Team Tinkoff-Saxo

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Team Saxo Bank-Tinkoff Bank logo.png
Team information
UCI code TCS
Based Denmark / Russia
Founded 1998
Discipline Road
Status UCI ProTeam
Bicycles Specialized
Website Team home page
Key personnel
General manager Bjarne Riis
Directeur sportif Nick Gates[1]
Team name history
2012 (Jan–Jun)
2012 (Jun–Dec)
Team home-Jack & Jones
Team Memory Card-Jack & Jones
Team CSC
Team CSC Saxo Bank
Team Saxo Bank
Team Saxo Bank-SunGard
Team Saxo Bank
Team Saxo Bank-Tinkoff Bank
Team Saxo-Tinkoff
Team Tinkoff-Saxo
Team Tinkoff-Saxo jersey
Current season

Tinkoff-Saxo (UCI Team Code: TCS) is a Russian-registered professional cycling team from Denmark. It competes in the UCI World Tour. The team is owned by Russian Oleg Tinkov and managed by former Tour de France winner Bjarne Riis. The sponsors are the Russian Tinkoff Bank, a credit systems company,[2] and Saxo Bank, a Danish investment bank.

Founded for 1998 Team home – Jack & Jones, the team started in cycling's second division. In 2000 it moved into the 'top division, now known as the UCI World Tour. Since 2000, under differing sponsor names (Memory Card-Jack & Jones and CSC-Tiscali), the team rode the Tour de France. It has won the overall classification in all three of the Grand Tours. In the 2008 Tour de France, Carlos Sastre won the general classification, Andy Schleck won the young rider classification, and the team won the overall team classification, and Ivan Basso won the 2006 Giro d'Italia, as well as finishing third and second in the 2004 and 2005 Tour de France. In addition, the team has won many major classics, including 6 Monuments.

The team won the UCI ProTour's team classification each year from 2005 through 2007, and the team classification in the 2010 UCI World Ranking. In 2011, the team added SunGard as secondary sponsor, and was known as Team Saxo Bank-SunGard.[3] On 16 November 2011 it was announced that SunGard would no longer be a title sponsor after 2011.[4] On 25 June 2012 it was announced that the Russian Tinkoff Bank would join the team as co-sponsors for the rest of the 2012 season and through to the end of 2013. Saxo Bank also renewed their sponsorship through 2013, with the team's name thus becoming Team Saxo Bank-Tinkoff Bank.[5][6] Following the 2013 season Oleg Tinkov purchased the team from manager Bjarne Riis with the team renamed Tinkoff-Saxo.[7]


When Bjarne Riis took over in winter 2000, he hired the former Danish Ranger Corps soldier B.S. Christiansen as advisor and they gave CSC a distinct philosophy and training methods.[8] The team works with four values; communication, loyalty, commitment and respect, with the aim of improving teamwork.[9] The team rides for the rider in the best shape on the day, and separates the function of team captain (the rider making decisions) and team leader (the rider trying to win) to avoid pressure on a single rider.[10]

The team staff go on yearly outdoor education trips, physical challenges under pressure. According to B.S. Christiansen, the camps teach people "that they can achieve their goals by cooperating. They have to perform their very best under the worst possible circumstances, where every action has a consequence",.[11] Bobby Julich, one of the riders, said that "those days in the bush bonded us much closer and given [sic] us the strategies to work as a team in any racing situation".[12]


The company behind the team, initially named Professional Cycling Denmark, was created in autumn 1996 by former amateur cycling world champion Alex Pedersen, Finn Poulsen (representing Bestseller), Torben Kølbæk and Johannes Poulsen (from Herning CK), and Bjarne Riis (then a Team Telekom rider).[13] The team was built on the team license of Danish amateur team Herning CK, with headquarters in Herning, Denmark, with the goal of being picked for the 2000 Tour de France.

1998–1999 Team home-Jack & Jones[edit]

The team was assembled for 1998 with Alex Pedersen and Torben Kølbæk as sports directors. The team started with 11 riders, a mix of first-time professionals with Danish veterans Brian Holm and Jesper Skibby who had competed in the Tour de France several times, Skibby having won stage 5 in 1993. The main sponsors were a Danish real estate agency (home a/s), and a clothes manufacturer (Jack & Jones, a brand owned by Bestseller) and the budget was around 1,000,000 for 1998, including secondary sponsors.[14] The team rode its first season in 2nd Division races, and during the first month both Christian Andersen and Jesper Skibby had minor wins. Holm quit the team in April 1998.

