June 1, 1869|
St. Louis, Missouri
|Died: May 3, 1935
St. Louis, Missouri
|April 28, 1891 for the St. Louis Browns|
|Last MLB appearance|
|May 9, 1901 for the St. Louis Cardinals|
|Earned run average||4.04|
|Career highlights and awards|
Theodore P. "Ted" Breitenstein (June 1, 1869 – May 3, 1935) was an American Major League Baseball player from St. Louis, Missouri who pitched from 1891 to 1901 for the St. Louis Browns/Cardinals and the Cincinnati Reds. He is most known today for throwing a no-hitter in his first Major League start.
During his first season in the Majors, he was able to pitch occasionally in relief, but on the final day of the 1891 season, October 4, Breitenstein was allowed to start and he pitched a no-hitter against the Louisville Colonels, an 8–0 victory. He faced the minimum number of batters of 27, allowed just one base on balls, which was erased by a double play or by a pickoff play. It was also the last no-hitter thrown in the American Association, as the league folded following the season.
He became part of the pitching rotation in 1892, but had a lackluster season with a 9–19 win–loss record and a 4.69 earned run average. He turned his pitching around after that, and in 1893, Breitenstein's 3.18 ERA was tops in the National League. In 1894, he won 27 games while leading the league in games started, complete games and innings pitched, although he led the league in runs allowed, and had a 4.79 ERA. In the following season, his workload stayed the same, leading the league in games started and complete games once again, but his stats took a slide downward, leading the league in runs allowed, base on balls, and losses. His 30 losses in 1895 stand as the 3rd on the all-time list for losses in a season by a pitcher.
After a similar season in 1896, he was sold to the Cincinnati Reds for a reported $10,000, though it could have been as low as $4,000. This move gave Breitenstein a new start and he took advantage of it, winning more than 20 games in each of his first two season with the Reds. He lowered his ERA to 3.62 in 1897 and 3.42 in 1898 respectively. On April 22, 1898, he pitched his second no-hitter, this time against the Pittsburgh Pirates, an 11–0 victory. What made this no-hitter notable is the fact that another no-hitter was pitched on the same day. Jay Hughes of the Baltimore Orioles threw one against the Boston Beaneaters. This was the first occurrence of two no-hitters had been thrown on the same day in the Major Leagues.
His next two seasons in Cincinnati were respectable, but his skills had shown that they were declining, not able to pitch with the same durability of seasons past, so through an unknown transaction, he returned to his old team in St. Louis, now known as the Cardinals.
Post Major League career
His career ended after only a few games in 1901 and he went on to a lengthy minor league baseball career, most notably with the New Orleans Pelicans of the Southern Association. He played eight seasons for the Pelicans, ten years in all with the Association. During World War I, Breitenstein was named as a director of an athletic camp especially organized for Army and Navy soldiers. He died in St. Louis, Missouri at the age of 65, and is interred in Saint Peter's Cemetery in Normandy, Missouri.
- List of Major League Baseball earned run average champions
- List of Major League Baseball no-hitters
- List of St. Louis Cardinals no-hitters
- List of St. Louis Cardinals team records
- "Ted Breitenstein's Stats". retrosheet.org. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- "Ted Breitenstein: A No-Hitter In His First Start". by S. Derby Gisclair/SABR.org. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- "Ted Breitenstein's Complete Stats". minorleagueresearcher.blogspot.com. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- Baseball: The People's Game, pgs 331 & 332. by Harold Seymour. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ted Breitenstein.|
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
- Ted Breitenstein at Find a Grave
|National League ERA Champion
October 4, 1891
April 22, 1898