Tešanj

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Tešanj
Тешањ
Skyline of Tešanj
Coat of arms of Tešanj
Coat of arms
Location of Tešanj within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Tešanj within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Tešanj is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tešanj
Tešanj
Location of Tešanj
Coordinates: 44°37′N 17°59′E / 44.617°N 17.983°E / 44.617; 17.983
Country  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Government
 • Municipality president Fuad Šišić (SDA)
Area
 • Total 155,9 km2 (602 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 46,135
 • Density 296/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +387 32
Website http://www.opcina-tesanj.ba

Tešanj is a town and municipality in the northern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located near Teslić, Doboj and Zavidovići. Administratively, it belongs to the Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Geography[edit]

Tešanj is located at an altitude of 230 meters and developed around the river Tešanjka.

History[edit]

The present name of the city was mentioned for the first time in 1461 in a charter from King Stephen Tomašević to his uncle Radivoj Krstić. The charter stated that King Stephen Tomašević grants him, among other possessions "i na Usori grad Tešanj -- the city of Tešanj, in the Usora region".

Between the second half of the 15th century and the first half of the 16th century, the history of Tešanj was rather chaotic. Since Bosnia was considered a buffer state by the Ottomans, it changed rulers quite often, alternating between Ottoman and Hungarian occupation. Between 1463 and 1476 Tešanj was the center of the Bosnian kingdom and the residence of Duke Radivoj Kotromanić.

A room inside the Tešanj Castle.

From 1512 (or 1520-21) on, Tešanj was under continuous rule of the Ottoman Empire. The most Ottoman influential ruler of Tešanj was the Bosnian Sandžak-bey Gazi Ferhad-bey. It was under his authority that the city rapidly developed. His most significant contribution was the Ferhadija Mosque (1563), which still stands in the old town, dating back to the 16th century. Gazi Ferhad-bey died in 1568 and was buried in the yard of the mosque. The epitaph on his tombstone was in Arabic, and is the oldest Islamic record in Tešanj.

The old Eminagić House is the oldest house in Tešanj, still standing the test of time, and is said to have been built at the end of the 17th century.

The Old Town is dominated by the well-preserved fortress, called "Gradina", that overlooks the entire city. The Upper City Center expands around the castle, rather on the bottom of this castle. Very early this castle became a center of economic and cultural life of Tešanj. This was developed along with retail and trade in Tešanj. The city center developed rapidly in the 17th and 18th century, when there were around 40 stores and trades operating.

The hour tower was built in the 17th century. Out of a total of 21 hour towers that were built throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina, this tower is one of four that are still working properly. It is 18.5 meters tall. Up until 1890 this tower showed alaturk time, but the same year Fehim-beg Smailbegović brought a new clock which showed European time. This hour clock is still working.

The grave of the poet Musa Ćazim Ćatić is located in "Obješenica" cemetery in the city center. Even though he was born in Odžak in 1880, he dedicated his whole life and work to the city Tešanj, where he died in 1915.

Tourism[edit]

Tešanj Castle[edit]

Tešanj Castle is one of the most significant and largest castles in Bosnia. Its area is 6,296 square metres (67,770 sq ft). When this castle was built is not known. It was built and renovated for a long period. Because of the way it was positioned it was mostly for defense from invaders. Together with the city center it forms a balanced area of Bosnian style. The building of this Castle was started as early as the reign of Ilira. It was built onto the Castle by Romans, Slavs and Turks. During the Ottoman period, the castle had a permanent army.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Composition
Year Serb  % Muslims  % Croats  % Yugoslavs  % Others  % Total
1961 3,464 11.87% 18,270 62.61% 6,332 21.70% 1,003 3.44% 113 0.39% 29,182
1971 2,692 7.76% 24,208 69.78% 7,603 21.92% 39 0.11% 151 0.44% 34,693
1981 3,152 7.21% 30,653 70.16% 8,548 19.56% 1,012 2.32% 327 0.75% 43,692
1991 3,078 6.36% 34,938 72.20% 8,952 18.50% 1,038 2.15% 384 0.79% 48,390

The town of Tešanj itself had 5,253 residents in 1981, and 6,058 in 1991. Note Muslims are Bosniaks.

Places in the municipality[edit]

Bukva, Blaževci, Bobare, Cerovac, Čaglici, Čifluk, Dobropolje, Drinčići, Džemilić Planje, Jevadžije, Jelah, Jablanica, Jelah-polje, Kalošević, Karadaglije, Koprivci, Kraševo, Lepenica, Logobare, Lončari, Ljetinić, Marin Han, Mrkotić, Miljanovci, Medakovo, Mekiš, Novo Selo, Novi Miljanovci, Oraš Planje, Piljužići, Potočani, Putešić, Raduša, Rosulje, Ripna, Šije, Tešanj, Trepče, Tešanjka, Tugovići, Vrela, Vukovo, Hrvatinovići[1]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°37′N 17°59′E / 44.617°N 17.983°E / 44.617; 17.983