Technicien Supérieur de l'Aviation (civilian)
In France, the training of the Technicien supérieur de l'aviation (civilian) (TSA civilian, in English Advanced Technician in Aviation non civil servant) is performed by the École nationale de l'aviation civile (French civil aviation university).
The TSA civilian training is created in addition to the one of Technicien supérieur des études et de l'exploitation de l'aviation civile available since 1962.
The competitive examination is organized each year for students holder of a Baccalauréat. 5 seats are available. After the application process, students are trained during two years at the École nationale de l'aviation civile (French civil aviation university) of Toulouse.
- Operational activities,
- Operation of the airport area (use of airport runways, aircraft operating conditions),
- Work in an operational department (weight and balance, flight planning, route calculation, fuel calculation), or a ground handling (passengers, cargo, etc..).
In 2011 is done an amendment of the initial training of the Technicien supérieur des études et de l'exploitation de l'aviation civile. This one will now be called TSA for Technicien supérieur de l'aviation and include, since 2011, two curriculum :
- TSA civilian training : students are admit by a competitive examination or by Validation des Acquis de l'Experience. They perform a two-years training.
- TSEEAC : after being admit with the same competitive examination as the TSA civilian, they follow the same course during two years before going to the Directorate General for Civil Aviation and perform one more year complementary training in a dual education system.
- Ariane Gilotte, Jean-Philippe Husson and Cyril Lazerge, 50 ans d'Énac au service de l'aviation, Édition S.E.E.P.P, 1999
See also 
- Technicien supérieur de l'aviation
- Technicien supérieur des études et de l'exploitation de l'aviation civile