The doping scandal in the 1998 Tour de France didn't affect the team directly, but Riis, who was part of the peloton in the Tour de France, was branded a doping cheat in the Danish media in early 1999. He sold his stock in Professional Cycling Denmark.

The team finished 32nd best of 1998, and with an increased budget of €2,400,000 combined,[15] the number of riders was increased to 14, with riders of a higher standard. In terms of races won, 1999 was the most successful season until 2005: with 26 UCI victories the team was promoted to the 1st Division. In September 1999 Belgian rider Marc Streel was tested with a hematocrit level of 53.4, a value above 50 being an indicator of EPO doping, and he was fired [16] Home stopped sponsoring the team from the end of the season, citing doping.[15]

2000 Team Memory Card-Jack & Jones[edit]

For 2000 , Memory Card A/S, a Danish producer of memory cards, stepped in as co-sponsor and Danish cyclist Bo Hamburger was brought in as captain. The 2000 season did not have as many wins as in 1999 but the calibre was higher and the team took part in the 2000 Tour de France.

In April 2000 Nicolai Bo Larsen was tested with a 51 hematocrit level, but wasn't fired, as he had been tested with a 47 level the day before. The morning after his result of 51, he again tested 47%.[17] However, the apparent double standards harmed its image in Denmark and Jack & Jones did not prolong sponsorship, despite Bo Larsen's later being acquitted of doping by a medical report.[18]

In the fall of 2000, Riis took over Professional Cycling Denmark and the team. After 2000 the contract with Jack & Jones expired, and Riis did not continue working with Memory Card due to their financial difficulties.

2001–2002 CSC-Tiscali[edit]

CSC (Computer Sciences Corporation) and the European Internet provider World Online took over as sponsors in a combined sponsorship of €4,500,000.[19] World Online was bought by the Italian telecom giant Tiscali and the team changed on 1 July 2001 to CSC-Tiscali.

In April 2001, Bo Hamburger tested positive with a newly developed method[20] which distinguished natural EPO from synthetic EPO used in doping by determining the percentage of basic EPO. The first test showed 82.3 which was above the maximum of 80 imposed by the UCI, but as his secondary tests showed both 82.4 and 78.6 he was cleared by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) in 2002.[20] Bo Hamburger was released from his contract with CSC-Tiscali in September 2001.

The team gained international prominence after signing Laurent Jalabert before 2001, following his many years with the Spanish ONCE team of Manolo Saiz. Jalabert said that, "I wanted to retire with a French team, but nobody gave me a good offer, so I went with CSC instead". At the time, CSC was sponsored by the French bike manufacturer Look, which is associated with Jalabert. The team also signed American Tyler Hamilton, formerly of U.S. Postal. The 2001 season was a breakthrough with Jalabert's win of the King of the Mountains competition and a stage on Bastille Day at the Tour de France. The season ended with Jalabert winning the 2001 Clásica de San Sebastián.

In 2002 Hamilton came second in the Giro d'Italia despite a broken scapula. The team also nearly won the team time trial at the 2002 Tour de France, thwarted by a flat tire. Jalabert again won the King of the Mountains and repeated his victory at the Clásica de San Sebastián. He retired at the end of the season.

2003–2008 Team CSC[edit]

Team CSC, 2004 Tour de France

In 2003, Riis changed Professional Cycling Denmark to Riis Cycling. Tiscali ceased sponsorship, and Riis Cycling was unable to find a new co-sponsor, hence the team changed CSC-Tiscali to Team CSC and continued 2003 on a reduced budget. The headquarters moved from Herning to the headquarters of one of the sponsors, the Danish insurance company Alm. Brand in Lyngby, a Copenhagen suburb.

Hamilton stepped up to be the team leader in 2003, with the goal of winning the Tour de France. He won Liège–Bastogne–Liège and was in form when he broke his collarbone in a pile-up on stage 1 of the Tour. He lost a lot of time. He made it up by winning a stage and finishing fourth, while his teammates Carlos Sastre and Jakob Piil also won stages.

