leaving the remaining 14 towns of San Mateo, Montalban, Cainta, Taytay, Angono, Antipolo, Binangonan, Teresa, Morong, Cardona, Tanay, Baras, Pililla and Jalajala to the Province of Rizal.
Conversion to Cityhood
Officials of Taytay Town in Rizal province said they have started drafting their own city charter in preparation for their bid for cityhood this year.
Taytay Former Mayor Joric Gacula said the local government was serious in its campaign to become the second component city in the province after Antipolo City, and has started spadework toward the conversion of the now first-class municipality into a city.
Taytay is far more qualified in terms of population, area and income aspects. We don't see any reason for Congress to disapprove it, Gacula said in a statement.
He added that a technical working group has been formed to create the technical and legal framework of their bid.
Part of the working group's responsibilities, he said, was to see to it that no tax increase would be imposed for five years from the date of its conversion into a city.
Gacula said the local government was completing requirements mandated by the Local Government Code on the standards on population and revenue collections. Taytay's target revenue this year has been placed at P400 million.
Under the law, to qualify to become a city, towns must have an annual self-generated income of P100 million and a population of 150,000 or more, or a contiguous territory of 100-km2.
Rizal Gov. Casimiro Ynares III earlier indicated his support for the cityhood bids of Taytay and another town, Cainta.
It is situated in the province’s western portion, bounded by the grids 14° 34’ 24” north latitude and 121° 07’ 48” east longitude. It shares boundaries with Cainta in the Northwest, Antipolo in the North-northeast, Angono in the East-southeast and Taguig in the Southwest. The municipality is sited to East of Pasig City and to the North of Laguna Lake. It has an area of 38.80 km² representing 3.3% of Rizal Province’s land area.
The shape of Taytay is rectangular – trapezoidal with gently hilly rolling terrain on its eastern side while relatively flat on its southwestern side, including the poblacion. The municipality’s highest elevation ranges from 200 to 255 meters which is situated along the inner north-eastern hills of Barangay Dolores, alongside the Antipolo Boundary. Its lowest points are from 5 to 20 meters along the southern portion of Barangay San Juan and Muzon towards Laguna Lake.
The Manggahan Floodway lessens flood conditions in Metro Manila by carrying flood waters to Laguna de Bay, but contributes to flooding of the coastal areas of Taguig, Taytay, and other towns in Laguna and Rizal along the lake.
The municipality is principally drained by southwest trending rivers such as Taytay River, Panghulo River, and Napindan Channel, all of which empties into Laguna Lake. Taytay River flows across Barangays Dolores and San Isidro and joins Antipolo River (present course of Manggahan Floodway) as it passes through the southern end of Barangays Sta. Ana and San Juan. Panghulo River snakes its way from upper Taytay across Barangay San Juan towards the southern portion of Barangay Muzon. Napindan Channel crosses the southern boundaries of Barangay Sta. Ana and San Juan as it empties into Laguna Lake. Bangiad Creek, found at the southeastern limits of the municipality, flows southwest ward across Barangay Muzon, extending toward Laguna Lake.
Taytay is 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) away from Pasig City, the former provincial seat of government of Rizal. It is accessible from various points from Metro Manila through the Ortigas Extension Avenue, Manila East Road, Felix Avenue (formerly Imelda Avenue), A. Bonifacio Avenue, Manggahan Floodway, and Sumulong Highway.
