Teabo Municipality

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Teabo
Municipality
Coat of arms of Teabo
Coat of arms
Motto: “Ahí donde están los ciruelos”
Location of Teabo
Teabo is located in Yucatán
Teabo
Teabo
Coordinates: 20°24′N 89°17′W / 20.400°N 89.283°W / 20.400; -89.283Coordinates: 20°24′N 89°17′W / 20.400°N 89.283°W / 20.400; -89.283
Country  Mexico
State Yucatán
Yucatán independence from Spain 1821
Acquires title of "village" 1876
Government
 • Municipal President [1] Francisco Javier Calderon Yah
Area
 • Total 678.2 km2 (261.87 sq mi)
  [1]
Elevation[1] 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2005[2][3])
 • Total 5,602
 • Demonym Teabeños
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Postal Code 77500
Area code(s) 998
INEGI Code 075
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website

The Municipality of Teabo (Spanish pronunciation: [teˈaβo]) is one of the 106 subdivisions of the State of Yucatán in Mexico. Its municipal seat is located in the town of Teabo.

The Municipality of Teabo shares a boundary on the north with Mayapán-humayel, on the south with Tekax, on the east with Cantamayec-Tixméhuac and the west with Maní-Akil. It is home to indigenous Mayan people who continue to follow cultural traditions kept for hundreds of years.

Vestiges of an important Mayan cemetery can be found in Teabo. Also, Teabo had two sacred buildings: The Parish and Ex-convent of San Pedro y San Pablo built in the 17th century and the Indian's Chapel that shows the date of 1617.

Communities[edit]

The municipality is made up of 20 communities the most important are:[1]

  • Teabo (Municipal Seat)
  • San Higinio
  • Kulche

Nearby cities[edit]

The distances from the municipal seat to nearby cities are as follows:

  • Oxkutzcab, Yucatán  · 18 kilometres (11 mi) southwest  · 21,508 people.
  • Ticul,Yucatán  · 26 kilometres (16 mi) west  · 30,282people.
  • Merida, Yucatán  · 72 kilometres (45 mi) north-northwest  · 717,175 people.

History[edit]

Regarding the foundation of Teabo and the municipality of the same name, the exact dates are not known. During pre-Hispanic times it belonged to the chieftainship of Tutul Xiú. After its conquest it remained under the control of various Spaniards, first recorded in 1753. The evolution of the population begins in 1821, when Yucatán declared its independence of the Spanish crown. In 1876, Teabo acquired the title of "Villa," or village. By means of published Decree #144, Teabo changed status from village to town.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Teabo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
31.5
(88.7)
32.9
(91.2)
34.1
(93.4)
34.9
(94.8)
34
(93.2)
33.1
(91.6)
33.2
(91.8)
33
(91)
32.3
(90.1)
30.9
(87.6)
30.1
(86.2)
32.52
(90.5)
Average low °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
17.4
(63.3)
18.4
(65.1)
19.6
(67.3)
20.7
(69.3)
21.3
(70.3)
20.8
(69.4)
20.7
(69.3)
20.9
(69.6)
20.3
(68.5)
18.6
(65.5)
17.9
(64.2)
19.46
(67.02)
Precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.8)
36
(1.4)
43
(1.7)
56
(2.2)
89
(3.5)
183
(7.2)
155
(6.1)
196
(7.7)
226
(8.9)
140
(5.5)
66
(2.6)
41
(1.6)
1,277
(50.2)
Source: Weatherbase [4]

Celebrations, Dances and Traditions[edit]

Popular celebrations[edit]

  • April 28 to May 3 in honor of Santa Cruz.
  • July 27, in honor to San Pedro and San Pablo.
  • December 8 to the 12 in honor of the Virgin of Guadalupe, employer of the population.

Traditions and Customs[edit]

For the Festival of the Saints, families build altars in their houses and food is offered to the deceased; typically consisting of traditional Mucbil chicken, accompanied by a cornflour drink, and chocolate beaten with water. Regional celebrations always include a dance called jarana, and large competitions are held by participants.

Typical clothing[edit]

By custom, the women use simple Huipiles, with embroidery that emphasizes the squared cut of the neck and the edge of the dress, is placed on Fustán that is an average subject curly bottom to the waist with earthen jar of the same fabric; they wear sandals, and to protect themselves from the sun, they cover themselves with rebozo.

The farmers, mainly the older ones, dress in comfortable trousers, crude blanket, t-shirt buttoned in the front, mandil (apron) made of cotí and a straw hat. For "vaquerías," or celebrations, the women dress formally, wearing ornate Ternos, made with fine fabric, embroidery and cross-stitched designs, generally by hand. The Ternos are complemented with long gold chains, earrings, and bracelets, as well as rosaries made of coral.

The men dress in white trousers and wear guayaberas, embroidered shirts with front, waist level pockets (affluent men change the plastic buttons for a gold set of buttons), canvas shoes and hats of jipijapa. During festivals, traditional red handkerchiefs are tied around the neck, indispensable when dancing jaranas.

Crafts[edit]

The preparation of typical clothes, the embroidering by hand or to machine, urdido of hammocks with cotton threads and talabartería.

Gastronomy[edit]

Foods[edit]

They prepare with mass of corn meat of pig, chicken and deer accompanied with sharp sauces with chili peppers Havanan and max. The main ones are: kidney bean with pig, chaya with egg, stew of hen, stuffed cheese, salbutes, panuchos, venison pipian, papadzules, longaniza, cochinita pibil, joroches, mucbil chicken, pimes and tamales.

Candies[edit]

One makes yucca with honey, pumpkin melada, sweet potato with the Coco, cocoyol in syrup, pumpkin nugget marzipan, marshmallow, round maize loaves, tejocotes in syrup and candy of ciricote.

Drinks[edit]

The traditional drinks are xtabentun, balché, drunk of anise, pozole with the Coco, tiger nut milk, cornflour drink of new maize and refreshments of fruits of the region.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Nuestros municipios - Teabo". Retrieved 2009-11-13. 
  2. ^ "Encyclopedia of the Municipalities of Mexico: Yucatan". Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  3. ^ Census Results by Locality, 2005 INEGI.
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Teabo, Yucatán". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.