Technisches Hilfswerk

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Federal Agency for Technical Relief
Bundesanstalt Technisches Hilfswerk
Common name Technisches Hilfswerk
Abbreviation THW
THW.svg
Main logo of the THW
Agency overview
Formed 22 August 1950 (64 years ago) (1950-08-22)
Preceding agency Technische Nothilfe (Technical Emergency Relief)
Employees 860
Volunteers 83,807
Annual budget EUR 176.000.000 (2010)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency Germany
Constituting instrument Law on German Federal Agency for Technical Relief (THW Law)
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Bonn-Lengsdorf
Agency executive Albrecht Broemme, President
Operational units
Facilities
Local sections 668
Website
www.thw.bund.de

The Bundesanstalt Technisches Hilfswerk (Federal Agency for Technical Relief, THW) is a civil protection organisation controlled by the German federal government. 99% of its 83,807 members (January 2010) are volunteers.

Tasks[edit]

THW Equipment Vehicle (GKW)
Helping after an accident

The tasks of the THW are described in a law called THW-Gesetz.[1] These tasks are:

  • technical and logistical support for other (German) GOs, NGOs or other authorities like fire brigades, police or the custom authorities
  • technical or humanitarian relief in foreign countries, as assigned by the government
  • technical relief in Germany as part of national civil protection measures.

History[edit]

The THW during a flood disaster

After World War II the Technisches Hilfswerk was founded in 1950, by order of the minister of the interior. The first president of the THW was Otto Lummitzsch, who had founded the THW's predecessor, the Technische Nothilfe, in 1919. The main purpose of the THW was civil defense in the event of war. This has changed during the decades; today the THW is a capable helper in a wide spectrum of disasters, such as traffic accidents, industrial disasters, or earthquakes.

The largest disaster control action took place in August 2002 after the severe flooding of the Elbe river in eastern Germany. About 24,000 THW members participated in the operation, with up to 10,000 people helping simultaneously along the Elbe and its tributaries.[citation needed]

The largest engagement outside Germany was in France in 2000, after storms Lothar and Martin had destroyed much of the overhead electrical overland wires and overturned trees blocked many streets from December 26 to 28, 1999. The main contribution was supplying temporary electrical power for hospitals and other important institutions and rebuilding parts of the electrical system.

The organisation has also been active in many disaster relief operations abroad, for example after the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (for both relief operations and medium-term rebuilding), Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the 2005 Kashmir earthquake,[2] in 2010 during the flooding in Poland, and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.[3]

Organization[edit]

As a federal authority which is part of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, the THW is headed by the president of the THW administration together with its board. The current president, from 16 May 2006, is engineer Albrecht Broemme. He previously served as the Fire Chief of Berlin. The headquarters of the THW administration and management (THW-Leitung) are in Bonn-Lengsdorf, together with the Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz und Katastrophenhilfe (BBK) (Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance).

The THW comprises 668 THW local chapters, 66 offices, 8 regional associations, and the THW administration in Bonn, which is subject to the THW President and assists him in his daily official business. It consists of the management staff, the representative for the volunteers, and the Deployment Section with the units E1 mission, E2 foreign, E3 training, E4 logistics, and E5 technology, and the Central Services Section with the units Z1 helpers and staff, Z2 organization, Z3 finance, Z4 security and health protection, and Z5 information and communication.

The THW logistics center has its office in Heiligenhaus and is via its attachment to the Logistics Unit E4 part of the THW administration.

Field organization[edit]

The THW is stationed all over Germany in 668 local chapters, called Ortsverbände (OV). Some 80,000 people are active in this organisation including about 15,000 young volunteers (members of the THW Youth). The majority of those are volunteers, while about 800 work full-time in its administration. Each local chapter (Ortsverband) maintains one or more Technische Züge (technical platoons), each consisting of one Zugtrupp (command squad), comprising four volunteers, two Bergungsgruppen (rescue units) comprising nine (first unit) to twelve (second unit) volunteers, and one to three Fachgruppen (Technical Units), comprising four to eighteen volunteers.

A Tatra 815 from the THW

The main type of THW unit (about two out of three) is one of two Bergungsgruppen (1st and 2nd Rescue Groups), equipped with heavy tools like hydraulic cutting devices, chain saws, and pneumatic hammers. Their vehicles are the Gerätekraftwagen 1 (GKW 1) (Equipment Truck 1) for the 1st Rescue Group and the Mehrzweckkraftwagen (MzKW) (Multi-Purpose Truck) or the older Gerätekraftwagen 2 (GKW 2) — which is scheduled to be phased out — for the 2nd Rescue Group.