|Barangay||Population||Barangay Captain||Land Area (ha.)|
|Dolores (poblacion)||59,914||Jhune Macabuhay||1,237|
|San Isidro||36,450||Randy "RK" Plana||442|
|San Juan||88,321||Joseph Valera||1,490|
|Santa Ana||53,963||Joselito Calderon||630|
|Population census of Taytay|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
- Jan Victor Cabitac (NPC)
- Sharon De Leon - Macabebe (NPC)
- Archie Calderon
- Michell Bermundo
- Sophia Cabral
- Gene Resurreccion
- Kristopher Charles Esguerra
- ABC President: Joseph C. Valera
List of former mayors
|Manuel I. Santos||OIC||1946||1946|
|Manuel I. Santos||Mayor||1952||1963|
|Romeo De leon||Mayor||1986||1988|
|Godefredo C. Valera||Mayor||1988||1998|
|June Valera Zapanta||Mayor||1998||2004|
|George Ricardo Gacula||Mayor||2004||2013|
|Janet De leon Mercado||Mayor||2013||Present|
The Municipal seal is composed of a single circular arc then resembles the word "BAYAN NG TAYTAY" at the upper part and "LALAWIGAN NG RIZAL" at the lower part. The emblem at the center represents the town, color blue at the left side and red color at the right side, both came from the Philippine Flag. The left side resembles two-crossed hammers and grills, represents the Taytay's industrious workers. The right side resembles a sewing machine and a scisor, then represents the People of Taytay which are marked in the field of Dress-making. The Five stars at t he most upper part, represents the five barangays composed the municipality.
This town is known for its quality ready-made dresses and woodworks, earning the title "Garments and Woodworks Capital of the Philippines." Today, various shops cluster in Kalayaan park every Friday or in Club Manila East Open Space every Saturday to take the advantage of low-cost ready-made clothings. Several multinational companies have also made their presence here, which include SM Prime Holdings, Puregold Price Club Inc., Wilcon Builders, Megaworld Constructions and several more. Woodworks continue to be a valuable source of income among the residents of this town. Several carving shops continue to survive despite the threats of cheaper imported products.
Taytay's local income surged to Php 501,779,646.00 in 2011, making it the second richest municipality in the province after Cainta. The economy is in transitory period from agricultural to a more pronounced commercial and industrial activities.
- Ready to wear clothes
- Doors, furniture, and other wood works
Commerce and industry
Commerce and industry is a very active economic sector in the municipality. This sector contributes a substantial income to the municipal coffers.
As of late 2009s, commercial activity dominated the economic landscape with 75% of the total number of economic establishments registered with the Business Permits and Licensing Division of the municipal government. There are more than 7000 commercial and industrial firms operating in the municipality.
SM City Taytay is a shopping mall owned and constructed by SM Prime Holdings. It is the first SM Supermall in the province in Rizal. The mall is located in Manila East Road Taytay, Rizal. The mall consists of two buildings interconnected with a bridge featuring anchors like the SM Hypermarket, SM Department Store, SM Cinemas, SM Foodcourt, Watsons, SM Appliance Center, Ace Hardware and various shops and restaurants. Wilcon Builders' Depot also invested in Taytay and opened their one-stop-shop in December 2009. Now Taytay is the second richest municipality in Rizal after Cainta.
Taytay recently signed a contract of constructing 17 new public elementary and high schools. The construction for the elementary building will be up to 3 levels while in high school, 5 levels.
Public Secondary Schools
- Casimiro A. Ynares Sr. Memorial National High School
- Manuel I. Santos Memorial National High School
- Taytay National High School
- Benjamin Esguerra Memorial National High School
- Antonio Esguerra Memorial National High School
- Simona National High School
- Muzon National High School
Public Elementary Schools
- Dolores Elementary School (state)
- Rosario Ocampo Elementary School (state)
- San Francisco Elementary School
- San Isidro Elementary School (state)
- Taytay Elementary School Unit-1 (state)
- Taytay Elementary School Central (state)
- Sta. Ana Elementary School (state)
- Felix M. Sanvictores Elementary School (state)
- Sitio Simona Elementary School (state)
- Muzon Elementary School (state)
- Cresdaville Elementary School
- Sitio Tapayan Elementary School
- Hapay na Mangga Elementary School
- San Juan Elementary School
- Bagong Pag-asa Elementary School
- Floodway A Elementary school
- Macapinlac Central Elementary School
- San Juan Elementary School ANNEX
