Tazewell County, Illinois

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Tazewell County, Illinois
Tazewell County, Illinois courthouse from SW 2.jpg
Tazewell County Courthouse in Pekin
Seal of Tazewell County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Tazewell County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1827
Named for Littleton Waller Tazewell
Seat Pekin
Area
 • Total 657.94 sq mi (1,704 km2)
 • Land 648.97 sq mi (1,681 km2)
 • Water 8.96 sq mi (23 km2), 1.36%
Population
 • (2010) 135,394
 • Density 197/sq mi (76/km²)
Congressional districts 17th, 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.tazewell.com

Tazewell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 135,394, which is an increase of 5.4% from 128,485 in 2000.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Pekin.[2] The majority of the population live along the western border of the county.

Tazewell County is part of the Peoria, Illinois, Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is pronounced with a short "a", to rhyme with "razz" rather than "raze".

History[edit]

Tazewell County was formed out of Peoria County in 1827. The consensus appears to be that it was named in honor of Littleton Tazewell, who was serving in the U.S. Senate, and who became Governor of Virginia in 1834. It is, however, possible that it was named for Littleton's father, prominent Virginia politician Henry Tazewell, for whom Tazewell County, Virginia, was named.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 657.94 square miles (1,704.1 km2), of which 648.97 square miles (1,680.8 km2) (or 98.64%) is land and 8.96 square miles (23.2 km2) (or 1.36%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

The following public-use airports are located in Tazewell County:[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 4,716
1840 7,221 53.1%
1850 12,052 66.9%
1860 21,470 78.1%
1870 27,903 30.0%
1880 29,666 6.3%
1890 29,556 −0.4%
1900 33,221 12.4%
1910 34,027 2.4%
1920 38,540 13.3%
1930 46,082 19.6%
1940 58,362 26.6%
1950 76,165 30.5%
1960 99,789 31.0%
1970 118,649 18.9%
1980 132,078 11.3%
1990 123,692 −6.3%
2000 128,485 3.9%
2010 135,394 5.4%
Est. 2012 135,949 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

As of the census of 2000,[8] there were 128,485 people, 50,327 households, and 35,883 families residing in the county. The population density was 198 people per square mile (76/km²). There were 52,973 housing units at an average density of 82 per square mile (32/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.40% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.0% were of German, 14.0% American, 11.1% English and 10.3% Irish ancestry.

There were 50,327 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,250, and the median income for a family was $53,412. Males had a median income of $41,148 versus $24,781 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,511. About 4.40% of families and 6.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.40% of those under age 18 and 5.20% of those age 65 or over.

Political subdivisions[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Tazewell County is divided into these townships:

Climate and weather[edit]

Pekin, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.5
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
37
20
 
 
2.8
 
49
30
 
 
3.6
 
62
40
 
 
4.2
 
73
51
 
 
3.8
 
82
60
 
 
4
 
86
65
 
 
3.2
 
84
63
 
 
3.1
 
77
54
 
 
2.8
 
64
42
 
 
3
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pekin have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches (38 mm) in January to 4.17 inches (106 mm) in May.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tazewell County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  4. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  5. ^ Public and Private Airports, Tazewell County, Illinois
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Pekin, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

Coordinates: 40°31′N 89°31′W / 40.51°N 89.51°W / 40.51; -89.51