Ted Koppel

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Ted Koppel
Tedkoppelpic.jpg
Ted Koppel in 2008
Born Edward James Martin Koppel[1]
(1940-02-08) February 8, 1940 (age 74)
Nelson, Lancashire, England, UK
Ethnicity Jewish
Occupation Journalist
News anchor
Years active 1963–present
Notable credit(s) Nightline (1980–2005)
Spouse(s) Grace Anne Dorney
(1963–present)
Children Andrea Koppel
Deirdre Koppel
Andrew Koppel
Tara Koppel
Parents Alice Koppel
Edwin Koppel

Edward James Martin "Ted" Koppel (born February 8, 1940) is a British American broadcast journalist, best known as the anchor for Nightline from the program's inception in 1980 until his retirement in late 2005. After leaving Nightline, Koppel worked as managing editor for the Discovery Channel before resigning in 2008. Koppel is currently a senior news analyst for National Public Radio and contributing analyst to BBC World News America, and contributes to NBC News.

Early life and education[edit]

Koppel, an only child, was born in Nelson, Lancashire, UK, after his German Jewish parents fled Germany due to the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazism.[2] Koppel, at 13, immigrated to the United States in 1953 with his family. His mother, Alice, was a singer and pianist, and his father, Edwin, was a tire factory owner.[3] He graduated from Syracuse University with a Bachelor of Science Degree and from Stanford University with a Master of Arts Degree in Mass Communications Research and Political Science.[4] In 1987, he received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Duke University.[5] In 2007, the University of Southern California awarded Koppel an honorary Doctor of Laws degree.[6] Koppel returns to Syracuse University regularly as a guest speaker. He was a member of the student-run WAER and keeps in touch with the student media at Syracuse.[7] He is a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity.[8]

Career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Koppel as the diplomatic correspondent for ABC News, 1976.

Koppel had a brief stint as a teacher before being hired as a copyboy at WMCA Radio in New York. In June 1963, he became the youngest correspondent ever hired by ABC Radio News, working on the daily Flair Reports program. In 1966, Koppel worked for ABC Television as a war correspondent during the Vietnam War. Koppel returned in 1968 to cover the campaign of Richard Nixon, before becoming Hong Kong bureau chief, and US State Department correspondent, where Koppel formed a good friendship with Henry Kissinger.

Koppel was among those traveling to China with U.S. President Richard Nixon in 1972. He spoke about this with the USC U.S.-China Institute for their Assignment: China documentary series on American media coverage of China. Koppel likened the trip to a journey to the dark side of the moon.

Accusations of bias[edit]

Koppel was suggested as being a conduit for the government's point of view. In the late 1980s, the progressive media criticism organization Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR) conducted a 40-month study of 865 editions of Nightline and concluded, "On shows about international affairs, U.S. government policymakers and ex-officials dominated the Nightline guest list. American critics of foreign policy were almost invisible." In 1987, Newsweek opined, "The anchor who makes viewers feel that he is challenging the powers that be on their behalf is in fact the quintessential establishment journalist". Koppel responded to this by saying, "We are governed by the president and his cabinet and their people. And they are the ones who are responsible for our foreign policy, and they are the ones I want to talk to".[9] Ted Koppel's interviews were not limited only to issues of economics, politics, culture, sports, and war but also covered sensitive issues such as the discrimination practiced in country golf clubs. He thoroughly studied the subject matter of his Nightline broadcasts and never hesitated to put forth uncomfortable questions to people occupying high government offices. Soon after Nelson Mandela's release from imprisonment, Koppel did an interview with him in the U.S where he asked about Mandela's association with notorious human rights violators such as Fidel Castro and Yasser Arafat, and also why the South African Constitution does not guarantee in it the right to property. Mandela's telling reply was, "Castro and Arafat were our allies in the fight against apartheid, then how can we forget them? - Of course we can, but first let the people have that property to which they have been denied their rights to by the apartheid government."

Koppel was invited to deliver a convocation speech at the University of Pennsylvania, which was published in Forbes Magazine during the early 1990's. There he questioned President George Bush Sr's claims about the casualty figures that were incurred by the surgical strikes that he ordered on Iraq during the Gulf war in 1991.