- Satumbaga Elementary School
- Kapalaran Elementary School
- Master's Vineyard Academy
- University of Rizal System (URS) - Taytay Campus
- Harris Memorial College - Taytay Campus
- Siena College of Taytay - Taytay Campus
- National College of Business and Arts (NCBA) - Taytay
- Polytechnic College of the Philippines - Muzon, Taytay
- Trent Information First (TIF) - Taytay
- Asian Institute of Computer Studies (AICS) - Taytay Campus
- College of Arts & Sciences of Asia & the Pacific (CASAP) - Taytay Campus
- AMA Computer College (AMACC) - Taytay Campus
- Institute of Creative Computer Technology (ICCT) - Taytay Campus
Private primary and secondary schools
- Juan Sumulong Memorial Junior College (private, non-sectarian, semi-exclusive institution)
- Taytay United Methodist Christian School (Christian, private)
- Siena College of Taytay (Catholic school, private)
- Harris Memorial College (Christian, private)
- Asia Pacific Nazarene Theological Seminary (seminary)
- Angel of Wisdom Academy (private)
- Asian Institute of Computer Studies (private)
- Baptist Bible Seminary and Institute (seminary, private)
- Bethel Charis Learning Center(pambata)
- Divine Child Jesus School (Private, Catholic, Educational)
- Faith Academy Manila (Christian, private)
- GB Knowledge Center (private)
- Golden Faith Academy (Christian, private)
- Golden Faith Academy with Special Education Centre
- Jewels of Heaven Learning Center (Christian, private preschool)
- KIDS Montessori (private)
- Little Jewels Christian School (Christian, private)
- Master's Vineyard Academy (Christian,private; Pre-school, Elementary & High School)
- National College of Business and Arts (private)
- National University (Philippines)
- Raises Montessori Academe (Private)
- Saint Michael the Archangel School of Rizal (private,science school)
- San Beda College (Rizal Campus) (Semi-exclusive institution)
- Shekinah Christian School (Christian, private)
- Silver Gold Integrated School (Christian, private)
- St. John The Baptist Parochial School (Catholic School,private)
- Star of Hope Christian School
- Virgo Mariae Regina Learning Center (private pre-school and elementary)
- Web tech International Academy (private)
- Servus Dei International College (Private, Preschool and Elementary)
- Siena College, Taytay (Rizal Campus) (Parish, private)
- National College of Business and Arts (private)
- Harris Memorial College
- A.C.L.C. Computer College - Taytay
- T.I.F. - Taytay
- Asian Institute Of Computer Studies
- I.C.C.T. Colleges - Taytay
- Juan Sumulong Memorial Junior College (Partner with National University)
- San Beda College Rizal Campus
University Of Rizal System - Taytay Campus is already open for the youths of Taytay who don't have enough money for their college studies.
The road widening on parts of Rizal Avenue and Manila East Road and the Municipal Hall was completed.
Taytay has a current total fleet of only ten dump trucks that regularly collect the garbage generated by its five barangays. Their capabilities can haul the average generated solid waste of 50–60 tons per day based on population. These are dumped three kilometers away in a valley area near the boundary with Antipolo northeast of the town center and adjacent to Rosario Memorial Park.
The Municipality of Taytay has an existing road network with a total length of 139.666 km. The two main roads cutting through Taytay and serving as the main access from Metro Manila are Rizal Avenue which leads to the Poblacion and the Central Business district of the town and the Manila East Road connecting from Ortigas Avenue Extension which passes north and northeast of the town center. The roads meet at a junction just off the location of the New Taytay Public Market towards the adjacent town of Angono on its eastern boundary.
Long before the Manila Light Rail Transit System finally opened its services in Santolan in the Pasig-Marikina border in the early 2000s, Steam train services had once served those places in the past, even before World War II.
In Marikina, there is a street named "Daangbakal", also called by the names of "Shoe Avenue Extension", "Munding Avenue" and "Bagong Silang". There is also a similar "Daangbakal" in the San Mateo-Montalban (Rodriguez) area, and on the maps one can notice that the two roads should have been connected with each other. In fact, as the name suggests in Tagalog, these streets were once a single railway line. The two sides of the "Daangbakal" roads were once connected by a bridge in the San Mateo-Marikina border. However, as the railroad tracks have been largely ignored after the Japanese Occupation and was transformed into separate highways, the railway connection was abandoned.