The Fachgruppen (Technical Units) include:

  • Bridge Building, (Brückenbau)
  • Command, Control and Communication, (Führung und Kommunikation)
  • Debris Clearance, (Räumen)
  • Demolition/Blasting, (Sprengen)
  • Electricity Supply, (Elektroversorgung)
  • Illumination, (Beleuchtung)
  • Infrastructure, (Infrastruktur)
  • Logistics, (Logistik)
  • Oil Pollution, (Ölschaden)
  • Search and Rescue, (Ortung)
  • Water Damage / Pumps, (Wasserschaden / Pumpen)
  • Water Hazards, (Wassergefahren) and
  • Water Supply and Treatment, (Trinkwasserversorgung).
THW six-wheel vehicle at volunteer fair in Travemünde

For relief in foreign countries, there are four Schnelleinsatzeinheiten Bergung Ausland or SEEBA (Rapid Deployment Unit Search and Rescue Abroad) units, able to go airborne within six hours,[4] and five Schnelleinsatzeinheiten Wasserversorgung Ausland or SEEWA (Rapid Deployment Unit Water Supply and Treatment Abroad) units.

Services Provided[edit]

Technical Threat Prevention

  • Area lighting
  • Clearing and blasting
  • Combat flooding and inundation
  • Search and rescue, and salvage
  • Water rescue

Infrastructure Technical Support

  • Electric supply
  • Emergency Bridge work
  • Drinking water supply
  • Waste water disposal

Command and Communication, Logistics

  • Catering and care of operational staff
  • Command center establishment and operation
  • Command support
  • Creation of temporary telecommunication systems
  • Establishment and operation of logistic bases
  • Maintenance of material, repair and maintenance work for mission equipment
  • Transportation of consumer goods for mission demands

Technical Support in the Protection of the Environment

  • Fight against oil damage
  • Water analysis

Provision of the Population

  • Electricity and drinking water provision
  • Establishment and equipment of emergency accommodation and collecting points with matching infrastructure
  • Waste water disposal

Technical Support

  • Diving
  • Makeshift road works
  • Maintenance of civil protection facilities such as emergency wells and shelters
  • Rescue from heights
  • Technical help on traffic routes.

Heads of THW[edit]

  • 1952–1955: Otto Lummitzsch
  • 1955–1958: Alexander Löfken
  • 1958–1962: Rudolf Schmidt
  • 1962–1977: Hans Zielinski
  • 1977–1985: Hermann Ahrens
  • 1985/1986: Helmut Meier
  • 1986–2002: Gerd Jürgen Henkel
  • 2002–2006: Georg Thiel
  • since 2006: Albrecht Broemme

Personnel[edit]

See also Conscription in Germany

In Germany, military service was mandatory for adult males until 2011. Instead of joining the military for six months full-time, one of the alternatives was to join a non-combatant volunteer organisation within the German Katastrophenschutz (disaster relief) or Zivilschutz (civil defense) for a minimum of four years (this is calculated so that although serving far less time every week, in the end the number of served hours was about the same). The THW was one of those organisations, as were volunteer fire brigades and various organisations engaged in emergency medical service.

While the number of 17-year-olds moving from youth to active service was lower in 2012 (913 new members) than in 2010 (1056 new members),[5] the theory of a decisive influence by conscription on THW volunteer recruiting is not supported by empirical data.

THW-Jugend[edit]

The THW-Jugend (THW Youth) is the youth organization of the Technical Relief. It has set itself the target to introduce boys and girls from the age of ten in a playful way to the work of the THWs. The THW-Jugend is not part of the Federal Agency for Technical Relief, but is an independently registered charity. This arrangement was made in order to avoid maintaining a state youth organization.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THW-Gesetz - Gesetz ueber das Technische Hilfswerk". Retrieved 2010-10-17. 
  2. ^ "Technical and Humanitarian Assistance Worldwide". Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  3. ^ "Erdbeben in Japan: THW setzt Hilfe fort". Retrieved 2011-03-14. 
  4. ^ "The SEEBA Special Unit – the Government's Tool to Help Rescue and Salvage Operations Domestically and Abroad". Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  5. ^ Bundesanstalt Technisches Hilfswerk (THW): Jahresbericht 2012 [1], page 28.

External links[edit]