Techirghiol

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Techirghiol
Town
Skyline of Techirghiol
Location of Techirghiol
Location of Techirghiol
Coordinates: 44°3′27″N 28°35′45″E / 44.05750°N 28.59583°E / 44.05750; 28.59583Coordinates: 44°3′27″N 28°35′45″E / 44.05750°N 28.59583°E / 44.05750; 28.59583
Country  Romania
County Constanța County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Viorel Adrian Stan (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 46.07 km2 (17.79 sq mi)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total Decrease6,845
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primaria-techirghiol.ro/

Techirghiol (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈtekirɡjol], historical name: Tekirgöl) is a town in Constanţa County, Romania.

Etymology[edit]

The name is derived from the Turkish Tekirgöl which means "the lake of Tekir". According to a legend, a blind and crippled old man named Tekir and his old donkey reached the shore of the lake by mistake. Trying to pull his stubborn animal out of the mud, Tekir was miraculously healed so he could see and walk normally again. Since then the lake has become famous for its healing properties.

Tekir and his donkey are featured in a statue located in the center of the town.

The name also means (in Turkish) "Striped Lake" (tekir - striped, and göl - lake). This is because of the salinity of the lake; when the wind blows, white salt stripes appear on the surface of the lake.

Location[edit]

Town is in the south east extremity of Romania (Constanța County), situated on the north west shore of Lake Techirghiol (11.6 km2), elevation 15–20 m, 18 km south of the municipality of Constanța and very close to the Black Sea (3 km).

In Techirghiol the winters are mild and the summers are warm, dominant being the clear skies (the sun shines for more than 2,400 hours every year).

History[edit]

Techirghiol was first marked on the country's map in 1893 but developed steadily after 1912, establishing itself as a spa town.

In 1891, Hagi Pandele opened its doors, the first hotel and cold baths establishment in the town. In 1900 the extraction of therapeutic mud initiated and this led to the construction of many bathing establishments and hotels.

After World War I, in 1920, Techirghiol started to become a very popular tourist attraction due to its famous therapeutic mud.

Techirghiol Balneotherapy Center[edit]

The sapropelic mud from the Techirghiol Lake is the jewel of the resort.In 1924, at the Universal Exposition from Paris, the Techirghiol mud received the golden medal. Alphons Saligny was the first to study the therapeutic use of the mud; after this the Romanian Institute of Balneology approved it and during the 1930s the studies realized by Alphons Saligny and the Institute were the base for solid scientific proof regarding the therapeutic actions of the sapropelic mud of Techirghiol and the methodology of those treatments.

The sapropelic mud of Techirghiol is used warm for different kind of procedures:

The use of therapeutic mud is also recommended for:

  • Better skin elasticity,
  • Hydration for cell strengthening and for dryness prevention.
  • Skin healing ( in cases of psoriasis and eczema)
  • A better state of well-being and relaxation
  • Improvement of pain from anterior accidents, as well as those from rheumatism and muscular immobility.
  • General detoxification of the organism can easily be achieved after a series of general massages with mud, or after a cure of wrappings in the comfort of your own home, or in a specialized saloon, or on the seashore.

Places of interest[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1930 1,956 —    
1948 2,136 +9.2%
1956 2,705 +26.6%
1966 4,643 +71.6%
1977 9,706 +109.0%
1992 6,872 −29.2%
2002 7,388 +7.5%
2011 6,845 −7.3%
Source: Census data

At the 2011 census, Techirghiol had 5,646 Romanians (82.48%), 8 Hungarians (0.12%), 27 Roma (0.39%), 336 Turks (4.91%), 615 Tatars (8.98%), 6 Lipovans (0.09%), 17 Aromanians (0.25%), 184 others (2.69%), 6 with undeclared ethnicity (0.09%).

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Constanta County at the 2011 census" (PDF) (in Romanian). INSSE. February 2, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 

External links[edit]