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A teaching hospital is a hospital that provides clinical education and training to future and current physicians, nurses, and other health professionals, in addition to delivering medical care to patients. They are generally affiliated with medical schools or universities (hence the alternative term university hospital or clinical school), and may be owned by a university or may form part of a wider regional or national health system.
Some teaching hospitals also have a commitment to research and are centers for experimental, innovative and technically sophisticated services.
Although institutions for caring for the sick are known to have existed much earlier in history, the first teaching hospital, where students were authorized to methodically practice on patients under the supervision of physicians as part of their education, was reportedly the Academy of Gundishapur in the Persian Empire during the Sassanid era.
In the United States.
In the United States there are a lot of teaching hospitals but some between the most important are:
- The Johns Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore, MD)
- The Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN and other locations)
- The Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston, MA)
- The Texas Medical Center (Houston,TX)
- The Cleveland Clinic (Cleveland, OH)
- The New York-Presbyterian Hospital (New York City, NY)
- The Mount Sinai Medical Center (New York City, NY)
- The University of Pennsylvania Health System (Philadelphia, PA and other locations)
- The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (Pittsburgh, PA)
- The University of California, San Francisco Medical Center (San Francisco, CA)
- The Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center (Los Angeles, CA)
- The Duke University Health System (Durham,NC and other locations)
- The Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (Philadelphia, PA)
- The Brigham and Women's Hospital (Boston, MA)
- The Barnes-Jewish Hospital (St. Louis, MO)
- The Beth Israel Medical Center – Petrie Division (New York City, NY)
- The Yale-New Haven Hospital (New Haven, CT)
- The Cedars-Sinai Medical Center (Los Angeles, CA)
- The [[Ohio State University Hospital]] (Columbus, OH)
- The Florida Hospital Orlando (Orlando,FL)
- The Jackson Memorial Hospital (Miami,FL)
- The Orlando Regional Medical Center (Orlando, FL)
- The Methodist University Hospital (Memphis, TN)
- The Erie County Medical Center (Buffalo, NY)
- The UAB Hospital (Birmingham, AL)
- Jewish Hospital & St. Mary's Healthcare (Louisville, KY)
Some American television shows, usually medical dramas, take place in teaching hospitals. Some examples are:
St. Elsewhere that takes place in the fictional St. Eligius Hospital (located in the South End neighborhood of Boston)
Chicago Hope that takes place in the fictional Chicago Hope Hospital (located in Chicago)
ER that takes place in the fictional County General Hospital (located in Chicago)
Scrubs that takes place in the fictional Sacred Heart Hospital (located in the state of California)
House that takes place in the fictional Princeton-Plainsboro (located in the state of New Jersey)
Grey's Anatomy that takes place in the fictional Grey + Sloan Memorial Hospital (located in Seattle)
[[Emily Owens M.D.]] that takes place in the fictional Denver Memorial Hospital (located in Denver,CO)
In the United Kingdom, the 1980s television documentary series Jimmy's was set in St James's University Hospital, Leeds (nicknamed Jimmy's), which formerly claimed to be the largest teaching hospital in Europe.
In France, many Paris hospitals are famous by their name: Pitié-Salpêtrière, Cochin, Necker or Hôtel-Dieu. They appear in many films and TV shows. An ER episode, for example, is set in Hôpital Saint-Antoine (AP-HP). Many patients are quite surprised to see medical students at their bedside: they know they are in top hospitals without knowing those hospitals are teaching hospitals.