Departure from Nightline[edit]

On November 22, 2005, Koppel stepped down from Nightline after 25 years with the program and left ABC after 42 years with the network. His final Nightline broadcast did not feature clips highlighting memorable interviews and famous moments from his tenure as host, as is typical when an anchor retires. Instead, the show replayed the highly acclaimed episode of Nightline with Koppel's 1995 interviews with retired Brandeis University sociology professor Morrie Schwartz, who was dying of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, more commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease). For this broadcast, Koppel interviewed sports journalist Mitch Albom, who had been a student of Schwartz. Albom talked about how the Nightline interviews led and inspired him into contacting Schwartz personally, and then visiting him weekly. These visits became the basis for the popular book Tuesdays with Morrie, chronicling lessons about life learned from Schwartz.

After the show's last commercial break, Koppel made his final remarks prior to signing off:

Recent work[edit]

Following Nightline Koppel has taken on a number of roles which span various formats of news media:

Discovery Channel[edit]

Following his departure from Nightline Koppel formed a three-year partnership with Discovery Communications as managing editor of the Discovery Channel. While at Discovery Koppel produced several lengthy documentaries on a variety of subjects including a 2008 four-hour miniseries on China, which Koppel "ranks with some of the work that [he is] most proud of over the years."[12] The four-part documentary, called The People's Republic of Capitalism, is an extensive look at the fast-changing country. It takes a look at the role of Chinese consumers in the growing -but yet communist- economy.[13]

Koppel and Discovery Communications parted ways in November, 2008, terminating their contract six months early, prompting rumors that Koppel would be hired for NBC's Meet the Press. Koppel has stated that he is not interested in the job.[12]

Accolades[edit]

Personal life[edit]

In 1963, Koppel became a naturalized U.S. citizen, and married Grace Anne Dorney, a Roman Catholic.[15] They have four children: Andrea (a former journalist), Deirdre, Andrew, and Tara. Andrew Koppel was found dead in a New York City apartment on May 31, 2010, reportedly after a day-long drinking binge.[16] Koppel is multilingual and speaks German and French in addition to his native English.

Koppel is an old friend of Henry Kissinger. Both Kissinger and Koppel moved to the United States as children. Along with former Secretary of State Alexander Haig, Kissinger was the most frequent guest on Nightline.[9] In an interview, Koppel commented, "Henry Kissinger is, plain and simply, the best secretary of state we have had in 20, maybe 30 years – certainly one of the two or three great secretaries of state of our century," and added, "I’m proud to be a friend of Henry Kissinger. He is an extraordinary man. This country has lost a lot by not having him in a position of influence and authority".[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://books.google.ca
  2. ^ "Harvard Gazette: Inside newsman Ted Koppel". News.harvard.edu. 2000-11-02. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  3. ^ "Ted Koppel Biography (1940–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  4. ^ "Ted Koppel". ABC News. November 17, 2005. Retrieved January 2, 2011. 
  5. ^ Duke University 1980s honorary degrees
  6. ^ "Honorary Degrees - Past Recipients". University of Southern California. Retrieved January 2, 2011. 
  7. ^ “” (2001-10-11). "Ted Koppel entertains CitrusTV". YouTube. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  8. ^ http://www.pikes.org/alum/about/content.aspx?item=navigable/about/ProminentPikes.xml#
  9. ^ a b Solomon, Norman. – "Ted Koppel: 'Natural Fit' at NPR News and Longtime Booster of Henry Kissinger". – Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR). – January 16, 2006
  10. ^ "13 Times". – New York Times. – January 13, 2006
  11. ^ Koppel. – NPR. – January 12, 2006
  12. ^ a b Paul J. Gough, "Ted Koppel, Discovery parting ways" Reuters/Hollywood Reporter http://www.reuters.com/article/televisionNews/idUSTRE4AP04S20081126
  13. ^ nytimes.com "On the Trail of Consumerism in a Booming Chinese City." Genzlinger, Neil. July,2008.
  14. ^ "Paul White Award". Radio Television Digital News Association. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  15. ^ National Review: "Koppel Tackles The Passion - Jesus, Jews, and the year’s most controversial film" By Joel C. Rosenberg February 24, 2004
  16. ^ Ted Koppel's son, 40, found dead in NYC apartment
  17. ^ Columbia Journalism Review, March/April 1989.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Frank Reynolds
Nightline anchor
March 24, 1980 – November 22, 2005
Succeeded by
Terry Moran, Cynthia McFadden, and Martin Bashir