In 2004 Hamilton switched to the Swiss team, Phonak, citing lack of support from Riis.[citation needed] The team brought on Ivan Basso from Fassa Bortolo to join Carlos Sastre in competing for Grand Tour wins. Basso had been a former winner of the maillot blanc in 2002. In the 2004 Tour de France, Team CSC had a very successful Tour, with Basso winning a mountain stage and reaching the podium in Paris with his third place finish. Bjarn Riis and Team CSCs efforts in the 2004 Tour were made into the cycling movie Overcoming.

Christian Müller (left), Linus Gerdemann (middle) and Jens Voigt at the 2005 German Time Trial Championship.

Following an off-season marred by financial difficulties that resulted in wage cuts for a number of riders,[21] the 2005 spring season was the strongest yet for CSC, with wins by Julich and Jens Voigt. Julich's victory in Paris–Nice made him the first rider to wear the leader's jersey in the new UCI ProTour. This was followed by three team stage wins in the Giro d'Italia, one by David Zabriskie and two by Basso, though the overall victory escaped from Basso when he was beset by a stomach ailment.

Midway through the 2005 Tour de France, CSC extended sponsorship until 2008[22] at a higher level, enabling Riis to renew the contract with Basso for an additional three years. Basso got second place in the tour and Zabriskie won in the prologue. Julich won the Eneco Tour and Carlos Sastre came second. Nicki Sørensen won a stage of the Vuelta a España. Team CSC won the 2005 ProTour, with Julich as the #8 ranked individual rider of the year, the highest placed rider in the team.

Until 2009, the team used Cervélo bikes and Shimano components. The arrangement with the small Canadian manufacturer worked well for CSC, as Cervélo's strength is time-trials, at which CSC has specialists.

Because of the team's link to drug use (Riis admitted doping, and Basso was suspended until 2008), MAN Trucks dropped co-sponsorship midway through 2007.[23]

2006 season[edit]

In 2006, with sponsorship for several years, the focus was to win all three Grand Tours, with Ivan Basso riding both Giro d'Italia and the Tour de France, and Carlos Sastre the Vuelta a España.[24] They had come second in the 2005 in the Tour and Vuelta, respectively. The team had several time trialists, including Zabriskie, who had won time trials at the Giro and the Tour, Julich, as well as Fabian Cancellara. Others included Jens Voigt and Stuart O'Grady from Australia, the only sprinter name in the team.[25]

The first victory of the 2006 UCI ProTour season was in the prologue of Paris–Nice by Julich. The spring was plagued with injuries hitting a third of the team, most notably O'Grady.[26] Cancellara won the time trial at Tirreno–Adriatico and then Paris–Roubaix. Fränk Schleck won the Amstel Gold Race a week later.

Team CSC surprised by announcing[27] that Sastre would ride the Giro as helper for Basso, that he would ride all three Grand Tours. 2005's winner Paolo Savoldelli was strongest in the first stages, and Jan Ullrich took a surprise win in the time trial ahead of Basso, but Basso dominated with three wins on mountain finishes and in the team time trial. Basso won by 9'18''.

On 30 June 2006, the Tour de France announced that Basso would not ride the 2006 Tour after apparent involvement in the Operación Puerto doping scandal. Sastre took over as captain and was the strongest in the favorite group on the last mountain stages, but a poor last time trial placed him fourth overall. The team scored two stage wins, the most impressive Fränk Schleck's win on Alpe d'Huez. Voigt had already won a flat stage after a long break.

The autumn was dominated by the Basso's involvement in Operación Puerto. His contract was cancelled by mutual consent,[28] and the case against Basso was eventually dropped by the Federazione Ciclistica Italiana for lack of evidence,[29] but without him authorizing a DNA test that could have cleared him conclusively. Basso adamantly denied being involved. (On 7 May 2007 Basso admitted involvement in Operación Puerto).[30] Team CSC have since started an ambitious anti-doping program[31] together with the Danish anti-doping expert Rasmus Damsgaard. Meanwhile, on the road, Voigt dominated the Deutschland Tour, winning overall and three stages, including a mountain finish and a time trial. Sastre came fourth in the Vuelta after starting in the lead when CSC won the initial team time trial. It was Sastre's fifth Grand Tour in a row.

