Tedla Bairu (1914–1984) was an Eritrean political figure. He was the last independent head of state of Eritrea in 1952. He was then the first Chief Executive of Eritrea from 1952 in federation with Ethiopia, until he resigned in 1955. He was described as an "opportunist" by his opponents for his unwavering Unionist position. His career paralleled that of Woldeab Woldemariam besides the fact that he did not support Eritrean independence.
After Emperor Haile Selassie forced his resignation he become disillusioned with the Federation. When he was appointed as ambassador to Sweden from Ethiopia in 1967 he defected to the Eritrean Liberation Front.
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