The old railroad tracks, called the Marikina Line, was connected from Tutuban station in Manila, passing through Tramo (Brgy. Rosario, Pasig) coming all the way to the town of Marikina up to Montalban. On the northern end of the "Daangbakal" road in Montablan is a basketball court. That basketball court which stands today, surrounded by the Montalban Catholic Church and Cemetery, was once the railway station terminus of that particular line.
The present-day Santo Niño Elementary School in Marikina was said to be a train depot. And also it was said that a railroad station once stood in the Marikina City Sports Park.
The Marikina Line was completed in 1906, and continued its operation until 1936. It was said that the Japanese Imperial Army made use of this railway line during the Second World War. These railways were dismantled during the 1960s and were converted into ordinary roads.
Today, the citizens are dependent on Tricycles, Jeepneys, Taxis, FX, Buses, and AUV's which contribute to the everyday unusual and unbearable traffic of Metropolitan Manila. Even now, there is uncertainty in the Northrail project, which links Manila to the northern provinces of Luzon, because of corruption within the project's construction.
Aside from the Marikina Line, two other lines have existed before but are now removed permanently.
Second is the Antipolo Line, which passed through Santa Mesa, Mandaluyong, Pasig, Cainta, Taytay, up to Antipolo near the "Hinulugang Taktak" Falls. There is also a street named "Daangbakal" in Antipolo, where like the "Daangbakal" roads on Marikina and San Mateo, a railway line once existed. The railroad tracks also passed through what is now the Ortigas Avenue Extension. Its operation ceased in 1917.
The provision of efficient power services is the linchpin of productivity Any area that envisions itself to modernize, to be more productive, and its product competitive needs to have ample power supply to engine its growth and development.
It has been recorded that Taytay is the third largest user of power among the towns of Rizal, which all have been energized and served the MERALCO. This makes Taytay a town with sufficient power for domestic use. Added to this is the presence of a substation of the National Power Corporation in Barangay Dolores.
Communication is another major and key infrastructure component. Its ample availability in an area is one of the essential requisites for economic progress and social integration.
Currently, majority of the communication needs of the people of Taytay are being served by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) with some availing of cellular phone and paging services. The number of telephones of the town is far beyond the minimum of one telephone line per 1000 residential population and also a single telephone line per 1500 population in industrial areas.
The town operates a telegraph services unit which issues an average of 116 transmissions and 5,483 telegrams of all kinds per month.
Taytay can be reached by all radio and television stations, printed communications such as newspapers and magazines are distributed from Metro Manila.
Feasts and festivals
- HAMAKA(Hamba Makina Kasuotan) Festival - every 3rd week of February. Taytay Hamaka Festival is a seven-day event showcasing the artistry, craftsmanship and various talents of the people of Taytay Rizal.
- Feast of St. John The Baptist - June 24
- Feast of St. Isidro Labrador - May 15
- Feast of Muzon (Christ the King) - 3rd week of November
- Flores De Mayo - last day of May
- Feast of Virgin Mary and Brgy. Dolores - Sept. 15
- Feast of St. Joseph The Worker - May 1
- Toni Gonzaga - (Actress, Singer, TV Host) ASAP 18 The Buzz The Voice Philippines
- Alex Gonzaga - (Actress, TV Host) Enchanted Garden
- Xyriel Manabat - (Child Actress) Rod Santiago's Agua Bendita
Medical and health care
The provision of primary health care is being undertaken by the Municipal Health Office which provides medical services to the Municipals five barangays. Taytay has seven health units with a total of 40 Barangay Health Centers. These are commonly staffed of doctors, nurses, dentists, midwives, etc. Only Taytay Emergency Hospital which is based at the Office of Municipal Health Officer at the Municipal Hall has daily schedule of medical services from Monday through Sunday, 24 hrs a day. The other units are on scheduled basis.
The services offered by these hospitals and clinics to the municipal and provincial residents include out-patient treatment, child delivery, EENT treatment, surgery, internal medicine, pediatric, obstetrics and gynecological treatment and diagnosis of social diseases.
Some of the hospitals in Taytay are Taytay Emergency Hospital and Manila East Medical Center(MEMC) and the new Taytay Doctors Hospital.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Province: RIZAL". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- National Statistical Coordination Board, Makati City, Philippines: Municipalities and Cities of Rizal, 2012
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