2007 season[edit]

New rider Juan José Haedo gave the team a good start by winning early minor races. The classics season was a success by having O'Grady win Paris–Roubaix. Voigt managed to defend his victory in Tour of Germany. CSC won the UCI ProTour team competition for the third year in a row.

Sastre had a team dedicated to him for the Vuelta, while the team for the Tour was support riders and riders who could make individual results. This left the Giro without a clear rider for the general classification. Instead a youthful team was chosen, with the hope that Andy Schleck might win the youth competition. He won the youth competition and came second overall .

For the Tour, Cancellara followed up a strong showing in the Tour de Suisse with two stage wins and seven days in the yellow jersey. But doping returned when the race hit the mountains. Alexander Vinokourov tested positive and leader Michael Rasmussen was withdrawn by his team for "internal code violations". Sastre finished fourth.

For the Vuelta, Sastre again lost time in time trials, especially the first, but climbed to second place.

2008 Team CSC Saxo Bank[edit]

CSC announced[32] that they would not renew the contract in spring 2008, meaning Riis Cycling A/S would need a new main sponsor from 2009. Mid-june, Riis Cycling A/S announced[33] that Saxo Bank had entered a three-year contract as name sponsor, with immediate effect, so the team entered the 2008 Tour de France as Team CSC Saxo Bank. Carlos Sastre, having taken a lead of about two minutes on the final climb of L'Alpe D'Huez,[34] won the Tour, and the team took the team classification.

2009 Team Saxo Bank[edit]

It was announced 28 September 2008 that for 2009, IT Factory would be co-sponsor.[35] However, the company went into receivership some two months thereafter.[36] The team also began riding Specialized bicycles for the 2009 season.[37]

Team Saxo Bank-SunGard[edit]

Although Saxo Bank had previously announced that 2010 would be the last year they would sponsor the team, the 2011 name for the team was announced in August 2010 as Team Saxo Bank-SunGard, and the signing of 2 time Tour de France champion Alberto Contador on a two-year contract was also revealed.[38] On 29 July 2010, Andy Schleck and his brother Fränk announced their departure from the team effective from the start of the 2011 season.[39]


Team roster[edit]

As of 11 March 2014.[40] view · edit · talk
Rider Date of birth
 Edward Beltrán[N 1] (COL) (1990-01-18)18 January 1990 (aged 23)
 Daniele Bennati (ITA) (1980-09-24)24 September 1980 (aged 33)
 Manuele Boaro (ITA) (1987-12-03)3 December 1987 (aged 26)
 Matti Breschel (DEN) (1984-08-31)31 August 1984 (aged 29)
 Alberto Contador (ESP) (1982-12-06)6 December 1982 (aged 31)
 Jesper Hansen (DEN) (1991-05-04)4 May 1991 (aged 22)
 Jesús Hernández (ESP) (1981-09-28)28 September 1981 (aged 32)
 Christopher Juul-Jensen (DEN) (1989-07-06)6 July 1989 (aged 24)
 Michael Kolář (SVK) (1992-12-21)21 December 1992 (aged 21)
 Roman Kreuziger (CZE) (1986-05-06)6 May 1986 (aged 27)
 Karsten Kroon (NED) (1976-01-29)29 January 1976 (aged 37)
 Marko Kump (SLO) (1988-09-09)9 September 1988 (aged 25)
 Rafał Majka (POL) (1989-09-12)12 September 1989 (aged 24)
 Jay McCarthy (AUS) (1992-09-08)8 September 1992 (aged 21)
 Michael Mørkøv (DEN) (1985-04-30)30 April 1985 (aged 28)
Rider Date of birth
 Sérgio Paulinho (POR) (1980-03-26)26 March 1980 (aged 33)
 Evgeni Petrov (RUS) (1978-05-25)25 May 1978 (aged 35)
 Bruno Pires (POR) (1981-05-15)15 May 1981 (aged 32)
 Paweł Poljański (POL) (1990-05-06)6 May 1990 (aged 23)
 Nicolas Roche (IRL) (1984-07-03)3 July 1984 (aged 29)
 Michael Rogers (AUS) (1979-12-20)20 December 1979 (aged 34)
 Ivan Rovny (RUS) (1987-09-30)30 September 1987 (aged 26)
 Chris Anker Sørensen (DEN) (1984-09-05)5 September 1984 (aged 29)
 Nicki Sørensen (DEN) (1975-05-14)14 May 1975 (aged 38)
 Rory Sutherland (AUS) (1982-02-08)8 February 1982 (aged 31)
 Matteo Tosatto (ITA) (1974-05-14)14 May 1974 (aged 39)
 Nikolay Trusov (RUS) (1985-07-02)2 July 1985 (aged 28)
 Michael Valgren (DEN) (1992-02-07)7 February 1992 (aged 21)
 Oliver Zaugg (SUI) (1981-05-09)9 May 1981 (aged 32)
  1. ^ Beltrán joined the team on 4 March, from the Nankang-Fondriest team.[41]

