Tazewell County, Illinois
|Tazewell County, Illinois|
Tazewell County Courthouse in Pekin
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|• Total||657.94 sq mi (1,704 km2)|
|• Land||648.97 sq mi (1,681 km2)|
|• Water||8.96 sq mi (23 km2), 1.36%|
|• Density||197/sq mi (76/km²)|
Tazewell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 135,394, which is an increase of 5.4% from 128,485 in 2000. Its county seat and largest city is Pekin. The majority of the population live in the suburbs and bedroom communities of Peoria along the western border of the county. It is part of the Peoria, Illinois, Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is pronounced with a short "a", to rhyme with "razz" rather than "raze".
Tazewell County was formed out of Peoria County in 1827. The consensus appears to be that it was named in honor of Littleton Tazewell, who was serving in the U.S. Senate, and who became Governor of Virginia in 1834. It is, however, possible that it was named for Littleton's father, prominent Virginia politician Henry Tazewell, for whom Tazewell County, Virginia, was named.
Tazewell from the time of its creation to 1829, including a large tract of unorganized territory temporarily attached to it, whose precise border was not defined.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 657.94 square miles (1,704.1 km2), of which 648.97 square miles (1,680.8 km2) (or 98.64%) is land and 8.96 square miles (23.2 km2) (or 1.36%) is water.
- Woodford County (north)
- McLean County (east)
- Logan County (south)
- Mason County (southwest)
- Fulton County (west)
- Peoria County (northwest)
The following public-use airports are located in Tazewell County:
- Pekin Municipal Airport (C15) - serves Pekin
- Manito Mitchell Airport (C45) - serves Manito, a village in Mason County
As of the census of 2000, there were 128,485 people, 50,327 households, and 35,883 families residing in the county. The population density was 198 people per square mile (76/km²). There were 52,973 housing units at an average density of 82 per square mile (32/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.40% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.0% were of German, 14.0% American, 11.1% English and 10.3% Irish ancestry.
There were 50,327 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,250, and the median income for a family was $53,412. Males had a median income of $41,148 versus $24,781 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,511. About 4.40% of families and 6.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.40% of those under age 18 and 5.20% of those age 65 or over.
Tazewell County is divided into these townships:
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pekin have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches (38 mm) in January to 4.17 inches (106 mm) in May.
- "Tazewell County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. 
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Public and Private Airports, Tazewell County, Illinois
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Monthly Averages for Pekin, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
||Peoria County||Woodford County|
|Fulton County||McLean County|
|Mason County||Logan County|