Sports Directors[edit]

Name Born Nationality Previous Enter
Bjarne Riis 1964  Denmark Rider for Team Telekom 2000
Fabrizio Guidi 1972  Italy Road Bicycle Racer 2011
Tristan Hoffman 1970  Netherlands Rider for Team CSC Saxo Bank 2011
Philippe Mauduit 1968  France Road Bicycle Racer 2011

Major results[edit]

Since the founding of Team CSC in 1998, its various riders have won more than 200 victories for the team. Here are listed the most meriting wins, consisting of Grand Tour stages, Classics wins, and overall wins in the UCI ProTour and UCI World Ranking racing series.

Date Race Country Winner
22 March 2000 Dwars door Vlaanderen  Belgium Tristan Hoffman
11 July 2001 Stage 4, 2001 Tour de France  France Laurent Jalabert
14 July 2001 Stage 7, 2001 Tour de France  France Laurent Jalabert
11 August 2001 Clásica de San Sebastián  Spain Laurent Jalabert
26 May 2002 Stage 14, Giro d'Italia  Italy Tyler Hamilton
10 August 2002 Clásica de San Sebastián  Spain Laurent Jalabert
6 October 2002 Paris–Tours  France Jakob Piil
27 April 2003 Liège–Bastogne–Liège  Belgium Tyler Hamilton
4 May 2003 Tour de Romandie   Switzerland Tyler Hamilton
15 July 2003 Stage 10, 2003 Tour de France  France Jakob Piil
19 July 2003 Stage 13, 2003 Tour de France  France Carlos Sastre
23 July 2003 Stage 16, 2003 Tour de France  France Tyler Hamilton
14 March 2004 Paris–Nice  France Jörg Jaksche
16 July 2004 Stage 12, 2004 Tour de France  France Ivan Basso
13 March 2005 2005 Paris–Nice  France Bobby Julich
15 May 2005 Stage 8, 2005 Giro d'Italia  Italy David Zabriskie
26 May 2005 Stage 17, 2005 Giro d'Italia  Italy Ivan Basso
27 May 2005 Stage 18, 2005 Giro d'Italia  Italy Ivan Basso
2 July 2005 Stage 1, 2005 Tour de France  France David Zabriskie
10 August 2005 2005 Eneco Tour  Netherlands
Bobby Julich
15 September 2005 Stage 18, 2005 Vuelta a España  Spain Nicki Sørensen
9 April 2006 Paris–Roubaix  France Fabian Cancellara
16 April 2006 Amstel Gold Race  Netherlands Fränk Schleck
11 May 2006 Stage 5 (TTT), 2006 Giro d'Italia  Italy Team CSC[42]
14 May 2006 Stage 8, 2006 Giro d'Italia  Italy Ivan Basso
23 May 2006 Stage 16, 2006 Giro d'Italia  Italy Ivan Basso
27 May 2006 Stage 20, 2006 Giro d'Italia  Italy Ivan Basso
28 May 2006 Jersey pink.svg Overall, 2006 Giro d'Italia  Italy Ivan Basso
18 June 2006 2006 Eindhoven Team Time Trial  Netherlands Team CSC[43]
15 July 2006 Stage 13, 2006 Tour de France  France Jens Voigt
18 July 2006 Stage 15, 2006 Tour de France  France Fränk Schleck
9 August 2006 2006 Deutschland Tour  Germany Jens Voigt
26 August 2006 Stage 1 (TTT), 2006 Vuelta a España  Spain Team CSC[44]
15 April 2007 Paris–Roubaix  France Stuart O'Grady
20 May 2007 Stage 8, 2007 Giro d'Italia  Italy Kurt Asle Arvesen
24 June 2007 2007 Eindhoven Team Time Trial  Netherlands Team CSC[45]
7 July 2007 Prologue, 2007 Tour de France  France Fabian Cancellara
10 July 2007 Stage 3, 2007 Tour de France  France Fabian Cancellara
18 August 2007 2007 Deutschland Tour  Germany Jens Voigt
18 March 2008 2008 Tirreno–Adriatico  Italy Fabian Cancellara
22 March 2008 Milan–San Remo  Italy Fabian Cancellara
29 March 2008 E3 Prijs Vlaanderen  Belgium Kurt-Asle Arvesen
16 July 2008 Stage 11, 2008 Tour de France  France Kurt Asle Arvesen
23 July 2008 Stage 17, 2008 Tour de France  France Carlos Sastre
27 July 2008 Jersey yellow.svg Overall, 2008 Tour de France  France Carlos Sastre
21 September 2008 2008 Tour de Pologne  Poland Jens Voigt
21 September 2008 Stage 21, 2008 Vuelta a España  Spain Matti Breschel
26 April 2009 Liège–Bastogne–Liège  Belgium Andy Schleck
21 June 2009 2009 Tour de Suisse   Switzerland Fabian Cancellara
4 July 2009 Stage 1, 2009 Tour de France  France Fabian Cancellara
16 July 2009 Stage 12, 2009 Tour de France  France Nicki Sorensen
22 July 2009 Stage 17, 2009 Tour de France  France Fränk Schleck
29 August 2009 Stage 1, 2009 Vuelta a España  Spain Fabian Cancellara
5 September 2009 Stage 7, 2009 Vuelta a España  Spain Fabian Cancellara
24 March 2010 Dwars door Vlaanderen  Belgium Matti Breschel
27 March 2010 E3 Prijs Vlaanderen  Belgium Fabian Cancellara
4 April 2010 Ronde van Vlaanderen  Belgium Fabian Cancellara
11 April 2010 Paris-Roubaix  France Fabian Cancellara
16 May 2010 Stage 8, 2010 Giro d'Italia  Italy Chris Anker Sorensen
20 June 2010 2010 Tour de Suisse   Switzerland Fränk Schleck
3 July 2010 Prologue, 2010 Tour de France  France Fabian Cancellara
11 July 2010 Stage 8, 2010 Tour de France  France Andy Schleck
22 July 2010 Stage 17, 2010 Tour de France  France Andy Schleck
24 July 2010 Stage 19, 2010 Tour de France  France Fabian Cancellara
25 July 2010 Jersey yellow.svg Overall, 2010 Tour de France  France Andy Schleck[46]
23 March 2011 Dwars door Vlaanderen  Belgium Nick Nuyens
3 April 2011 Ronde van Vlaanderen  Belgium Nick Nuyens
6 September 2011 Stage 16, 2011 Vuelta a España  Spain Juan José Haedo
5 September 2012 Stage 17, 2012 Vuelta a España  Spain Alberto Contador
9 September 2012 Jersey red.svg Overall, 2012 Vuelta a España  Spain Alberto Contador
14 April 2013 2013 Amstel Gold Race  Netherlands Roman Kreuziger
25 August 2013 Stage 2, Vuelta a España  Spain Nicolas Roche
29 August 2013 Stage 6, Vuelta a España  Spain Michael Mørkøv
19 July 2014 Stage 14, 2014 Tour de France  Poland Rafał Majka
22 July 2014 Stage 16, 2014 Tour de France  Australia Michael Rogers
23 July 2014 Stage 17, 2014 Tour de France  Poland Rafał Majka


Overcoming at the Internet Movie Database


  1. ^ "Nick Gates Is Headed For A New Beginning". Team Saxo Bank-Tinkoff Bank. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Riis Cycling to have new title sponsor in 2009 at Team-CSC
  3. ^ "Saxo Bank joins SunGard as co-title sponsor in 2011", 4 August 2010
  4. ^
  5. ^ Westemeyer, Susan (25 June 2012). "Tinkoff Bank announced as co-sponsor to Saxo Bank". Cycling News (Future Publishing Limited). Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Atkins, Ben (25 June 2012). "Tinkoff returns to cycling as Team Saxo Bank co-sponsor through 2013". VeloNation (VeloNation LLC). Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ Andrew Rogers, PEZ Interviews: Bjarne Riis, PezCycling, 22 February 2006
  9. ^ Our Values at Team-CSC
  10. ^ Werge, p. 177
  11. ^ Bjarne's boot camp, CyclingNews, 12 December 2004
  12. ^ Andrew Rogers, Bobby Julich: Another PEZ-Zing, PezCycling, 9 March 2006
  13. ^ Werge, pp. 15–17
  14. ^ ibid, pp. 25 (figure translated from Danish kroner)
  15. ^ a b Half a million dollars needed in Denmark, CyclingNews, 23 September 1999
  16. ^ Werge, p. 87
  17. ^ ibid, pp. 91–93
  18. ^ Danish Cycling Federation, Nicolaj Bo Larsen, CyclingWorld, 22 December 2003
  19. ^ Werge, p. 148 (figure translated from Danish kroner)
  20. ^ a b (Danish) Avis: Hamburger testet positiv i 1999, Danmarks Radio, 11 September 2005
  21. ^ Werge, p. 173
  22. ^ CSC RENEWS SPONSORSHIP OF TOP CYCLING TEAM, Computer Sciences Corporation, 18 July 2005
  23. ^ Yahoo! Sports – Sports News, Scores, Rumors, Fantasy Games, and more
  24. ^ Team Team CSC (CSC) – DEN, UCI, 2006
  25. ^ [1]
  26. ^ Alhan Keser, O'Grady goes broke, Eurosport, 10 March 2006
  27. ^ Sastre in Giro line-up, Team CSC, 2006
  28. ^ "Ivan Basso To Leave Team CSC". Team CSC. 18 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-18. 
  29. ^ Brown, Gregor; Maloney, Tim (27 October 2006). "Basso officially cleared in Operación Puerto". CyclingNews. Retrieved 2006-11-25. 
  30. ^ Basso admits role in doping scandal at the Wayback Machine (archived 9 May 2007)
  31. ^ "Team CSC Launches Anti Doping Program". Team CSC. 13 November 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-25. 
  32. ^ Riis Cycling to have new title sponsor in 2009
  33. ^ Riis Cycling signs Sponsorship Agreement with Saxo Bank
  34. ^ Sastre wins the 2008 L'Alpe d'Huez stage – VeloNews
  35. ^ cyclingnews. "Team Saxo Bank- IT Factory sponsor declares bankruptcy". Retrieved 2009-12-08. 
  36. ^ Main Team CSC-Saxo Bank sponsor goes bust
  37. ^ Specialized and Team Saxo Bank Join Forces
  38. ^ Cycling News 3 August 2010
  39. ^ Devaney, Jason. "Schlecks Confirm Departure from Saxo Bank." Universal Sports – Cycling. 30 July 2010.
  40. ^ "Tinkoff-Saxo (TCS) – RUS". UCI World Tour. Union Cycliste Internationale. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  41. ^ "Beltran signs for Tinkoff-Saxo". (Future plc). 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  42. ^ The nine riders were: Ivan Basso, Michael Blaudzun, Íñigo Cuesta, Volodymyr Hustov, Bobby Julich, Giovanni Lombardi, Carlos Sastre, Nicki Sørensen, Jens Voigt.
  43. ^ The eight riders were: Lars Bak, Michael Blaudzun, Bobby Julich, Christian Müller, Stuart O'Grady, Brian Vandborg, Jens Voigt and David Zabriskie.
  44. ^ The nine riders were: Kurt Asle Arvesen, Lars Bak, Fabian Cancellara, Íñigo Cuesta, Stuart O'Grady, Volodymyr Hustov, Marcus Ljungqvist, Carlos Sastre, Nicki Sørensen.
  45. ^ The eight riders were: Michael Blaudzun, Matthew Goss, Bobby Julich, Marcus Ljungqvist, Luke Roberts, Nicki Sørensen, Christian Vande Velde and David Zabriskie.
  46. ^ Retroactively awarded after Alberto Contador's results were disqualified following his backdated two-year ban in February 2012.

External links[edit]